Abelia x grandiflora 'Little Richard'
Small and fast-growing abelia, from a hybrid cross between A. chinensis and A. uniflora, reaching only 3 ft x 3 ft with dense, evergreen foliage that shows bronze highlights in winter. Useful in the landscape and suitable for a hedge. Flowers, small and white, begin in May and continue sporadically throughout the season. Sun to part shade with average summer water. Easily frost hardy in USDA zone 6, resprouting in upper zone 5.
Abutilon 'Mobile Pink'
Flared and ruffled pink flowers on this compact shrub, to only 4 ft. Sun to lots of shade with average water and fertilizer. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8b. Mulch in place in a protected spot for extra winter hardiness. Does well in containers.
Abutilon 'Smoked Salmon'
Lovely, orange blossoms in the shape of flared bells makes this Abutilon eye-catching. A reliable repeat bloomer from spring until frost. Compact plant growing approx 2ft x 2ft. Sun to shade. Great container plant or temporary garden plant. Frost hardy to USDA zone 9b. A great flowering maple.
Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn'flowering maple
Probably one of the oldest abutilon cultivars (from the Victorian era), but sadly, also one of the least hardy. Large, maple-like, variegated leaves, green splashed white, and large, hanging-bell, apricot-orange flowers with dark veins to be enjoyed over a long bloom season. We keep ours in a pot or replace it each spring. Well worth it! Frost hardy in USDA zone 9.
Abutilon 'Victor Reiter'flowering maple
Large, richly hued orange flowers face downward over a long bloom season on this 6-8 ft shrub Best in a protected spot, out of afternoon blasty sun and where it can grow up through another plant. One of the best of the flowering maples. Summer water and generous fertilizer. Frost hardy in the mid teems F, USDA zone 8b.
Abutilon vittifolium 'Veronica Tennant'
A large, upright, deciduous tree-form abutilon with impressive, papery, saucer-shaped flowers in a cool lavender-white shade. Outside of flower buds are deeper purple, which contrast nicely to the paler, opened flowers sitting nearby. Foliage is maple-like and dark green; if not, fertilize with a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. Partial shade is best. Keep moist. Flowers, which appear in summer, are edible and good to eat in salads. Give it a wall for cold protection. Zone 8.
Abutilon x suntense 'Fine China'
Shimmering pale violet flowers on a compact plant. The large, felted gray-green leaves are nice too. Good repeat blooming. Grows 16in x 16in. This Abutilon is several degrees hardier than the typical flowering maple hybrids. Sun to Partial shade. Easy to grow, but one trick is do not over water when it's hot out. Great in containers or in the ground. USDA zone 8.
Widely cultivated tall shrub, 6-10 ft, from Australia. Drooping branches with blue-gray, almost triangular leaf-like phyllodes (flattened leaf stalks) held close to the stems. Perfumed, rounded clusters of bright yellow spring flowers on long sprays. Excellent for hedging. Full sun. Drought tolerant once established. Thought to be frost hardy in USDA zone 8 but difficulties in the recent hard winters suggest upper zone 8, e.g., so best where protection can be provided in cold winter moments.
Perhaps one of the best plants for dryish shade, this large-leaved perennial is famous for decorating the tops of Corinthian columns. Large, translucent, mauve-sea foam spiky flowers appear in summer on tall stems above the very lush foliage. Very architectural. Easy in sun with summer water to dry shade. Can remain evergreen above 20F, dying back below and returning in the spring. Root hardy to 5F, mid USDA zone 7.
This gorgeous large shrub or small tree from southwestern Brazil and northern Argentina can be maintained as a shrub at 6 ft or pushed along into a tree of upwards of 12 ft. The attractions: evergreen leaves backed in a powdery silver, orange-red shredding bark, and sweetly edible white petals surrounding a boss of red stamens. Also, delicious fruit in a good year if a partner is nearby. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Acca sellowiana 'Coolidge'
A self-fruiting pineapple guava!!! This gorgeous plant can be maintained as a large shrub at 6 ft tall or pushed along into a small tree to upwards of 12 ft. These are stunning plants with bluish leaves backed in a powdery silver, orange-red shredding bark, and, in summer, exotic flowers with sweetly edible white petals surrounding a boss of red stamens. Best in sun to part shade with summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Acer aff. sikkimense DJHV 147
Lovely small, evergreen maple from northern Vietnam, collected there by Dan Hinckley. Leaves are longish and un-maple-like, but handsome, with orange-red new growth changing to green. Reaches 20 ft or so in height in sun to dappled shade with plentiful summer moisture. We don’t know the ultimate frost hardiness but assume it to be 10 F, USDA zone 8.
Acer campestre 'Aurea'
golden hedge maple
Small tree or multi-stemmed shrub maple, useful as a street or shade tree and can be pruned to form a dense hedge. To 25 ft tall and wide, this native of Europe and western Asia is deciduous and low-branched with dense foliage, in this form emerging a yellowish green and maturing to dark green over the season. Full sun for best color and well-drained soil with regular summer water. Tolerates some drought once established. Tolerant of city life and frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Acer campestre 'Carnival'
variegated hedge maple
Lovely, bright hedge maple, to only 8-10 ft tall or so in as many years, with foliage that emerges pink, cream, and green and matures to a nearly white with green centers and pink blush on the leaf margins. Fall colors are yellow and white. A bright spot in any garden, tolerating bright sun and part shade as well. Needs regular summer water for best appearance. Deciduous and frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Elegant, indeed, -- probably one of the most elegant maples -- this rare Asian maple has thin and deeply cut, 5 lobed leaves, emerging bright red, then becoming red-bronze and maturing to mid green. Can reach 20-30 ft tall and wide in sun to part shade with regular summer water. Fall color has tones of burgundy and orange! Everyone should have one. Deciduous and frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Acer grosseri var. hersii
Colorful snakebark maple with green bark striped in white. Very distinctive and showy in the garden. Leaves are green until autumn when the turn bright shades of yellow, orange and red -- possibly all at once -- a stunning display. Trees grow quickly when young and then slowly towards a respectable height of 30-35 ft tall, the upright branches creating a somewhat narrow appearance. Best in full to part sun, these need summer water and tolerate boggy conditions. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4. This is a plant with several competing names including A. davidii ssp. grosseri and A. hersii.
Acer palmatum 'Red Filigree Lace'
laceleaf japanese maple
Grafted, weeping maple, to about 6-8 ft tall after a long time, with fabulous dark, maroon-red, foliage, indeed filigreed and one of the most finely cut of the laceleafs. Found as a chance seedling in Sherwood, Oregon by William Curtis and distributed by Iseli Nursery in Boring. Full sun for best color but does well in brightly lit shade. Rich soil and regular summer water for best appearance. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Acer palmatum 'Red Pygmy'
One of the laciest of the red, narrow-lobed maples, this small Japanese maple is slow growing, to 5-8 ft tall by 3-4 ft wide, possibly reaching 15 ft or so over a long time, but fitting well into the small garden. Besides having foliage that emerges red, this sweet creature offers many colors, the leaves darkening towards green in the summer heat and turning an astonishing gold to bright yellow in the fall. Gotta love 'em. Best in rich and well-drained soil with regular summer water. Frost hardy to -15 F, USDA zone 5b.
Acer palmatum 'Seiryu'
Gorgeous and unusual Japanese maple, small -- to 20-25 ft tall -- the only upright growing laceleaf, the foliage very finely cut, very delicate, and light green as it emerges in spring. Fall color is wonderful with a mix of orange, red, and yellow brightening the shorter days. For sun to part shade in rich soil with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Acer palmatum 'Tamuke yama'
This maroon lacy maple grows to 8 ft x 10 ft in sun to dappled shade. If grown in sun, regular moisture is required. Zone 5.
Acer saccharum ssp. skutchii - Steven F. Austin Arboretum
skutcher's sugar maple
A southern form of the sugar maple, a small tree, to only 35 ft, with typical "maple"-shaped leaves, to 6", dark green and leathery, the undersides bluish and complementing the silvery bark. Late deciduous, they do shed some reddened leaves in late winter. New growth is red as well. Sun to part shade with any soil but swamp with occasional summer water during long dry spells. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Acer sempervirenscretan maple
Native to the eastern Mediterranean, this handsome, evergreen to semi evergreen shrub or small tree can reach 20 ft tall or so x 8-10 ft wide with leathery, dark green leaves, either 3-lobed or single, and smooth dark gray bark that matures to a scaly and fissured surface. Yellow spring flowers are inconspicuous showing up as bits of yellow against the dark foliage. For sun to part shade in lean soil with little summer water necessary once established. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Acer shirasawanum 'Jordan'
jordan shirasawa maple
New maple, recently introduced by Italy's Gilardelli Nursery, with foliage that emerges with stunning red-orange tones and matures to a bright yellow over the summer. A vigorous grower these lovely, deciduous trees can reach 15-30 ft tall and wide in sun to part shade -- some western shade protection helping to avoid leaf burn in the hottest climates -- with at least regular summer water. Fall color is spectacular as well. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Acer shirasawanum MoonriseTM
The pink-orange new growth on this lovely full moon maple is outstanding, especially with the pale lime-green older foliage as a backdrop. A small tree and slow-growing, to only 8 ft tall and wide, easily fitting into the small garden. Best in full sun to part shade with regular summer water and rich soil. Frost hardy to -30 F, USDA zone 4.
silver saw palm
Clumping palm, to 30 ft tall at maturity, with leaves that are green above and silver beneath. Can make a hedge or barrier if suckers are allowed to grow to form a thicket. Best in full sun and lots of heat -- think south wall -- with some summer water. Tolerates very wet areas. Frost hardy to the low teens, lower USDA zone 8.
Acorus gramineus 'Masamune'dwarf sweet flag
A very old Japanese cultivar, a true dwarf used mainly in bonsai work, but equally at home in the garden where clumps of grassy foliage in variegations of green and white can reach 6" tall. Slowly spreads in part shade to shade where moisture is consistent. Even tolerates shallow standing water. Also can be tucked here and there to hide the cracks. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Actinidia 'Silver Lining'
A lovely, small, deciduous vine, shared with us by plantsman Ted Stephens. A bit more diminutive than other kiwis, growing to a dainty 10 ft or so, with narrow, platinum leaves and small flowers, truly insignificant unless you happen to be another kiwi. Tolerates sun but the foliage is most attractive in light shade. Enjoys good drainage and regular summer water. Has tested happily through USDA zone 7 winters.
Actinidia pilosulavariegated kiwi
Stunning and rarely seen kiwi with long narrow leaves tipped in a bold white that contrasts brilliantly with the basic green foliage, the coloration appearing and/or becoming more pronounced on mature vines. A deciduous vine, to 15-20 ft, with unusual flowers, clusters of pink blossoms, in spring. Originally from East Asia, these are vigorous growers, best with support in full sun to dappled shade or even full shade. Give them rich soil, moist and well-drained. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Adiantum pedatumnorthern maidenhair fern
Native to eastern North American on wooded slopes and dampish shade sites, this sweet maidenhair fern has frilly fronds arranged in a circle on wiry, nearly black stems to 1-2 ft tall in clumps to 1-2 ft wide. Where happy, can spread by rhizomes to form large colonies, a lovely and delicate groundcover for part to full shade where soil is rich and summer water is plentiful. Often grown indoors as well, tolerating low light. Frost hardy to -40F, USDA zone 3.
Adiantum venustumhimalayan maidenhair fern
Striking maidenhair fern, native to China and the Himalayas, with lacy foliage that emerges bronzy pink and ages to a gentle green that stands out again the black stems. To only 6” tall, these spread slowly by underground rhizomes to form a clump up to 3 ft across. Light shade with plentiful moisture is best and encourages faster growth. Evergreen to the mid teens F, mid USDA zone 8 and root hardy to at least –20F, USDA zone 5. Also does well in containers, indoors and out.
Aeonium 'Cyclops'giant red aeonium
Reddish-bronze leaves with a green “eye” in the center are a standout on this large aeonium, to 4-5 ft tall and 3-4 ft wide. A cross between the darker A. ‘Zwartkop’ and the more wavy leaved A. undulatum, these succulents are cold hardy to 25F, USDA zone 9b, so best in pots or a very! protected area. Well-drained soil in sun or shade with little water for plants in the ground, a bit more in containers.
Aeonium 'Jolly Green'
Jolly green indeed! A low-growing succulent that remains under 1 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide -- wider over time, with multiple green rosettes, each 8-10" wide. Pale, greenish yellow flowers cluster among the leaves in summer. Sun and well-drained soil is best with little water required in summer and almost none in winter. Frost hardy to 25F, USDA zone 9b, so, where temperatures drop lower, best in containers with winter protection.
Aeonium 'Strybing Red'
Another sedum relative, this with 4" rosettes of slightly toothed leaves that turn deep red in winter or in bright light. Forms clumps to 18" wide. Where temperatures don't drop below 25F and plants can be protected from freezing, these are fine in the garden. Otherwise best in pots that winter indoors or in a very! protected garden area. Well-drained soil in sun or shade with little water for plants in the ground, a bit more in containers. Frost hardy to 25F, mid USDA zone 9.
Very popular, shrub forming, sedum relative from the Canary Islands with rosettes of nearly black leaves on gray-brown stems rising to 3-4 ft. Yellow, star-shaped flowers appear in clusters in late winter and early spring on mature plants. For sunny coastal areas or part shade inland with occasional but deep summer water. Frost hardy to the mid 20s F, mid USDA zone 9, and a superb container plant to bring inside to a bright spot where temperatures drop lower. Also found as A. arboreum 'Zwartkop' and occasionally as A. manriqueorum 'Schwartzkopf'.
Aeonium arboreum 'Variegatum'
This sedum relative has a branching growth habit producing compact, variegated, succulent rosettes to approximately 12" tall. Prefers full to part sun, well-drained soil, and occasional water, especially during the growing season. Excellent as a container plant that can be brought inside if temperatures fall below the upper 20’s F. Frost hardy to mid USDA zone 9.
Aeonium canariensecanary island aeonium
Another wonderful succulent for the gardener’s palette. Growing up to 3 ft tall and wide, this rosette-forming plant does very well in the garden where temperatures don't drop below 25F, mid USDA zone 9, and plants are protected from freezing. Otherwise, best in pots or as a temporary garden display. Does best in sun with sheltering from hottest afternoon rays and a bit of summer water now and again. Too cool!
Aeonium canariense var. virgineum
From the Canary Islands, this virgin aeonium probably won't flower for you, but its pale green, aromatic rosettes of fuzzy, 8" leaves are very satisfying. Full to part sun with occasional summer water. Frost hardy to about 20F or so, the bottom of USDA zone 9, so best used as a container plant where temperatures are harsher and kept indoors in a bright but cool place with occasional water in winter.
Aeonium domesticum 'Variegatum'
Compact evergreen succulent with loosely held rosettes on short stems, the succulent green leaves variegated in creamy white to yellow. Bright yellow flowers appear in summer. To only 12" tall. Prefers well-drained and lean soil and, during the winter growing season, bright light and regular water. In summer keep cool and shaded with occasional careful water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9b; protect below 30F. Cheeerful container plant.
Open rosettes, to 3-4" wide, of bluish green leaves with red edges top this multi-branched shrub from the Canary Islands. To up to 2 ft tall and wide, with late spring flowers of pale yellow to white that rise above the foliage. Full sun to light shade on the coast or light to full shade inland. Prefers well-drained soil and little to no summer water. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9 so, where winter temperatures are colder, best in a pot with winter protection.
Dinner Plate Aeonium
A flattened, plate-like Aeonium from the Canary Islands. This succulent has such beautiful geometry and form. A true plant curiosity indeed. Easy to grow as long as given excellent drainage. Good in containers outside, and sunny windowsills indoors. Grows in sun to part sun. Low water. Hardy to USDA zone 9
Stems to 3 ft tall hold rosettes 8” across with bright green leaves that ...yes...undulate on the edges. Yellow flowers emerge from the center of the rosette. Sun to part shade with normal water. Only frost hardy to USDA zone 9, so best in pots that can be protected when temperatures drop below freezing.
Aesculus californica - Oregon collectioncalifornia buckeye
Large deciduous shrub to small tree, typically multi-stemmed, native to dry slopes in California and southwestern Oregon. Compound leaves have 5 leaflets, dark green and finely toothed. Hummingbirds love the cylindrical panicles of sweet-scented, creamy white flowers, pink tinged in early summer. The fig-shaped fruits that follow open to a stunning, shiny chestnut...of the non-edible sort. Accepts summer moisture and tolerates heat and summer drought, often beginning to drop leaves in mid summer. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Agapanthus 'Ed Carman'
Named for Ed Carman, the famed San Jose nurseryman, a lovely perennial with variegated leaves to 24-28" tall, striped in pale yellow and chartreuse, and huge trusses of pure white flowers standing above the foliage in mid to late summer. Best in sun with summer water. Has been deciduous but frost hardy for us in Pacific Northwest, USDA zone 8 and would possibly into zone 7 with mulch for winter protection.
Agapanthus 'Midnight Blue'
lily of the nile
Gorgeous globes of deep blue-violet flowers on 2.5 ft stalks appear in July and August above 18-24” clumps of dark green, strap-like leaves, narrower than other forms. This Irish selection of a South African native loves sun to part shade, plenty of fertilizer in summer, and well-drained soil. Needs water during the growing season but resents too much water at any time. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Agastache 'Apricot Sunrise'
Golden-orange, tubular flowers on delicate spikes are adored by hummingbirds and also by butterflies. Grows 2ft x 1ft. Full sun. USDA zone 6. Occasional summer water. Drought tolerant once established.
Agastache 'Astello Indigo'
Spires of deep purple blooms on a dense, compact plant. Long flowering period and especially attractive planted en masse in the sunny border planted 12" apart. Attractive to butterflies. Foliage has a nice, sweet herbal smell and can be dried much like you would lavender. Full to part sun and drought tolerant once established, though occasional summer water prolongs blooming season. Height 24". USDA zone 8.
Agastache 'Burning Bright'
Stunning and fun coral-red hummingbird mint that grows to 2-3' in height and, over time, similar width. Narrow, gray-green aromatic leaves. Plant in radiant full sun or light shade in the perennial border. Really shines when planted next to low bunch grasses like stipa tenuissima or variegated carex or miscanthus. Moderate watering in well-drained soil. USDA zone 8.
Agastache 'Licorice Candy'
Introduced in 2013 by Andy and Melissa Van Hevelingen of Van Hevelingen Herb Nursery in Newberg, Oregon, this hyssop variety has been selected for its winter hardiness in Pacific Northwest gardens, a noted challenge for hyssops in our area. To 3-4' in height and 2-3' in width. Full to part sun. Flowers buds are deep coral and fade, once opened, to pink. Agastaches have a strong anise flavor and can be used plentifully, or sparely, in salads, soups, and stews. USDA zone 6.
Agave 'Blue Glow'
Handsome, small agave, its stiff leaves -- to 1-1.5" wide and blue-green with red margins edged in yellow and a red terminal spine -- are particularly lovely when backlit. Plants are small, only 1-2 ft tall and wide at maturity. This hybrid between A. ocahui and A. attenuata was created by Kelly Griffin. It is solitary, enjoying full sun, good drainage, and little summer water. Frost hardy to at least 15F, mid USDA zone 8, with good drainage, of course, and possibly lower.
Agave 'Burnt Burgundy'century plant
Probable hybrid of A. victoriae-reginae and A. pelona from Gregg Star who chose it for its unusual, smooth, burgundy-tinted leaves with dark margins. Plants are small, to only 1 ft to 18" tall, and slowly form clumps to expand their presence in full to part sun and lean, well-drained soil. Frost hardy so far to a little under 20F, just below USDA zone 9, in our now Eucalyptus-shaded agave patch, but a fine pot specimen in colder climates. (Eucalyptus mulch optional.)
Agave 'Grey Puppy'
Aptly named for its tendency to generate pups, this cultivar is similar to A. parrasana. To 12-18 inches tall in tight clusters of mostly triangular grey leaves with black-tinged spines. Great for containers or in the rock garden in full sun, dry conditions and well-drained soil. USDA zone 8b at least if kept dry.
Agave 'Kissho Kan'lucky crown century plant
Stunning blue-gray leaves edged in white make this symmetrical rosette an outstanding addition to any collection. Yellow leaf spines darken to reddish brown adding distinction. To 15” tall x 18” wide and slowly offsetting. Needs light, and well-drained soil. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9. Best in container protected from winter wet where temperatures drop into the teens F or sit in the low 20s.
Agave 'Ruth Bancroft'shark skin agave
Found in the hills near Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico, where 3 century plants converge (perhaps collide). This selection, from the California garden of Ruth Bancroft, has an exquisitely fine, platinum-colored sheen with no white markings, clearly showing its A. victoria-reginae and A. scabra parentage. To 2-3 ft tall x 3-4 ft wide. For bright sun and well-drained soil with little summer irrigation necessary. Great in containers. Cold hardy to 10F or so, USDA zone 8. Also known as A. ‘Sharkskin’ for its leaf color and texture.
Agave aff. macroculmis T73-99
These, from the mountains of Tamaulipas in Nuevo Leon, Mexico at 7120 ft, are almost undoubtably a stable hybrid between A. montana or possibly A. gentryi - both high mountain dwellers - and A. scabra as it sneaks up toward the passes. Light-blue leaves, deeply dentate, form rosettes to 3ft. Tolerates moderate shade if well drained, otherwise full sun. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8, possibly below 10F if kept dry in winter.
Agave americana 'Cornelius'
Miniature form of the monstrous century plant, forming rosettes to under 2 ft, each leaf centered green with pleasing cream to gold leaf margins. In stunted form gives whole plant the appearance of a star. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 8 or a bit colder if dry and under an the eaves or another protected spot in winter. Either way a fabulous pot plant. Full sun.
Agave americana 'Mediopicta 'Dwarf Alba''dwarf white-striped century plant
Beautifully variegated, diminutive form spreading to no more than 2-3 ft, with rosettes of beautifully curved leaves colored a dusty blue-green with a wide creamy stripe in the center. Slowly offsets in bright light and well-drained soil with occasional summer water but lovely as a single plant. As luck would have it, this form is hardier to frost that many, with plants surviving 10 to 15F, USDA zone 8, in soil that is dry in winter. Pull in or cover below 20F or so in areas of winter wet.
Agave americana 'No-Po'
Agave americana 'Opal'opal century plant
A variegated agave from the larger group often just called Marginata’ or ‘Variegata,’ this one most pleasingly variegated in creamy yellow on upright, blue-green foliage with sharp spines. To 4-5 ft tall and wide. Shared with us by plantsman Tony Avent as having been hardy in coastal Virginia. Though it has been nuked in North Carolina below 10F with winter moisture, it does show promise as being one of the tougher of the americana group as a very similar plant has grown unharmed in Portland gardens for a number of years. We expect at least 15F, mid USDA zone 8, and possibly lower if winter dry. In any zone a striking pot or container plant. Sun, well-drained soil, and little summer water.
Agave americana ssp. protoamericana
A robust, stout, particularly silver-blue form from northeastern Mexico, the 6 ft or larger rosettes have proven a bit more moisture and cold resilient than its cousins. Surviving temperatures of 10 to 15F, USDA zone 8, with good drainage, it reaches its greatest potential in large containers or in the open ground. Makes a fine focal point.
Agave bracteosaspider agave
Looking more like a bromeliad, this agave’s lax, spineless leaves are very choice. Polycarpic and rare in cultivation, these plants are found clinging to the high rocky mountains between Saltillo and Monterey in northeastern Mexico growing with pines and, yes, even Douglas fir and they love the cool summer nights of the Northwest. Slow growing, each rosette to 1 ft tall x 18" wide, gradually forming a wider clump. Sun to part shade in well drained soil with occasional summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, when kept dry in winter.
Agave filifera ssp. schidigera 'White Stripe'
Agave funkiana 'Blue Haze'
Selected for its striking foliage, the powdery leaves toothed and narrowing to a sharply pointed tip with a pale to nearly white mid-stripe. Rosettes can reach up to 2 ft tall and wide. Sun and well-drained soil required. Drought tolerant but occasional summer water speeds growth and generally enhances the appearance. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8. Otherwise a happy container plant.
Agave funkiana 'Fatal Attraction'
Another selection of the already handsome A. funkiana, this with darker green leaves and and pale green midstripe down the center. Leaves are narrow and toothed, ending in a dark and pointed spine tip. For sun and well-drained soil, as one might expect. Drought tolerant but occasional summer water speeds growth. Less frost hardy than the species, to 15F, mid USDA zone 8 if kept dry in winter. Does well in containers.
Agave geminifloratwin-flowered agave
A rare relative in the Agave filifera group, this southwestern Mexico native has intriguing deep green rosettes of rubbery, somewhat weeping leaves with enchanting silver-white filifers toward the center of the rosette. Can even produce a short trunk. A tender species damaged under about 20F, USDA zone 9, it is best in a tall pot where its weeping foliage can spread out and over the rim. When the plants reach 1 ft. or more in diameter, they produce a spike of flowers well over 5 ft tall at which time, hopefully, they also produce an offset or two. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9, these are tender and damaged under 20F.
Agave gentryi 'Jaws'hardy century plant
From an intriguing group in an intriguing and floristically rich part of the world, northeastern Mexico's Sierra La Peña, where three agaves inhabit the upper slopes from 8-9,000 ft, this one now accepted as the species A. gentryi. This selection, made by the Yucca Do boys in the early 1990s, has beautiful gray-green rosettes of sharply pointed leaves with deeply indented leaf margins, double, reddish teeth, and embossed impressions of the older leaves on emerging new growth. Has been very slow to offset. To about 24-36" tall, this selection, found amid pines and oaks in light shade on rubbly limestone outcrops, accepts a myriad of garden conditions but resents wet leaves sitting in the crown. So far, unharmed in upper USDA zone 7 winters.
Agave gentryi x montana
Collected originally in the Sierra Madre Orientale of northeast Mexico in an area where the majestic A. gentryi meets the more refined and smaller A. montana. The beautiful silver-gray color represented here suggests that A. scabra, the universal partygoer of that region, has come along for the ride as well. Fast growing to 4 ft wide, this stunning plant is tolerant of garden moisture -provided drainage is good - and prefers full sun for best color. Cold hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
The name A. gracilis applies to a group of plants in northwestern Texas into New Mexico, natural hybrids between A. lecheguilla and A. neomexicana. This forms blue-gray rosettes of narrow leaves with horizontal striping. Rosettes of about 12” make a dense colony if allowed. Bright light and average to gritty, well-drained soil. Collected in the Guadeloupe Mountains in southeastern New Mexico at 6200 ft making frost hardiness probable well into USDA zone 6.
Agave havardianahavard's century plant
One of the best and hardiest agaves, with olive-green or, often, dusty-blue, curving leaves in the classic agave shape. Big, robust, and wickedly spined, usually as a solitary rosette though sometimes with pups. To 2 ft tall and wide. Best with good drainage and full sun. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6, or lower. Found in Texas, New Mexico, and Coahuila, Mexico.
For the masochists among us, this most intriguing indeed. Extremely sharp and jagged century plant, a narrow endemic of warm southern Mexico look more like a great white shark's tooth than a plant. The blue-green leaves are edged and spined in white. Growing 2 to 3 feet high and wide in full sun. Alas, only frost hardy into the upper 20s, USDA zone 9.9. Best in container protected from winter wet. Fabulous container plant, nowhere near helium balloons.
Agave lophantha 'Splendida'
A brightly-colored, compact agave native to Mexico and south Texas that reaches no more than 12" tall and 18" wide. Dagger-like leaves are dark green with a light green interior stripe and possess serrated teeth along its margins. This exceptional good-looking cultivar is great in pots and can be planted in mass for great effect. Can be planted in full or sun or light shade. Hardy to 0 degrees.
A tough-as-nails species, closely related to A. parryi but with narrower, deep blue leaves held upright and out and adorned with gray marginal spines and long, terminal brownish red spines. Slow growing to an eventual 1-2 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide, offsetting to form colonies. After 15 years or so, produces yellow flowers on a 12 ft stalk! Full sun and lean, well-drained soil with little, if any, summer water. This native of southeastern New Mexico is one of the hardiest species; tolerating temperatures to -20F, USDA zone 5, with good drainage.
Agave ocahuinerf® spined agave
This symmetrical and architectural century plant from Sonora -- to under 18" to 2 ft with shiny forest-green leaves and cream to mahogany edges -- is underutilized in both garden and container. The flowers stems are quite narrow, to 12 ft or more in height after several years, but it is really the unusual rosette we are after. Our favorite specimen is in a deep brown Chinese urn that reflects the color of the leaf margins. Low to medium nutrients maintain compact growth. This collection, by Greg Starr from one of its northern sites a few miles south of the Arizona border, has been frost hardy to nearly 10F with good drainage. Protect in containers below upper USDA zone 8.
Agave ornithobromamaguey pajarito
Wonderful, short-trunk forming species from subtropical western Mexico, these collections from Sinaloa at under 500 ft elevation -- did we say warm? Closely related to A. geminiflora, the 18" rosettes, with extremely narrow, flexible leaves of dark green, are beautifully framed by a gazillion curly white filifers or hairs. Quite happy with a fair amount of summer moisture; winter drought decreases chance of problems. Full sun to dappled shade, in a bright window, or your nearest lava outcrop. We have had this in our garden, hardy for the last few years with luck. Should be protected below the mid 20s F, so best for mildest parts of the world or as fabulously small-scale container plants. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9.
Agave ovatifoliawhale's tongue agave
One of the most beautiful century plants, found in the Sierra de Lampazos in the early 80s by the late great plantsman, Lynn Lowrey and only named in 2004 by agave-ist Greg Starr. Growing in a limited range of pinyon/juniper/oak country above 8000 ft, the exceedingly wide, beautifully toothed and chalky blue rosettes can reach over 5 ft in width giving the appearance of a much more tropical species. Has proven to be one of the best performers where cold and wet is experienced in winter and has, thus far, proven hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7, or even a bit lower. Sun to dappled shade; drainage is always a plus.
Agave ovatifolia 'Frosty Blue'
whale's tongue agave
A Cistus introduction. This mega-century plant, first discovered by Lynn Lowrey in northeastern Mexico some 30 years ago and just named recently by agaveist Greg Starr, might be the largest of the cold hardy agaves, reaching eventually to 6-8 ft with beautifully formed, blue leaves. Our selection, made from a more recent batch, has a distinct, pale aquamarine hue with the classically shaped leaves, cupped, upright, and slightly outward bending. The species has taken the cold and wet of Dallas TX, for instance, so upper USDA zone 7 for cold hardiness; possibly colder in gritty or dry soil. Fabo container plant.
Agave parryi var. huachucensis
From, yes, the Huachuca Mountains in southern Arizona and into northern Sonora, this beautiful gray-blue century plant forms a classic 20-24” artichoke shape, eventually offsetting to form small colonies. From mid-elevation (5-7000 ft) this, though not the most frost hardy of the parryi clan, takes 10 to 15F in stride, mid to upper USDA zone 8, lower if very well drained. Full sun and summer water in Mediterranean areas.
Agave parryi var. huachucensis 'Huachuca Blue'
A Cistus introduction, bluer than its near relation. Our fabulous selection -- from 7000 ft in the Huachuca Mountains in southern Arizona and into northern Sonora -- exhibits particularly steel-blue leaves in the classic 20-24” artichoke shape, eventually offsetting and forming small colonies. Full sun in lean, well-drained soil with occasional summer water in dry climates. Though not the most frost hardy of the A. parryi clan, still takes 10F in stride, USDA zone 8, and lower if very soil is well drained.
Agave parviflora ssp. flexiflora
Another rare plant from southeastern Arizona and further south with small jewel-like rosettes of under 6" consisting deep olive-green leaves marked white with occasional filifers and eventually producing narrow spikes of red-tinged flowers. Occasionally offsetting -- rather than off-putting. For sun and well-drained soil. Accepts average moisture if the soil is well-drained. Frost hardy at 12 to 15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Agave salmiana var. feroxgiant agave
Huge, scary agave, to 4-6 ft tall x 6-12 ft wide over time, with an urn-shaped silhouette made up of foot wide, gray leaves. Originating in Mexico, these are common as accents in gardens with Mediterranean climates, as they rarely flower. Sun, good drainage, and very little summer water is necessary. Cold hardy in USDA zone 9, to 20-25F. Good for containers.
Agave shrevei 'Gigantea-Dentata'
Agave sp. salmiana var. ferox 'Variegata'
An exciting selection of Agave salmiana var. ferox that has strong yellow bands along the margins and reaches 5-6' in height and width. Blooms infrequently, but when it does sends up a single, large inflorescence bearing clusters of yellow flowers that attracts birds, bees, and neighbors with cameras. Plant in full sun with little to no watering. Hardy to 20 degrees, possibly even 15 degrees (Zone 8b).
Agave striata - Espadina form
Found in the wilds of northern Mexico, a symmetric plant that clumped in what appeared to be piles of tumbleweeds from a distance. Grows to about 18” x 18” with leaves tinted blue, often tipped purple-pink in full sun. Water sensitive - needs great drainage. Hardy into the upper teens. Sun. Cold hardy to 16F, mid USDA zone 8.
Agave toumeyana var. bellatoumey's century plant
A rare and unusual plant with particularly dense rosettes of narrow, dark green leaves with striking white markings and decorative filifers, or threads, as an added attraction. Extremely compact, each rosette maturing to around 8-9" in diameter. A colonizer from high elevations of central Arizona, this form makes a fine rock garden specimen if excellent drainage and bright light can be maintained. Protect from excess winter moisture. Cold hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6, or below in dry soil.
Beautiful agave from N. Mexico. Olive-green rosette of blunt black-spined leaves marked with wide silvery white striations. Slow growing to 18” tall and wide, offsetting slowly. Rated to 12F , bottom of USDA zone 8; has survived in dry winter places, e.g. Denver, CO, to well below 0F, USDA zone 7 and below. A beautiful pot specimen.
Agave victoriae-reginae 'Porcupine'porcupine queen victoria agave
This selection from Yucca Do Nursery has indeed white-tipped, porcupine quill-like leaves with gentle patterning on a symmetric plant (think of the shape of an artichoke), making it a more dazzling creature than the typical Agave victoriae-reginae. Slow growing but worth the wait. Bright light, good drainage, and, preferably, protection from winter wet. Frost hardy to below 10 to 15F, USDA zone 8, depending on moisture.
Agave weberi 'Arizona Star'
A most fortunate find at Mountain States Nursery of this round, blue-green century plant, to 2 ft, with leaves that are soft for the genus and, in this clone, streaked and edged creamy yellow. Very easy with bright light, good drainage, and occasional summer water. Best kept dry in winter. Vigorous and frost hardy to 15F or so, mid USDA zone 8. Otherwise, a fabulous container plant.
Agave x leopoldii
Compact and architectural century plant, a hybrid cross of A. filifera and A. schidigera brought to us by Yucca Do Nursery, the narrow, slightly curved leaves with a gray-blue-going-green sheen complete with a few stripes and polka dots. Offsets eventually. A most attractive, small container plant, rarely growing more than 18” x 24", and a great addition to the dry or rock garden in a sunny site with gritty soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8b, to 15F or so and as low as 10F if protected from overhead moisture.
Akebia longiracemosa 'Victors Secret'chocolate vine
Most unusual for the genus with attractive evergreen leaves, almost butterfly-like, and racemes, to 5" or more, of vibrant purple-pink flowers lasting a long season. Otherwise the same fascinating (intimidating?) fruit aging to a nearly metallic blue. All this on a vine of about 10 ft; not as vigorous as some others. Full sun for best flowering though perfectly at home in shade. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7, to just above 0F.
Graceful large shrub to small tree, to 6-8 ft tall x 3-4 ft wide, for a dampish woodland setting in well-drained soil. Indeed, Sycamore-like, deciduous leaves gracefully held on parallel branches with white to cream flowers hanging beneath in late spring to early summer.
Allium 'August Confection'
Small, NON invasive allium, a selection by plantsman Mark McDonough that forms small, handsome clumps of grassy foliage, to only 5" tall, and produces dark, ruddy pink flowers in mid to late summer. Sun to part shade and fairly drought tolerant though accepting of summer water as well. Frost hardy to at least 0F, USDA zone 7. Said to attract butterflies and repel deer. Full name Alium senescens spp. montanum 'August Confection'.
Alnus formosana [Tayuling 2004]
Native to Taiwan at mid to high elevations, this was of interest to us for its evergreen habit, the glossy green leaves holding fast, we expect, in temperatures down to 18 to 20F. Though loving damp conditions, these do not require quite the riparian situation of many alders. Fast growing, to 30-40 ft tall, in sun to part shade with summer water. Stand back! Ultimate cold hardiness is not yet tested but these will remain healthy, though deciduous, to the bottom of USDA zone 8.
Alocasia x 'Portora'
The Arnold Schwarzenegger of Alocasias, A. 'Portora' is a muscular beast , growing 6-8' or more in a single season as a juvenile and 10-12' as an adult. Magnificent leaves are heavily scalloped with thick, ropy veins. Plant in mostly shade. You will likely believe this plant has died during winter before it reincarnates itself in spring much like Arnold did in the first Terminator film. Likes frequent watering during summer, but too much water during winter, especially when young, is a no-no. Plant in rich, well-drained site with thick layer of winter mulch. Hardy to 10-15 degrees.
Aloe 'Blue Elf'
A very attractive clumping, upright, blue-leaved aloe that sends up purple-brown stalks of bright orange flowers in late winter to early spring. In general, a tight and compact plant, to 2' x 2'. Due to its somewhat upright habit, it looks best in a small, low pot or planted in the ground in a sunny location. It will do fine in shade, but will lose its blue color and will not flower much, if at all. Hummingbirds would flock to each of their orange flower spikes, if only they were around in February. Water infrequently. Zone 9.
Aloe 'Brass Hat'
A most wonderful Hummel hybrid with dark bronzy leaves and rosettes forming clumps of 6” to 1 ft adorned throughout the year with brassy orange flowers. The cross, as follows -- A. (A. haworthioides x A. bakeri) x ((A. descoingsii x A. calcairophylla) x A. bakeri) -- seems algebraic and daunting. The plants are not. Alas, frost hardy only to about 25F, mid USDA zone 9, so take precautions. Great container plant. Keep dry in winter.
Aloe 'Delta Lights'
This aloe variegata cross produces 8" rosettes of wide herringboned patterned leaves of light green and cream. Quickly offsets to form large specimen, to 18" or more. Orange-red flowers produced primarily in late winter or spring. Fine indoor on container plant. Keep reasonably dry in winter, Zone 9b or above.
Very nice, small aloe hybrid, the rough textured leaves opening green with brown spots and maturing to overall brown with hits of green. To 2-4" tall x 6" wide. Best in well drained soil in full to part sun. Frost hardy only to 25F, mid USDA zone 9, so best kept in containers to be moved indoors in winter and allowed to dry a bit before watering. Both heat and drought tolerant in the ground. A nice addition to the succulent collection outdoors or in.
Aloe 'Lime Fizz'
Yet another of the small-statured Aloe hybrids, Lime Fizz is a slow-growing summer bloomer that can tolerate some shade though not too much or colors will fade. Orange teeth, white bumps, blue-green background with light coral orange flowers. Makes a great houseplant. USDA zone 9b
Aloe 'Lizard Lips'
An easy-growing hybrid from John Bleck with long, thin, greenish bronze leaves with white markings. Grows to a diminutive 6-8 inches tall in sun or part shade. Water during the growing season but keep dry in winter. Great houseplant. USDA zone 9.
A new aloe hybrid with green leaves that age to blue and is textured with orange marmalade-like semaphores. Prized by collectors for its technicolor dreamcoat appearance and bumpy, moon-like surface. If it were a dragon, it would possess magic beyond this world and engulf evil with flames of pure gold. Plant in containers and water infrequently. Zone 9b.
A new aloe hybrid that is virtually pure white with tiny dot-matrix-like markings all along its leaves. Slow-growing, but clumping and pupping easily. This is a handsome aloe to pair with others in a pot, especially with more typically green and blue-green hybrids. Move indoors in winter unless you live in zone 9b or above. Orange-red flowers open atop slender stalks in warm conditions. Prefers very good light, but no direct sun.
Enormously pleasing small aloe with very light green, almost white, serrated leaves and dark green spotting. Several spikes of orange-red blooms emerge from the center in late spring and possibly again in fall, if you're nice. Excellent in containers or as a kitchen window specimen. Part sun with occasional watering.Not frost tolerant.
This dramatic upright hybrid to 18" or more sports blue-green leaves, toothed and edged in red as well as coral red flowers. Stalks will branch from the base. Best in warm conditions, i.e. Zone 10, or in containers. Bright light, let dry in winter and between waterings.
Aloe 'Walmsley Blue'
Small but fast-growing aloe. Each rosette about 6" but clumping quickly to 12" or more with 3" steely-blue leaves that turn pink at the edges and near the teeth. Easy with summer moisture, but keep rather dry in winter. Outdoors only in the mildest areas, zone 9b or greater, but fab-o in containers and as houseplants in bright spots.
Haworthia-like creature from high elevations of South Africa forming rosettes to 5-6” with each leaf spiked and mottled with cream zigzag markings. Slowly offsets, clumping to form wonderful architectural patterns. Dappled to full sun, decent drainage, and summer water where dry. Probably the most cold hardy, non grass-like Aloe, accepting at least 10F, USDA zone 8, and below into upper zone 7 when planted in the ground. Possibly even lower if kept dry in winter.
short leaf aloe
Native to South Africa's Western Cape, this aloe is a bit more cold hardy and moisture hardy than its relatives. A charming addition to the dry garden with its rosettes of fat blue-gray-green leaves with waxy white surfaces and tiny white spines along the edges. The small rosettes, to 6" tall x 1 ft wide, offset over time forming larger clumps decorated in late spring with orange flowers held above the leaves on taller stems. Best in full sun and accepting of both drought and a bit of summer water. Frost hardy to 15-20F, upper USDA zone 8. One of the best for pot culture.
Gorgeous aloe, a Kelly Griffin hybrid and Proven Winners selection, with rosettes of succulent leaves edged in red and spotted in white, eventually reaching 2-4" tall and wide. Best in well drained soil in full to part sun. Frost hardy only to 25F, mid USDA zone 9, so best kept in containers to be moved indoors in winter. Both heat and drought tolerant in the ground. Let potted plants dry a bit before watering. A nice addition to the succulent collection outdoors or in.
Tanzaninan aloe whose leaves, like a chameleon, turn from bright green to vibrant orange in warm, sunny conditions. Rosettes stay low, but clumps can grow to an impressive 2' across. This is one of the most attractive aloes in a container or rock garden and sends up flower spikes in late winter. Protect from frost, especially if temperatures last for more than a few hours. Water very occasionally, if at all. Zone 9b.
Gorgeous aloe hybrid, a Proven Winners selection with rosettes of striking succulent leaves, white-edged with white markings - elongated spots -- on green, eventually reaching 6-8" tall and wide. Best in well drained soil in full to part sun. Frost hardy only to 25F, mid USDA zone 9, so best kept in containers to be moved indoors in winter. Both heat and drought tolerant in the ground. Let potted plants dry a bit before watering. A nice addition to the succulent collection outdoors or in.
Small, low-growing, clumping aloe from South Africa that blooms, check it, red-orange flowers on 12" flower spikes in late winter. Each rosette reaches 8" in width. Gray-green, waxy leaves are studded with white nodules and teeth on their surface and edges. Excellent indoor plant or outdoor container plant that is hardy to the low 20's. Also great for plating in small crevices and pockets of rock walls. Little to no irrigation required. Full sun to light shade.
Lovely aloe with rosettes of succulent green leaves with pale cross-stripping. Blooms in later winter to early spring with tubular, peachy orange flowers on tall stems. Enjoys full to part sun, good drainage, and occasional water. Frost hardy to 15F, USDA zone 8b with protection from excess winter wet and weather. Can be brought indoors for an easier winter life.
Gorgeous aloe hybrid, a Kelly Griffin and Proven Winners selection with rosettes of succulent leaves spotted white with brown "teeth" on the edges, eventually reaching 8-10" tall by 14" wide. Best in well drained soil in full to part sun. Both heat and drought tolerant in the ground. Frost hardy only to 25F, mid USDA zone 9, so best kept in containers to be moved indoors in winter. Let potted plants dry a bit before watering. A nice addition to the succulent collection outdoors or in.
Aloe sinkatana x peckii
Stunning aloe, the rosettes of pointed leaves variegated in zigzag patterns of green and white with red teeth along the leaf margins. Late summer flowers are in shades of red-orange, gold and yellow. Best in sun but tolerates some shade. Requires lean, well-drained soil and water to establish with little thereafter except in extreme heat or drought. Frost hardy only to the upper 20s F, USDA zone 9b, so best in a pot moved indoors for a winter vacation.
Amaryllis belladonna - typical West Coast clone
This is a sweet little succulent from South Africa, perfect for windowsill or mixed container or in the rock garden. Small, 3" rosettes of chubby, triangular leaves of green and purple are topped with showy pink-purple flowers in late spring. Give it bright light, well drained soil, and let it dry out between watering. Once thought to be tender, they have proven frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Anchusa azurea 'Dropmore'
This member of the Borage family is a great addition to the perennial border or anywhere a splash of blue will do. The rosette of coarse leaves eventually send up flowering stalks which produce brilliant, glowing azure blue flowers. Full sun. Occasional summer water. The stalks stand 3ft high. Blooms in mid summer. Hardy to USDA zone 3
Cool evergreen Australian grass that turns a glowing orange in the winter, fading to a orangish-spring green in summer. Full to half sun with occasional water. This grass is all about texture and highlighting the garden with warm earthy tones. Think backlit by the sun or spilling out near a sidewalk edge. Cold hardy to 5 degrees F, mid USDA zone 7.
Anigozanthos 'Amber Velvet'
New red-flowering hybrid kangaroo paw with strappy leaves and 3' tall flower spikes. The Velvet series are very tough and resistant to black spot. Useful and showy as a mass planting or planted alongside ornamental grasses, Euphorbia martinii, or sorter, tufted grasses like Carex testacea. Also handsome as a container specimen. Loves full sun and well-drained soil. Moderately frost hardy. High-nectar flowers, appearing in spring and summer, attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Cold hardy to 20-25 degrees. Zone 9a.
Anigozanthos 'Gold Velvet'
New gold-flowering hybrid kangaroo paw with strappy leaves and 3' tall flower spikes. The Velvet series are very tough and resistant to black spot. Useful and showy as a mass planting or planted alongside ornamental grasses, Euphorbia martinii, or sorter, tufted grasses like Carex testacea. Also handsome as a container specimen. Loves full sun and well-drained soil. Moderately frost hardy. High-nectar flowers, appearing in spring and summer, attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Cold hardy to 20-25 degrees. Zone 9a.
Aquilegia vulgaris 'Black Barlow'
Fabulous dark, nearly black-purple flowers mark this columbine, bred for the cut flower trade and perfect in the garden with a bit of shade. Foliage is blue green and delicate on stems to 20" tall in clumps to 12" wide. Best in rich soil with average summer water. Frost hardy to -20, USDA zone 6.
Arachniodes standishiiupside-down fern
Much sought-after and hard to find fern from Japan and Korea with handsome evergreen to semi-evergreen fronds that are almost frilly in appearance and from 1-3 ft long. Forms clumps that reach 2-3 ft wide after many years, spreading by underground rhizomes. For light to deep shade with average summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Aralia cordata 'Sun King' [seedlings]
Seedlings of this wonderfully bold perennial with dazzling golden foliage, often on red stems. Grows quickly to 3 ft tall and wide, with spikes of aralia type white flowers in summer followed by purple-black berries. Lovely in a woodland, planted in front of darker foliage, say broad-leaved evergreens, or under-planted with such lovelies as black mondo grass (Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens'). Enjoys consistently moist soil and a bit of shade at least in the hottest climates. Frost hardy to USDA zone 4.
Araucaria araucanamonkey puzzle tree
A heritage tree, given away as seedlings by the Chilean exhibition at Portland, Oregon’s 1905 World’s Fair and planted throughout the city. A coniferous evergeen growing slowly to a stately 30 ft tall x 15-20 ft wide or so in cultivation the crown rounding in maturity. Leaves are tough, dark-green, sharp-pointed, and triangular. Specimens should be carefully placed not to compete with other trees and to avoid nearby pathways as the 15 lb cones can maim! Full sun to partial shade in moist, well-drained soil with regular summer water. Cold hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Cousin of the madrone, this stunning hybrid has handsome red bark that exfoliates to a smooth, glowing tan. Strongly upright, to 30 ft or more, with shiny, evergreen leaves and clusters of bell flowers, white blushed pink, followed by fat “strawberry” fruit. Excellent drainage is necessary for the survival of these wonderful creatures along with lean soil, hot sun and NO summer water after planting. Cold hardy to brief moments in the mid teens F, mid USDA zone 8.
Arbutus arizonicaarizona madrone
A small, delicate tree, to 15-20 ft in the garden and possibly taller with great age. As with others species, the leaves are glossy dark green with paler undersides, and the flowers are white to pale pink urns that appear in early spring and produce orange fruit lasting into winter. Young bark peels to a somewhat patchy cream color and older bark is mostly gray and plated with large areas of exposed reddish patches. Very picturesque. Though found in dry regions of the southwest and drought tolerant, this tree also enjoys regular garden water, but requires well drained soil. Frost hardy easily to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Large shrub to small tree, to 15 ft in 15 years and 30 ft eventually, with small pearly pink flowers in mid to late winter, followed by bright orange and red fruits -- food for birds and jam fruit for the enterprising cook. Full sun to dappled shade with good drainage and little summer water once established. Cold hardy in USDA zone 8.
Arbutus unedo - standards
Medium sized, shrubby tree orginally desribed by Carl Linnaeus in 1753--a cousin of the native madrones, but much easier--with similar bell-shaped flowers and round, red, strawberry-colored fruit, said to be edible but not very enticing (unedo means "I eat one", and possibly "only one"). Evergreen with marvelous shaggy, reddish bark. Tolerates bright light and prefers little summer water. Can also be pruned to shrub size or sheared as a hedge. 12' tall x 6-8' wide. Frost hardy to mid USDA zone 7.
Arbutus unedo 'Compacta'
compact strawberry tree
A rather compact-growing strawberry tree, to only 5-6 ft tall and wide in 10 years, eventually 10 ft or so, with small white-blushed-pink flowers in autumn, followed by bright orange-red fruits -- edible alone and tasty in preserves. Foliage is evergreen on red twigs and bark is handsome -- reddish, rough and shreddy. Full sun to dappled shade with good drainage and little summer water once established. Cold hardy in USDA zone 7.
A Cistus introduction. Our collection, from the top of Lolo Pass on the northeast shoulder of Oregon's Mt. Hood. This natural hybrid between A. nevadensis and A. columbiana forms a mounding shrub to 18" -2' tall x 3-4' in width with oh-so-fashionable gray-green leaves held on burgundy-tinted stems. Then, as if that weren't enough, cheery light pink flowers appear in winter and spring. Spills if placed atop a bank, wall, or container. As usual with manzanitas, prefers summer dryness and lean soil. Sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7, possibly even 6.
Selected by Louis Edmonds, this cross between A. manzanita and A. densiflora is an upright shrub to 10 ft or more and can be trained as high as 15 ft. A handsome plant with green leaves, spring flowers that are many shades of pink and white -- both lovely against the dark mahogany bark that sheds in small curls. Easy in the garden, tolerating less than ideal conditions. More accepting of some summer water than most manzanitas but we recommend weaning after September to slow any luxurious growth before winter. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Harmony'
Another special manzanita. Taller and larger-leaved than other cultivars of the species, this one simply has more of that California manzanita, “summer water is for pansies” presence to it. The dark, mahogany bark is enough for me, and lovely with the pink bell flowers in spring. Evergreen, to 6 ft tall or so x 5 ft wide in well-drained soil; full sun on the coast and, perhaps, a bit of afternoon shade inland. Drought tolerant but accepts occasional summer water. Cold hardy to 5F, mid USDA zone 7.
Arctostaphylos glandulosa 'Cave's Pink' manzanita
A Cistus introduction. A long underused manzanita with a native range from Baja to Oregon, this selection, from just southwest of Oregon's Caves National Monument, grows to 6 ft with mahogany bark, peachy pink flowers in late winter to spring all amid pink-tinted blue leaves. Can you believe it? Basal sprouting, so, unlike other manzanitas, can be cut back if you must. Fairly tolerant of garden water if the soil is well-drained. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Arctostaphylos glandulosa 'Rogue Gem'
A Cistus introduction. Another of our series of A. glandulosa, this, from the reaches above Oregon's Rogue River canyon, spreads to a multiple stemmed mound, 3 ft tall x an eventual 6 ft wide, with deep chocolate brown stems, glossy green leaves, and very pale pink flowers from late winter through late spring depending on weather. Can be cut back. Dappled shade to bright sun with decent drainage. Tolerant of some summer irrigation. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Arctostaphylos glandulosa SBH 7804
Arctostaphylos hookeri 'Green on Black'
A Cistus Introduction. This compact clone from the Huckleberry Hill area of California's Monterey County is another in a great series of this most useful garden shrub. To only 18" high and wide, with particularly round, shiny green foliage and abundant, small pink flowers in late winter. Tolerant of both sand and clay, these like a bit of summer drought but are not incredibly happy over 100 F in particularly hot inland places. Works well as an understory to a larger arctostaphylos or as a fine ground cover where the leaf form and the wiry blackish stem can be seen. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Arctostaphylos malloryi SBH 9145
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'St. Helena'
From Napa Valley in California, a beautiful form of a very useful genus in the west -- plants to 6 ft or so in time, or to 10ft if helped along a bit. Deep green leaves of only about 1” and dark mahogany stems. The late winter flowers are white aging to shell pink. Very happy with summer drought, but also, unlike many manzanitas, willing to tolerate some summer garden water -- but only some so best not to overdue it. Mineral soil is best and full sun to dappled shade. Sadly, intolerant of conditions in the east coast states.like North Carolina and Idaho. Low USDA zone 8.
Arctostaphylos manzanita 'Upstanding'
A Cistus introduction. From Northern Lake County California "amid a grove" of like-minded manzanitas, this form is particularly large -- to 15 ft or more but easily maintained at 4-5 ft -- with an upright habit, red stems, and green leaves slightly tinted mauve. Outstanding as a backdrop with very pale pink flowers occurring anywhere from the end of December through February. And yes, there is more ... most attractive, muscular, orange-red bark to set it all off. Of all our recent selections, this is among the top. Full sun to lightly dappled shade with good air circulation. More tolerant than most of some summer garden water but don't overdo it. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
This silver-leaved manzanita, endemic to California, can reach 6 ft tall x 10 ft wide. Bark is red-gray and peels away from the trunk, quite handsomely. Small bell-flowers are blushed pink in mid winter producing small, red drupes. Happy in lean, very well-drained soil with hardly any summer water. Loves sun and more sun. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8, likely into upper zone 7.
Arctostaphylos morroensis 'Nevin's Gray'
Named by Cistus Nursery, but actually introduced via a batch of seedlings from the infamous horticulturist Nevin Smith. Native to fossilized sand dunes just east of Morrow Bay in south central California, these pearly gray leaved, mahogany-stemmed, pale pink flowered beauties mound to about 3 to 5 ft wide, this selection remaining particularly compact and silvery. Can also be lightly trimmed. If you do not own a fossilized sand dune, then any well-drained soil will do. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8. Careful with summer water.
Argyrocytisus battandieripineapple broom
The Moroccan pineapple broom is a shocker in bloom. You’ll be blown away by the fruity pineapple fragrance pouring out of the bright yellow Laburnum-like flowers. The silvery, fuzzy, evergreen foliage is very attractive as well as aromatic A large shrub or small tree, to 10-15 ft if allowed. Can be multi-trunked. For full sun and good drainage with water to establish. Drought tolerant thereafter. Frost hardy to USDA zone 8.
Of this intriguing group of blue-flowered irids mostly from South Africa, we had thought this species too tender for permanent planting in these parts, but they have thriven for many years now, giving us courage. Easy in average garden conditions and luscious with summer water, with bright green, iris-like leaves to 2 ft or a bit more, and clusters of sky-blue flowers from spring through fall -- all from the small inflorescence, so don't cut them back. Bright light is best. Outstanding planted with yellow foliage nearby. Evergreen to the upper teens F, upper USDA zone 8; regrowing, especially with mulch, from 10F or so. (Also known as Aristea capitata.)
Aristolochia sempervirensevergreen dutchman's pipe
Cool evergreen vine or goundcover, native to the Mediterranean, with heart-shaped leaves and in spring through fall "Dutchman pipe" flowers, yellow-throated, purplish tubes. Reaches 5 - 15 ft tall and thrives in sunny to partly shaded, gardens tolerating summer drought or water. Easily frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Aristotelia fruticosa [DW]mountain wineberry
Slow growing, evergreen shrub or small tree, with tiny, slightly toothed, oblong leaves of medium green on wiry, dense branches. Inconspicuous flowers are followed by little purple fruits -- very decorative. This collection at the University of California at Santa Cruz, reaches 8-10 ft tall with a rounded shape. Best in sun to part shade with good drainage and regular summer water, but tolerates brief periods of drought. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7. To maintain the juvenile foliage, it's lovely shape and dark color, cut back frequently.
Armeria maritima 'Victor Reiter'
An Armeria with a denser mound of foliage and earlier spring flowers- little pink drumsticks. Creates a tight orb of foliage. A great rockery plant and adorable in containers and troughs. Sun. Evergreen. USDA zone 4.
Fabulous west coast native perennial with large round clusters of rose and white fragrant star flowers on 3 foot stems in mid summer. Large, soft silver-green leaves are pleasant on the eyes as well as the fingers. Attracts butterflies, including our western Monarch. Full sun, summer drought, well-drained soil. Winter deciduous. Reliable, easy and rewarding. Cold hardy to -20 F, USDA zone 5.
Shared with us by plantsman, Linda Guy, this wonderful cast iron plant, growing to over 3 ft tall with narrow dark green leaves, has way spotted leaves held upright, almost glowing with the creamy spreckles. Clumps to about 4 ft wide in a reasonable time. Able to withstand dark shade to dappled light but bleaches in too much sun. Prefers damp well drained soil. Excellent container. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Aspidistra caespitosa 'Jade Ribbons'
cast iron plant
Shared with us years ago by Barry Yinger, this small, cast iron plant produces leaves, to only about 18" in height, in dense clusters of deep green with a satiny blue finish. Intriguingly beautiful for gardens or containers in medium shade to the deepest, darkest recesses of the garden. Fairly fast growing in the southeast due to hot summer nights; on the West Coast, they are slower but worthwhile. Regular summer water in dryer climates to push them along a bit, though they can go without for long periods. Undamaged at 10 to 12F, USDA zone 8, if out of wind; can recover from 0F, zone 7.
Aspidistra elatior 'Amanogawa'cast iron plant
First introduced to the US, we believe, by Barry Yinger, this diminutive evergreen perennial, to about 1 ft or so in height, has very shiny leaves in dense clumps, each leaf stripped and splashed various shades of gold. Not the most stable creature in the world ... but then, neither are most of our friends ... and should be relieved of the occasional rogue green sport that might appear. Slow growing but one of the more striking variegated cast iron plants. Fine in even the very darkest shade with summer water to establish and for faster growth. Excellent container plant for medium to very low light. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 6.
Aspidistra elatior 'Seiun' ['Living Cloud']cast iron plant
Small and hard-to-find aspidistra, the leaves only 2" wide by 12" tall and heavily spreckled with yellow spots on both sides, forming a cheerful, multi-stemmed, clumping perennial for the woodland garden in bright shade to the darkest part of the garden. Lovers of rich soil and even moisture, they are not supposed to be attractive to deer. Evergreen in upper USDA zone 8; root hardy to 10F, the bottom of zone 8; and a bright, sturdy houseplant where temperatures drop into zone 7.
Aspidistra elatior 'Variegata'cast iron plant
The solution to your shadiest spot: a cast iron plant with lovely white stripes on dark green leaves, to 2+ ft tall. Hardy outdoors in light to deep shade with normal summer water, they prefer good drainage. Regular summer water for best appearance, though tolerant of long dry periods. Clumping plants, they are somewhat slow growing, doubling their size in a few years. Also fab in a container. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Aspidistra longilobacast iron plant
An unusual cast iron plant, slowly spreading to make 4 ft wide clumps in a reasonable amount of time, with shiny spring-green leaves of only about 6" long, but pleasingly rounded at the base making them nearly oval. Easy in cultivation, for addition to containers or repeating in the shade garden. A layer of mulch over existing soil helps their little rhizomes spread a bit more quickly. Provide even summer moisture for more rapid growth, especially along the West Coast. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8; zone 7 with reliable mulch and protection.
Aspidistra tonkinensis - all green formcast iron plant
An all green form of this aspidistra species from Southeast China, with graceful, narrow, arching leaves, to 3 ft or more, emerging with black sheaths. These are vigorous growers, appearing earlier in the spring and seemingly more frost tolerant than the species. Best in shade to deep shade and, though accepting of drought, prefers regular summer water and rich soil. Frost hardy to the bottom of USDA zone 7.
Aspidistra tonkinensis 'Soft Spot'
A Cistus introduction of a lovely species, this our seedling selection from Southeast China, with graceful, long green leaves, to 3 ft or more, emerging with black sheaths, the leaves widely scattered with large spots. Tolerant of deep shade and drought, but more pleased with ample summer moisture and good soil. Thus far frost hardy to upper USDA zone 7. We think this is one of the most graceful of all the aspidistras.
Aspidistra tonkinensis 'Spotty'cast iron plant
A Cistus introduction of a lovely species, this our seedling selection from Southeast China, with graceful, long green leaves, to 3 ft or more, emerging with black sheaths, the leaves humorously spotted almost golden. Tolerant of deep shade and drought, but more pleased with ample summer moisture and good soil. Thus far frost hardy to upper USDA zone 7. We think this is one of the most graceful of all the aspidistras.
Aspidistra typica 'Old Glory'cast iron plant
Small cast iron plant, selected in Sichuan Province in 2002 by Darrell Probst and named by Plant Delights Nursery. To only 15" tall, the wide and shiny green leaves marked by a broad, greenish yellow band down the middle and, especially with age, spreckles and spots adding texture. Slowly forms clumps. As with others of the genus, does well in containers or in the garden in shade to very deep shade, bringing color to dark corners. Tolerates some drought but prefers even moisture in rich soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 to upper zone 7 with protection.
Aspidistra yingjiangensis 'Singapore Sling'cast iron plant
This lovely creature, found in a market in Singapore (we believe) both by Barry Yinger and Hayes Jackson, grows to 3 ft or more with only 1-2" wide leaves of deep green, strikingly polka dotted cream yellow. Very spiffy even in deepest darkest shade. Summer water to establish and regularly thereafter for fastest growth though tolerates dry shade as well. As many others, this one is slow growing and we are happy to finally have enough to share. Despite its origins has been frost hardy in the garden at least into USDA zone 8. Also makes a lovely container specimen for medium to low light.
hart's tongue fern
Evergreen fern with bright green, leathery, tongue-shaped fronds forming erect clumps up to 1-1.5 ft tall and wide. This European native for part to full shade is best grown in rich, very well-drained soil with average summer moisture. Thrives in alkaline, limestone soils as well. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Astelia 'Red Devil'
red mountain astelia
Found some years ago on NZ's south island after many quasi-successful endeavors in bringing this plant to North America, our original collection is finally available from Christchurch's fabulous Texture Plants Nursery. Similar in size to A. 'Red Gem' (to 2ft tall and wide) but with deeper burgundy tones in winter and throughout summer in exposed locations. Often quite stunning. Despite its xeric appearance, it prefers reliably damp conditions and a slight northerly aspect in hotter climates. Plants have survived to 0 F in others gardens, but we will say upper zone 7 to be on the safe side. Woohoo!
Graceful member of a handsome, genus, the arching leaves, to 4 ft tall, spring-green with striking silver undersides and spring flowers cream to chartreuse flowers, small and hidden in the foliage but looking very much like corn flowers, strange and beautiful. As the common name would imply, these are lovers of coastal conditions, tolerating salt spray. Easy in full sun to dappled shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy into the mid teens, mid USDA zone 8; has survived 10 to 12F with some protection. Best as pot specimens in the hottest and most humid areas of the southeast.
Astelia chathamica 'Silver Spear'
The largest of a beautiful group of agave/hypoxiodes (phormioides?) ... whatever ... with dazzlingly silver rosettes, this one making an offsetting clump from 3-5 ft high and wide with 3-4" wide leaves. The stunning silver effect is best, for us, in light shade. We keep our specimens in single rosettes as they are most striking, giving away the offsets (or selling them at extraordinarily high prices...But for you...) Love well-drained soil, though certainly don't mind being continually moist. Not fond of prolonged drought. Avoid excessive summer heat. One of the best and most striking container specimens. This species, frost hardy to the upper teens F, upper USDA zone 8, recovering from 10 to 12F. If those temperatures are expected, at least go out and throw a tarp over it. It's ok, all of us have been seen in our bathrobes doing the same thing.
Astelia nervosa 'Westland'
A relatively recent escapee from New Zealand...(no, we don't mean it has invasive potential; New Zealanders are generally very courteous) and doubtless a hybrid between A. nervosa and A. fragrans. Very pretty, clumping rosettes, roughly 18" tall spreading to 2 ft with downy covered leaves, adding hues of gold and silver tending toward maroon with winter's coolness. Slightly slower growing for us than A. n. 'Red Gem', but a very nice complement. You need them both. Full sun for best color as well. Winter color at its best in cooler climates. Regular water. Great container plant. Undamaged to at least the low teens F, mid USDA zone 8, possibly colder.
Astelia nivicola 'Red Gem'red sword sedge
Our favorite A. nivicola collection, New Zealand natives, forming clumps to 2 ft wide by roughly 18" tall with numerous leaves all coated with a soft silver fur and turning deep red, almost burgundy, with light and frost in winter. Very striking! This has been one of the toughest creatures, having not had frost damage even in our 14F, arctic extravaganza in 1996. Also an amazing container plant where burgundy tones in rosette-forming plants are hard to come by. Prefers even summer moisture in bright light for best color, though accepting of shade. Tolerant of frost to 10F, USDA zone 8, with reports of near 0F out of the wind.
Astrolepis sinuatawavy scaly cloak fern
A fern that loves sunny dry places. From the desert southwest come these luxurious clumps of gray-sage-green leaves with felty, orange undersides. To 1-2 ft tall eventually and evergreen to semi-evergreen. Full sun to dappled shade with excellent drainage and lean, gritty soil. Best placed where air circulation is good and the roots can remain cool, perhaps in a rock garden. Drought tolerant but enjoys occasional summer water. Cold hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
tasmanian cedar pencil pine
The Tasmanian pencil plant, also known as the pencil pine, is a unique and rare evergreen, a slow grower, reaching 10 ft in many years. The upright branchlets, eventually weeping, are covered with bright green scales -- think miniature araucaria (monkey puzzle tree). Pencil plants enjoy damp conditions in medium to bright light and cool soil that is mulched or planted with ground covers. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Athyrium niponicum var. pictum 'Regal Red'
japanese painted fern
A colorful Japanese Painted Fern, this handsome selection featured a dark violet red interior to each frond contrasted by silvery edges and ruffled pinnules. Prefers cool coastal areas or shaded moist sites in the interior and growing to 18 inches tall when mature. Foliage contrast deepens with maturity and a bit of sun exposure. Excellent container plants to contrast with other strong foliage plants. Hardy to USDA zone 4.
Aucuba 'Gold Mound'gold-dust plant
Yes, we have said before that aucubas are cool. This cultivar, selected and named by plantsman Ted Stephens of Nurseries Carolinianus, reaches only 3 ft or so with a rounded habit. The 5", scalloped and rounded leaves are speckled and streaked with gold and cream - almost appearing entirely golden. Berries are orange turning nearly red in autumn and winter especially if a female clone is nearby. Great for dry shade (such as under dusty stairwells) or as a long lived container specimen. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 6.
Aucuba japonica 'Fulkawa'
Aucuba japonica 'Merced'
Classic and very handsome, evergreen shrub to brighten the deepest shade, this form, named at Cistus, having variegated foliage almost entirely gold and merely spreckled with green. Easy in the garden, thriving in most situations of dappled shade to shade with some summer water. Plants can reach 4 ft tall x 3 ft wide; a stunning presence in the shade garden. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Aucuba japonica 'Segami Bentan'
Classic and handsome, evergreen shrub to brighten the deepest shade, this form having nearly entirely golden foliage with a few green bits and spreckles for a bright shimmery look. As with all acubas, easy in the garden, thriving in most situations of dappled shade to shade with some summer water for best appearance. Plants can reach 4 ft tall x 3 ft wide; a stunning presence in the shade garden. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Azara integrifolia 'Variegata'variegated goldspire azara
A lovely, variegated shrub to small tree, to 14 ft tall x 10-12 ft wide, this Chilean evergreen has small rounded leaves of green with wide, creamy white edging, and pink overtones especially in cold weather. The small, yellow flowers that appear in late winter to early spring are followed by small, black fruit. A cheerful addition to the garden in sun to part shade with at least occasional summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Azara microphylla 'Variegata'variegated boxleaf azara
Extremely handsome, small and arching, evergreen tree, very slow-growing to 15 ft, with small leaves variegated green, cream and white, and, in late spring, tiny spring flowers that are intensely scented (with the aroma of white chocolate -- or so our friends insist). Orange berries follow for autumn interest. Site in cool sun or part shade in well-drained soil with regular summer water. Can be used in container as a showoff specimen. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8, suffering possible leaf damage below 15F.
One of the smaller species, to only 8-10 ft tall, with densely layered branches & deep green 1/2" leaves adorned with creamy yellow, strongly fragrant powder puffs in spring followed by metallic blue fruit in fall. From dry, high elevations in Chile, it's one of the most summer drought tolerant, but regular water is best for appearance and reasonable growth. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, or less.
Baccharis pilularis 'Blue Mound'
A Cistus introduction, from serpentine coastal bluffs in Harris Beach State Park on the southern Oregon coast. This compact male clone grows to only 3 ft high x 5 ft wide with waxy, blue cast foliage. Replete in winter with little pink brushes adorning the entire shrub, this good evergreen, ground-hugging plant makes the various winter pollinators deliriously happy. Us, too. Best in sun and infertile soil with low summer water. Especially happy in coastal conditions. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Baccharis pilularis 'Creeping Green'
A Cistus introduction. Found on the windswept Oregon coast, this grounding covering, evergreen shrub, to about 3 ft tall x 6 ft wide, has 1/2", dusty green foliage brushed gray-blue and, in late fall to early spring, creamy flowers. Tolerant of summer drought once established, this is good, large scale ground cover for the dry garden in sun to part shade where drainage is good. Frost hardy to the bottom of USDA zone 8.
Evergreen, alpine shrub from Tasmania, rare in cultivation and perfect for the small garden, growing to only 18-24" tall x 24-36" wide, with smooth textured, aromatic foliage that is densely held and flowers that are white, simple, and abundant. Likes cool, peaty soil to give it a little rhododendron-osity. Keep moist in summer. Frost hardy in USDA 8 and loves coastal conditions.
Loveliest large shrub to small tree from southeastern Australia. This handsome protea, to about 15 ft or even more, has beautifully serrate leaves when young, later on becoming nearly entire with reflective, silver-white undersides. Once plants reach 3-4 years of age, "corncob" flowers appear, to 4-5" tall, held upright as candles. To us they smell of baking bread or...corn. To their pollinators, I suppose baking bread would smell very much like a banksia. Reliable in upper USDA zone 8; freezes back to its lignotuber at 15F. Where temperatures fall below, keep in a pot to bring inside. Bright light to dappled shade in sandy soil. As with all proteas, watch the phosphorus. We fertilize ours with alfalfa pellets.
Banksia marginatasilver banksia
Evergreen shrub to small tree with a dense canopy of long, narrow, finely toothed leaves, medium green on top and silvery underneath for a bright, bicolor appearance. Yellow, bottle-brush flowers appear often but particularly in late summer through fall, making bees and hummingbirds very happy. Sun to slight shade with good drainage in almost any soil. Tolerates some drought once established and accepts moderate summer water. This form, collected the high plateau of Central Tasmania and shared with us by plantsman Ian Barclay, is expected to be one of the most frost hardy; tough, so far, to 15-18F, USDA zone 8b, and we are hoping for reports of lower temperatures.
Very nice small, evergreen groundcover from China with shiny, heart-shaped leaves and spikes of white flowers in late summer. Lovely vein patterns add texture to the leathery foliage. Plants form clumps 18” wide x 1 ft tall in dappled shade to full shade. Tolerant of many soils but best planted in areas that are consistently moist and well-drained soil. Creates a good backdrop for other shade loving perennials. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Begonia 'Water Dance'
Another hardy begonia to add to the garden. This one collected at high elevation in China. Rather tough, glossy leaves that remain evergreen unless a major frost should happen. Pink flowers in late summer through autumn. 16-18in tall. USDA zone 7. Zone 6 with mulch.
Begonia emeiensis DJHC 98479
A Dan Hinkley collection from Emei Shan and a striking addition to the increasingly large repertoire of begonias hardy in USDA zone 6 or above, this with 6-8” succulent, heart-shaped leaves and, in late summer and fall, attractive clusters of luscious pink flowers within the canopy. Shade to afternoon shade in moist conditions. Evergreen into the upper 20s F; deciduous but resprouting handily in early spring after temperatures as low as -10F, USDA zone 6, especially if mulched. A swollen (node) at the end of each leaf petiole can sprout and increase the plant. Easy
Also known as Mahonia 'Skylark', this evergreen shrub, lovely by any name, has small, spiny leaves that change from red in new growth to glossy green in warm weather adding purplish hues in winter. This hybrid (possible parents: B. pinnata and B. aquifolium) reaches 5 ft tall and wide with a founded form, decorated in spring with yellow flowers in dense 4-5" clusters -- very cheerful and bright. Best in part sun to light shade with occasional summer water to establish and little thereafter. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, and possibly colder.
Berberis callianthablack-berried barberry
A very pretty barberry and a good foundation plant or accent for the garden where prickly leaves won't molest a passerby. Evergreen, these shrubs, to 3-5 ft tall x 3 ft wide but easily trimmed, have small, holly-like leaves, dark green and shiny, contrasting with the reddish brown stems. Spring flowers are light yellow, inverted cups, nearly 1" across; autumn berries are blue-black as the common name suggest. Easy in sun to light shade with some summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
A striking barberry, the flowers, bright yellow-orange on red stems, are showy and cheerful over a long season in spring. Evergreen shrubs to 8 ft tall and nearly as wide, with arching branches and spiny leaves, dark green above and lighter below. Native to Chile and Argentina, these handsome plants enjoy full sun to part shade in reasonably well-drained soil with average summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Berberis stenophylla 'Nana'
A dwarf, dense, evergreen shrub with bright yellow flowers and lanceolate leaves that resemble the foliage of rosemary. Before flowers open, the buds form attractive, bright yellow balls that open before eventually forming black fruit. Gracefully arching branches add a nice texture to the garden. Slow to 3ft high and eventually a bit more. Zone 6. Looks good planted in gravel or even in a low pot.
Bergeranthus jamesii - cl 2
Ice plant relative from South Africa, to only about 2” tall in clumps to 5-6” wide with succulent, triangular leaves. In summer, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers cover the the plant. Requires very good drainage in lean soil, sun in all but the very hottest climates, and an occasional watering in summer by hose or monsoon. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Striking and unusual perennial in the aster family, with big, daisy-like flowers, to 3" across! -- pale, lavendar-purple-white with purple centers -- all summer long, standing above rosettes of long, toothy, dark green leaves. From South Africa and perfectly suited to the dry garden where the soil is lean and the drainage is very good. Needs no summer water once established. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Beschorneria aff. yuccoides ssp. dekosteriana - large green
These seedlings from plants originally collected from Mexico’s Tamaulipas State have grown larger than any others we have tried. The succulent, deep green rosettes reach to over 4 ft wide and high and occasional cherry-red and green flower spikes, to upwards of 10 ft, suggest giant hummingbirds hovering just out of sight. Possibly the best attribute of this wonderful plant -- and the whole genus for that matter -- is its agave-like texture coupled with a willingness to grow in medium shade though perfectly at home in full sun in all but the lowest, hottest places. Occasional summer thunder storms, or the equivalent thereof, simulate its mountain forest home. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7, having lost its leaves but recovered from around 10F in gardens…not ours, thankfully. (Originally sold as Beschorneria aff. decosteriana - large green; the name now conforming to accepted taxonomy.)
Beschorneria yuccoides 'Flamingo Glow'
One of the numerous members of the agave clan. This one having softer leaves and much more upright red flower stems that produced red and green flowers for happy hummingbirds. A plant we would put in the "fancy" category. Growing to about 3ft and slowly offsetting. Each leaf-center is striped light yellow. Very good contender for the garden or container. Excellent in a slightly damper and shadier situation than many agave relatives would enjoy, though full sun is ok too. Hardy to about 20F perhaps a bit lower if mulched. USDA zone 8b-9a
Red Brazilian Tree Fern, Red Dwarf Tree Fern
Subtropical tree fern native to humid forests of South Africa with deep green leaves and an airy, palm-like appearance. New fronds emerge a gorgeous pure red color as they unfurl, which makes this fern unique and sought after. Needs good morning sun or very bright light and frequent light waterings. Does not like to dry out. Protect from freeze at all costs, moving indoors if you must to avoid cold damage. Makes an excellent container plant or houseplant in a large, sunny entryway. Zone 9b.
Blechnum chilensechilean hard fern
Striking evergreen fern, large and bold with dark green fronds, upright and leathery on rose- pink stems. Reaches 5-6 ft tall in perfect conditions, e.g., moist, cool shade. Can take more light with plenty of summer water. Forms colonies through underground rhizomes making a larger presence. Very nice and very effective in the woodland or dappled shade garden. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
An unusual looking member of the carrot family, this mat-forming perennial hugs the ground in spreading hummocks of shiny rosettes that almost look like artificial turf - amazing! Small clusters of yellow flowers in summer. A rock garden perennial for part shade and most soils in Zone 8.
Boronia megastigma 'Hot Chocolate''
Burgundy flowers in winter and spring on this small, evergreen shrub. Fragrant flowers and aromatic foliage. Prefers sun to part shade and moist, well-drained soil. Especially good in pots where protection can be provided when temperatures drop to the low 20s F, USDA zone 9.
Brachychiton populneusBottle Tree
30-40' evergreen tree from Australia with 2-3" glossy green leaves that flowers small white flowers in early summer and produces brown, boat-shaped pods containing round seeds in fall. Like cottonwoods, bottle trees have an attractive glittery effect in wind. Handsome tree trunk tapers like a bottle (where it gets its name) and are green when young turning brown with age. Excellent as a windblock or privacy screen. Cold hardy to the mid-teens.
Brachyglottis greyi x monroi UCSC 89.189
From a plant at the University of California Santa Cruz that had been in the garden for more than 20 years, quite possibly one of the Dunedin Hybrids from the 1950s. This form to about 3.5 ft tall with elongated and scalloped leaves, gray-green on top and nearly white on the undersides -- an elegant bi-color effect. Sun to dappled shade. Somewhat drought tolerant but best with some summer water in dry places. Loves cool coastal conditions; dislikes hot humid areas, i.e., the eastern US (sorry). Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Brahea armatamexican blue hesper palm
The leaves are chalky, dusty blue on this most stunning Mexican palm, slow growing, to 20 ft in a long time. Sun to part shade and lean soil that promotes very, very good drainage for best winter hardiness. Drought tolerant but faster growing with some summer moisture. Roots should be disturbed as little as possible when planting. Easy in USDA zone 9; frost hardy with protection in zone 8 or in pots.
This baby will give palm envy to ALL your neighbors. Native to the islands off the coast of Baja California, this cool tolerant big boy has long leaves and a shortish trunk. Protect at 20F or leave in a container.
Brugmansia x candida 'Double White'
Double White Angel's Trumpet
Knock-out cultivar of the South American shrub with large, double white, downfacing blooms in summer and fall. Grows to 15' x 12' in width. Leaves are large and hairy and tend to fall off during a cold winter. Brugmansias like to be cut back mildly each winter to maintain structure and to cover if cold dips below 25 degrees. Looks good planted among ornamental grasses, New Zealand flax, and other bright-leaved plants like canna, pittosporum, etc. Can also be grown in a large container and moved into a dry garage during winter dormancy.
Brunnera macrophylla 'Alexander's Great'
A gigantic form of Brunnera macrophylla, making impressive large clumps of silvery leaves. Light blue forget-me-not like flowers in spring. 18in tall x 28in wide. Average to slightly moist soil. Part sun to light shade. USDA zone 4
Brunnera macrophylla 'Jack Frost' PPAF
This silver-leaved brunnera with dark green veins is a recent and handsome introduction, an excellent backdrop for the bright blue, forget-me-not flowers of spring. An excellent ‘do-er’ in dry shade as well as in woodland conditions with summer water. Easy to establish in rich and well-drained soil, forming clumps to 12" tall x 24" wide and spreading slowly. Frost hardy -40F, USDA zone 3.
Buddleja colvilei 'Kewensis'
A very old cultivar of this "best of the buddlejas", selected at Kew Gardens for it's darker-than-the-species red flowers in lovely and lush terminal panicles during the summer. Same pointed and felted leaves as the species and a similar size, e.g. quickly to 10-15 ft tall, so a very large shrub to small tree needing lots of room. (This species resents the severe pruning that keeps its cousins smaller.) Best in full sun and well-drained soil with regular water and protection from wind. Evergreen in mild climates and frost hardy in USDA zone 8. Resprouts from the roots in zone 7.
Buddleja globosaorange ball tree
To see it in bloom is to covet this cheerful plant, ours a Cistus collection from the highlands of Argentina. To 6-12 ft tall or so with long, narrow, "woolly" leaves of green-silver-grey and copious, 2" diameter, orange-yellow, puffball flowers.-- fragrant of course. Full sun and well-drained soil with regular water. Frost hardy and deciduous in USDA zone 7; semi-evergreen in upper zone 8 and above.
Bupleurum fruticosumshrubby hare's ear
Graceful evergreen shrub from southern Europe and the Mediterranean regions with shiny, prominently veined, dark blue-green leaves on branches that become ever more graceful, bending under their own weight as the plant reaches its mature height of 4-5 ft. Yellow flowers in 3-4” umbels add spice and contrast from July to September. Thrives in sun to part sun with well-drained soil of average fertility. Drought tolerant, so little summer water once established. Very tolerant of salt spray in coast areas. Cold hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Bupleurum spinosumspiny hare's ear
This is one of the smaller bupleurum species, forming a small mound of dense, evergreen foliage, blue-green and spine-tipped, remaining under 2 ft tall. In spring plants are covered with angular sprays of teenyweeny yellow flowers that are both striking and sculptural in the garden. Tolerates dry summer conditions once established, requiring little summer water in full sun and gritty soil that drains well. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Butia capitatajelly palm
From the highlands of southeastern Brazil, this stout, feather palm, slow growing to 10-15 ft, has long arching blue-grey fronds and a handsome thatched trunk. Site where heat can accumulate, such as near walls or concrete, in full sun and, preferably, well-drained soil. Drought tolerant but faster growing and more attractive with summer. These seed trees have been undamaged with overhead protection at 12F, the lower end of USDA zone 8.
Butia capitata - South Carolina Shell Station
With our travels far and wide around the world to find ever newer plants, exotic collection sites can hardly get better than this. On a road trip to interior South Carolina, having spotted eight lovely pindo palms that had withstood rigorous winters and all the harsh conditions a mini-strip mall can provide, we brought home seeds in several large Slurpee containers. The palms, a pretty silver-blue, were otherwise typical. They should grow to about 15 ft producing lovely arched pinnate leaves that curl upon extension. Bright sun, good drainage, and overhead protection at 12 to 15F, lower to mid USDA zone 8.
Handsome boxwood, to 4-6 ft tall and vase-shaped, with shiny, leathery leaves, narrow and slightly notched at the top. This dense, mounding shrub makes a wonderful hedge, easily sheered to shape. Spring flowers are pale yellow and very inconspicuous. Prefers sun to part shade in well-drained soil with average moisture but quite tolerant of summer drought once established. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7.
Buxus microphylla 'Curly Locks'
A most attractive small boxwood, slow growing to 3 ft or so with narrow curled leaves, just as the name would imply, providing wonderful texture for the garden. Evergreen with leaves tinting only faintly to that dead meat look of winter boxwood (ok, so we could have found a better descriptor). This, however, is offset by the typical male cat fragrance given off by most boxwoods....hummmm. Frost hardy to below 0F, into USDA zone 6. And all this can be yours brightening that somewhat shaded spot with a bit of summer water.
Buxus sempervirens 'Golden Swirl'golden common box
A collection from a lone surviving shrub in the shade of an ancient pecan in a North Portland “garden”, this 8 ft boxwood has a tall, rather narrow habit, with upright branchlets and a pleasing creamy-gold variegation throughout the leaves. Drought tolerant and vigorous. You should have one. We would like to see it used as good garden furniture. Considering its “habitat” it must be very drought tolerant and, from the original plant’s appearance, able to withstand occasional pruning with chainsaws. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6, at least.
Buxus sempervirens 'Rotundifolia'
Shared with us by Luen Miller, this statuesque boxwood reaches a narrow 6-8 ft with round, shiny leaves held pleasingly outward from the branches and turning purple bronze in winter. A nice large texture and lovely winter color. Part shade to full sun with regular summer water at least until established. Frost hardy at least into the upper reaches of USDA zone 6, possibly colder.
Calamagrostis x acutiflora 'Avalanche'
A new hybrid feather reed grass with narrow-leaved variegated foliage, purple-green flower heads, and an attractive vertical appearance which is rare for ornamental grasses. Foliage can reach up to 4' in height in a sunny spot with seedheads reaching another foot above the leaves. Looks most attractive when planted in triangular groups and underplanted with smaller bunch grasses, agaves, or even yuccas. For a marvelous effect, plant them where they will get west sun and watch the fall seedheads, which will turn tan-red, blaze up in the falling light. USDA zone 5.
Callicarpa japonica 'Inagali'
Diminutive beauty berry, to only 4.5 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide, with abundant pale lilac berries in autumn on a smaller scale plant than most found on the market. A deciduous addition to the garden's autumn colors, the vibrant lemon yellow leaves creating a great contrast to the berries. Easy in full sun to half shade with regular summer for best fruiting. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5. Excellent container plant.
Callicarpa japonica 'Snow Storm'
snow storm japanese callicarpa
This graceful shrub is a beauty both in fruit and leaf with new foliage emerging white, maturing to speckled green and white and eventually becoming green in late summer. To 3-4 ft tall x 30" wide, fitting into any garden where the stunning, bright purple fruit can show off in the fall. Ohhhh! Surprisingly tolerant of sun but we suggest some afternoon protection. Regular to frequent summer water. Be the first on your block to have this lovely creature. Deciduous and frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Callicarpa japonica var. luxurians
A robust beautyberry from, indeed, Japan -- think Callicarpa 'Profusion’ but with arching branches to 8 ft or more and larger, deep lavender-purple berries. For us, at the height of color as the leaves turn gold in October and November. Perfect for a woodland garden in dappled shade where sun is very hot or sun in the East. In the West we give ours a bit more sun to encourage early fruit ripening with at least occasional summer water to push it ahead. So far has tested frost hardy to upper USDA zone 6.
Callistemon citrinuscrimson bottlebrush
Medium sized, evergreen shrub, to 8-10 ft tall, with handsome, narrow leaves that are lemony when crushed and crimson-red, “bottlebrush" flowers in June and July. A hummingbird's friend. This Australian native makes a great border shrub or small, specimen tree in full sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant as well once established! Can also tolerate a bit of frost. Evergreen to 18F, or so, upper USDA Zone 8, and root hardy, resprouting from the base in colder temperatures.
Callistemon pallidus 'Best Blue'
A Cistus introduction: definitely a collector's callistemon, selected from our blues. Dense evergreen shrub, marked by its striking, aromatic, blue leaves and new growth made silky with silver hairs. Blooms in late spring to early summer with pale yellow bottlebrush flowers, a nice contrast to the blue foliage. To 10 ft wide x 8 ft wide. Best in full sun and lean, well-drained soil with regular summer water until established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Callistemon pityoides 'Kosciuszko Princess'alpine bottlebrush
A particularly frost hardy callistemon collected on the upper slopes of Australia's Mt. Kosciuszko, this small bottlebrush, to 3-6 ft tall, has finely textured, long and narrow, evergreen leaves and pale yellow, “bottlebrush” flowers in late spring and early summer. Best in full sun to part shade with summer water, though quite drought tolerant once established. One of the hardiest of the genus, performing well to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Yet another very hardy bottlebrush, this from southeastern Australia, found growing along creek beds and tolerant of both wet and dry conditions. This fountain-like shrub with fine-textured, narrow leaves can be pruned to maintain a dense structure or allowed to grow to its expected height of 6 ft or so. This form has tight chartreuse, 'bottlebrush" flowers in spring, often repeated in summer. Best in sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 7.
Callistemon sieberi - dwarf yellow
A smaller form of a narrow-leaved, fountain-like shrub that tolerates both wet and dry conditions. To 5-6 ft tall and wide with yellow, bottlebrush flowers in spring and occasionally again in summer. A selection from one of the hardiest of the bottle brushes insoutheastern Australia. Can be pruned to maintain a density. Sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 7.
Callistemon viridiflorusmountain bottlebrush
Small and compact evergreen bottlebrush, to 5 ft tall x 6 ft wide, this from cuttings of a specimen in Oregon's Willamette Valley. Arching branches carry small, glossy leaves and, in mid summer, soft, greenish yellow, "bottlebrush" flowers. Best in a hot, sunny position, well-drained with occasional summer water. Easily frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, and very likely into zone 7 in optimum conditions.
Calycanthus occidentalisspice bush
Deciduous shrub, 8-10 ft tall, native to the mountains of central and northern California. “Fancy” red-maroon flowers appear late spring to late summer Lovely and slightly aromatic though the leaves and twigs are the truly spicy element. Prefers sun; accepts part shade. Likes well-drained soil and moisture. Somewhat deer resistant. Frost hardy to the single digits F, upper USDA zone 7.
Camellia 'Black Opal'
Lovely dark-flowered camellia with semi-double blossoms of black-red marked with a central cluster of golden anthers. A slow growing shrub, to only 3-4 ft tall after 10-12 years, with densely held, narrow, evergreen leaves and a habit of flowering late in the season around mid-spring. Like it's close relative C. 'Night Rider' the new growth has red overtones. A must have plant for any garden. Part shade with protection from the afternoon sun in rich soil with regular summer moisture. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7. For those who love nomenclature, the parentage is a follows: a hybrid of C. x williamsii 'Ruby Bells' (= C. saluenensis x C. japonica 'Fuyajo') and C. japonica 'Kuro Tsubaki'.
Camellia 'Cinnamon Cindy'
Yes, the flowers are cinnamon scented on this hybrid cross between Camellia japonica 'Kenyo-tai' and C. lutchensis, a Chinese species! Evergreen, to 10 ft tall in as many years, with lovely peony-like flowers -- white flushed with pink and very delicate -- that appear in mid-winter. Leaves too are flushed red in new growth. Best in light shade with regular summer water. Can also be grown in container. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Camellia 'Debutante Benton'
Camellia 'Debutante', a close relative, is a slow growing shrub, to 6-8 ft tall though taller with great age, with the typical green, glossy leaves of C. japonica and, in spring, large, pink, peony-like flowers. The Japanese cultivar 'Debutante Benton', brought to us by Lance Reiners, is a variegated form, adding the interest of slightly ruffle-edged leaves decorated with a central golden marking or blotch. Evergreen, of course, and happy in dappled shade or morning sun with summer water and fertilizer. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
A lovely and difficult to find camellia, evergreen, to 6 ft tall, with an upright form and graceful, somewhat pendulous habit. Deep pink, single flowers appear in great numbers in mid to late spring and into summer. And they are sweetly fragrant! This charming hybrid originated in Japan as cross between C. japonica 'Konwabisuke' and C. lutchuensis. For sun to light shade with moderate water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Camellia 'Night Rider'
The "black" camellia has dark red, semi-double flowers that are darker on the undersides -- very dark and gorgeous in late winter, early spring. New foliage also has red overtones. An evergreen shrub, upright and somewhat compact to only 4-5 ft tall and wide, this is a must have plant for any garden in part shade with protection from the afternoon sun and rich soil with regular summer moisture. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7. (For those who love nomenclature, the parentage is a follows: a hybrid of C. x williamsii 'Ruby Bells' (= C. saluenensis x C. japonica 'Fuyajo') and C. japonica 'Kuro Tsubaki'.)
Camellia 'Tama Peacock'
One of eight seedlings from one of the jewels of the Camellia world, Camellia 'Tama-no-ura'. This cultivar, one of our favorites, features a small to medium flower with semi-double maroon washing to its white border. Just shy of spectacular. A rapid grower with an open, almost weeping habit, to . Display long-lasting, show-winning blooms in trays of shallow water in your home. Midseason to late bloomer. Zone 7.
A much sought-after and hard to find camellia, this sweet and rather demure, Chinese form, is grown not only for its beloved, pink-blushed buds that open to 1” long, bell flowers, but also for the, small, leaves that emerge bronzed and darken to glossy green. May reach 6 ft in time with a graceful weeping habit. Morning sun would be best with summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Camellia japonica 'Black Magic'
Stately tall shrub, even small tree, to 8-10 ft with large glossy leaves and, from late fall through February, drooping bell-like flowers of such deep orange-red as to almost appear black. Backlit in winter sun, they positively glow. We have ours planted with an assortment of black hellebores and Chaenomoles japoncia 'Atsuya Hamada'. Sun in coastal climates; dappled shade inland. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Camellia japonica 'Brushfields Yellow'
Compact, upright camellia from the famed Brushfield Nursery, to 6-8 ft tall and wide, with cream to pale yellow, semi-double flowers in abundance in late winter to early spring. This selection remains one of our favorites with its pyramidal shade and flowers that create a lovely contrast against dark green foliage. We have pale yellow hellebores planted at the base of our specimen to take the color to ground level. Full sun in all but the hottest places to dappled shade with decent drainage. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Camellia japonica 'Flirtation'
A delicious camellia propagated by cuttings from a southeast Portland garden once the property of a camellia collector and now owned by well-known Portlanders, John & Capriel Pence. To 8-10 ft tall as a large shrub or lifted to tree shape, these flower in late winter to early spring, the single flowers both clear and vibrant light pink. Best in part sun with regular summer water at least until well-established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Camellia japonica 'Silver Waves'
It's the lovely flowers that set this winter blooming camellia apart -- large, semi-double flowers of the whitest white with wavy-edged petals and generous yellow stamens -- a standout against the dark green, typical C. japonica foliage. An upright and slow-growing shrub that can reach 10-12 ft tall x 3-8 ft wide in time. Evergreen, of course, and enjoying part shade in rich, acid soil that drains well. Mulch as winter protection for shallow roots and water regularly in the summer. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Lovely hybrid camellia from Japan with a pyramidal form and warm, candy pink flowers in late winter to early spring. To 8-10 ft tall in sun to part shade with regular summer water. These are frost hardy in USDA zone 8 . Enjoy.
Camellia lutchuensisfragrant camellia
A special tea camellia, dainty in all its parts. The flowers are particularly wonderful; with the sweetest fragrance of any camellia, they are single and white emerging from pink buds as 1-1.5" flared blossoms with the faintest hints of pink. The evergreen leaves, too, are smaller than C. japonica, though still shiny dark green. Plants reach to 6 ft tall or a bit more x 3-4 ft wide in acid soil, protected from the hottest sun and provided regular summer water. Fully frost hardy to 18 to 20F, USDA zone 8b, protection should be provided when temperatures drop below 15 to 18F. A fine container plant.
Camellia sinensis 'Tea Breeze'
Traditional tea plant for green and black teas, a vigorous, evergreen shrub, to 4-10 ft tall and wide, but easily kept smaller through pruning or, perhaps, regular harvesting of the glossy green leaves. A fall-blooming species, this form from Kunming Botanic Garden produces fragrant white flowers in early autumn. Best in full sun to part shade where the soil is richly organic and summer water is provided regularly. Frost hardy to at least 0F, USDA zone 7.
Rare in commerce, this southern Chinese species has glossy green leaves, handsome year round, but its small white pendulous winter flowers that scent a February chill day are divine. Small, evergreen shrub, to 5-8 ft, best in half sun. Regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Camellia x maliflora
One of the original garden hybrids, a heritage plant of unknown parentage, this densely leaved shrub has shiny, evergreen foliage and , covers itself with blush-rose, double flowers in spring. Reaches 6-8 ft tall x 5-6 ft wide. Sun to part shade in well-drained acidic soil with regular summer water. Keep the roots cool with mulch. One of the hardiest to frost of the large flowering hybrids, USDA zone 7.
Canna 'Blueberry Sparkler'
Truly splendid canna, the leaves, purple on top and blue-gray underneath, create a perfect backdrop for the pink flowers that repeat all summer long. To 6 ft tall in one season. Lovely as a garden accent, alone or in a group. Best, in sun to part shade with plentiful irrigation in summer and well-drained soil to avoid sogginess in winter. Mulch for better winter protection. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7 so no need to dig and store for the winter.
Peach apricot flowers and dusty purple narrow leaves on this vigorous 6-8 ft plant. Full to half sun with summer water and good drainage for winter protection. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8. It will change your life.
Small and charming canna lily with bright red and yellow blossoms in mid summer. To only 3 ft tall, these fit anywhere in the garden where there is lots of light, well-drained soil, and plentiful summer water. Frost hardy in the ground if not allowed to get water logged in winter. Often used in constructed wetlands to filter industrial waste water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Canna indica - Red Hybrid
Taller Canna indica with bright solid red blossoms in mid summer. Bright, glossy leaves. To 4 ft tall, these fit anywhere in the garden where there is lots of light, well-drained soil, and plentiful summer water. Frost hardy in the ground if not allowed to get water logged in winter. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
A wonderful species canna with dark burgundy stems, deep green leaves and cherry-red flowers from late spring through frost. As with most species canna, the flowers are smaller, more elegant, and they fall freely from the spike, maintaining a tidy look without much effort on your part. Grows to 6 feet high. Full to part sun, rich soil and summer water for the best growth. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, or so, give it good drainage and mulch in winter for extra protection. Great for the hardy tropical garden.
Canna x generalis 'Marabout'
Georgeous canna with broad green leaves with a prominent mid-rib and, in summer, brilliant orange-red flowers attract hummingbirds galore, not to mention neighbors and passing strangers from summer into fall. To about 6 ft tall, quickly forming multi-stemmed trunks in sun with plentiful summer water and well-drained soil for protection in winter. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Carex elata 'Aurea'
bowles' golden sedge
This golden-edged, medium sized, deciduous sedge is a bright, glowing spot in any border. A clumping grass, to 18-30" tall and wide, blooming in late spring. Easy to grow in part to full shade with lots of water, even shallow standing water. Easily moved and divided as well. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Carex flacca 'Blue Zinger'
Blue Zinger Sedge
A tufted sedge with blue-gray foliage. This slowly spreading grass eventually forms a small carpet.
6 to 12in tall, spreading to 18in wide. Sun to part sun. Evergreen. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5. Occasional summer water. Easy
When only the true touch of bronze will do... Wispy, 18" foliage on this everbrown New Zealand sedge. Full to part sun, normal summer water. Clumping.
Water-loving sedge for full sun to partial shade in moist soil or even in standing water. Grassy leaves are evergreen, growing in small bunches and spreading by underground rhizomes to form large clumps. Flower spikes are purplish black and stand above the leaves in April-July. Great for erosion control in damp places. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Carex phyllocephala 'Sparkler'palm sedge
Tony Avent describes these as tiny variegated palm trees, but you might get the picture. This evergreen, variegated sedge is best on a moist site and out of the blasty sun. To 12-15" high with mini-papryus-like foliage. Handsome in the woodland garden and stunning in a container. From Japan and frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7.
Carex platyphylla 'Blue Satin'
A wonderful introduction by Woodlanders Nursery and related to Carex plantaginea. Though frost hardy below USDA zone 5, above zone 7 it remains evergreen with iridescent blue-green leaves glowing in even the deepest of shade. A great contrast to yellows in the garden. Regular moisture, full shade to dappled sun. Cut back in early spring to renew growth.
Graceful, frost hardy, ever-orange sedge from New Zealand to brighten the garden year round. Best in half sun with regular summer moisture. Do not cut back in winter or spring – it will look like a very bad hair day for quite some time. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6 or lower.
new zealand broom
Sweetly scented pea shrub from the South Island, New Zealand, to only 3-5 ft tall with green flattened branches instead of leaves and a somewhat weeping form. Lavender flowers are abundant in spring and summer and intensely fragrant. Best in sun with adequate summer water though tolerant of some summer drought. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Surprise! These really are the famed saguaro cactus, iconic plant of the southwest, a very young version to be sure with their round bodies and giganto white thorns. But they grow up, very slowly, eventually forming thick stems with 2" thorns on the ribs, and often producing branches that curve upward. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9, so think of pot culture.
Carpenteria californica - Sean’s Clone
Though it's name is not the most imaginative, this plant is from our collection, around 1990, in its limited distribution in the foothills of the Western Sierra Nevada. It is a particularly vigorous clone with a rounded form, large, glossy leaves that remain a bit more sturdily evergreen with summer drought, and nice clusters of late spring flowers, white with yellow stamens -- smaller than the popular cultivar 'Elizabeth,' but more numerous and with ruffled petals that appear almost double. Can be trimmed into a hedge or "lifted" to reveal the flaky, golden bark. Accepting of summer water on the West Coast, these are also quite drought hardy in well-drained soil and full sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy to 8F, upper USDA zone 7.
Carpenteria californica 'Elizabeth'bush anemone
One of the oldest cultivars of this beautiful, broadleaved evergreen shrub, native only to a few hillsides in Fresno County, California. We prefer it lifted every so slightly to a miniature tree of 6-8 ft to show off its gorgeous flaking bark. From mid-spring to early summer and sometimes later the stunning white flowers are framed beautifully by the dark, 3" glossy leaves. Prefers summer drought but able to withstand garden water in cooler summer areas or with compost free and free-draining soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8
Carpinus caroliniana JSM
Handsome, deciduous, single or multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, growing slowly up to 20-30 ft tall and wide, with gray, sinewy bark and simple, serrated, leaves, blue-green above and yellow beneath in summer changing to bright autumn colors in yellow, orange and red. A fine tree or screen for sun or shade in fertile soil with regular summer moisture. Tolerates some drought as well as occasional flooding. Frost hardy to -35F, USDA zone 3b. This clone collected by Joshua McCullough.
Sweet perennial, to 2 ft tall, from the Mediterranean areas of Europe and Africa with silver-green foliage and blue-lavender flowers from mid summer to autumn. Drought tolerant once established and easy in the garden. Full sun and well-drained soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Ceanothus 'Autumnal Blue'
Abundant flowers of a rich lavender-blue appear in late summer into autumn and intermittently all year on this award winning shrub. Fast growing to 8-10 ft tall and wide with an open and upright habit. Striking, shiny foliage is 2+" long, finely toothed, and softer than many of the genus. A handsome addition to the garden in full sun and well-drained soil. Evergreen into the upper teens F, upper USDA zone 8, and frost hardy into upper USDA zone 7.
Ceanothus 'Blue Jeans'
Reliable hybrid blue bush. Long used but not often available. Strangely more commonly offered in the United Kingdom than in the western US. 4 ft sprays of 1/2" scalloped and rounded leaves with faded blue flowers from March through May and occasionally through the rest of the year should no hard frosts occur. Can reach 8-10 ft wide but easily trimmed. This cultivar is long-lived if given mineral soil and free drainage with bright light. Best in a pot or kept extra dry in the Southeast, but only as an experiment. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, on the West Coast.
Ceanothus 'Blue Sapphire'blue sapphire california lilac
A new entry into the spectrum of California lilics, this low-growing shrub, with arching branches and, in spring, deep and brilliant blue flowers against dark foliage background, is the perfect plant for a border or a bank. Evergreen, to around 3 ft tall x 5 ft wide, plants are drought tolerant though willing to accept summer water where the drainage is good. Bright sun enhances the already fabulous foliage and flower colors. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
One of the large and gorgeous ceanothus shrubs, evergreen to 6 ft tall and spreading to 10 ft or more. Small, dark leaves and flowers that are red in bud and open to dark blue in early summer. Best in sun with lean soil and very little summer water once established. Frost hardy to USDA zone 8.
Ceanothus 'Cynthia Postan'
From the much beloved Ceanothus 'Concha', this cultivar is a seedling selected by Lady Cynthia Postan at Cambridge University in England. Slightly smaller than 'Concha', to 6-8 ft or more, these form a dense mound of small, glossy, dark green leaves covered in spring with fragrant, blue-purple flowers from reddish buds. Full sun and average soil with little or no summer water once established. Easily accepts trimming and pruning. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Ceanothus 'Joyce Coulter'
One of the first ‘modern’ ceanothus cultivars and still one of the best. Medium blue (and quite fragrant) flowers, in larger clusters, on an evergreen shrub up to 5 ft tall x 8 ft wide, smaller in colder climates. Handsome large glossy leaves. Somewhat tolerant of heavy soils. Full to part sun and very little summer water. Cold hardy to at least USDA zone 8 and possibly into zone 7.
Ceanothus 'Julia Phelps'
small leaf mountain lilac
Small leaved ceanothus to 8-10 ft tall x 6-8 ft wide. In spring Julia Phelps is covered with dark lilac-blue flowers, sweet to us and delicious to bees and hummers. The flower texture is lovely, the flowers gorgeous. Evergreen and drought tolerant these are best in lean, well-drained soil, with little or no summer water once established. Sun, of course, or just a bit of afternoon shade. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Ceanothus 'Oregon Mist'california lilac
One of the best new ceanothus introductions, this collected from near Cape Blanco on the Oregon coast by plantsmen Paul Bonine and Greg Shepherd. Though originally thought to be rather diminutive, our plants have grown to nearly 15 ft in 6 years, so we now declare it a small tree adorned with delicate, 1/3” green glossy leaves and dusky blue flowers throughout the year in mild climates and especially in spring and fall with inland heat. When pruned into standards, the delightful green bark can be exposed, sure to elicit squeals of delight at your next open garden. Sun to light shade. Tolerant of some summer garden water but long lived and slower growing without water. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7, at least.
Ceanothus 'Puget Blue'california lilac
An old Pacific Northwest clone that endures our wet winters as well as our rare Arctic outbreaks. Lavender blue flowers cover this 8+ ft shrub in early spring. Full sun and well-drained soil with not much supplemental water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Ceanothus 'Tuxedo'tuxedo california lilac
A lovely sport from Ireland of C. ‘Autumnal Blue' with nearly black foliage and the deepest blue flowers, making it one of the most unique forms yet. Its parentage includes summer rainfall C. americanus so, though accepting of drought, it is tolerant of summer garden water. Evergreen (well, black), long-lived, and exciting. To 4-5 ft eventually. Sun is best for deepest color, but holds up well in medium shade. Very good hedging or container plant. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Silver-blue leaved, white-flowered California lilac, a chaparral component from Baja to western Oregon. This evergreen shrub grows 4-5 ft tall, forming a rounded shape. Great for places with summer drought in full sun where there is very good drainage. Should be frost hardy to 0 to 10F, USDA zone 7 or even colder.
Ceanothus cuneatus - Adair Village, OR
One of the most northerly collections of this silver-blue leaved, white-flowered California lilac, a chaparral component from Baja to western Oregon, this from dry, gravelly hills in the northern Willamette valley. Evergreen (silver!), to 4-5 ft, forming rounded shrubs for places with summer drought and…..the Mediterranean look. Full sun with very good drainage. Should be frost hardy to 0 to 10F, USDA zone 7, or even colder.
Ceanothus gloriosus ssp. exaltatus 'Emily Brown'
When looking for a ground covering ceanothus, Emily pops her head up first. Fast growing and mounding to 3 ft x 10 ft wide with evergreen, holly-like leaves and deep purple-blue flowers in spring. A selection of coastal ceanothus. Very garden tolerant, much more so than other ceanothus. Sun to light shade; drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Ceanothus griseus 'Atomizer'atomizer carmel creeper
A Cistus introduction. This sport of the variable 'Diamond Heights' occurred in our garden, the leaves splashed with microdots of gold and green - no not a virus but really attractive. Given that, we dubbed the plant atomizer as the foliage indeed looks painted lightly with spray paint in various shades of green cream and gold. Only slightly less vigorous than the species. A superb container and/or garden plant preferring, for us, a bit of afternoon shade. Native of protected coastal climes, these should be protected below 15-20F. Tolerant of some summer garden water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8b.
santa barbara mountain lilac
Evergreen shrub, to 6-10 ft tall and wide, with small, crinkley leaves, evergreen and aromatic, and cobalt blue flowers in spring. For full sun to light shade in well-drained soil with very little summer water necessary once established. These do well in coastal settings where conditions are similar to their native habitat. Easily frost hardy in USDA zone 8, recovering from temperatures in zone 7.
Ceanothus impressus 'Vandenberg'
A new favorite, a compact plant from east of the Santa Lucia Mountains in northern California. Forms a dense mound with tiny, crinkled leaves and bright blue, airy flowers in April and May. To 4 ft tall, eventually taller, x 6 ft wide but easily pruned or sheared for size and shape. Best in sun, mineral soil, and little summer water once established, though accepting of summer garden water in cool areas. Cold hardy in USDA zone 7b.
Ceanothus maritimus 'Popcorn'
Low-growing California lilac, with typically small, leathery leaves but untypical white flowers in abundant, early spring clusters. This evergreen, mounding shrub, to 2-3 ft tall x 6 ft wide, makes a fine groundcover for banks or any sunny garden spot. Prefers well-drained soil and very little summer water once established. Cold hardy into the low teens F, bottom of USDA zone 8.
Ceanothus parryi 'Benton Blue'
A Cistus introduction, our selection from a rather rare Oregon occurrence of this species. Narrow in form to an upright 12-15 ft, possibly a bit more, with ever-so-slightly furry, narrow, evergreen leaves, a distinctive purple blue caste primarily from the winter twigs, and large clusters of sky-blue flowers in early spring to early summer and occasionally at other times of the year. We believe this plant has fine potential as a small garden or street tree, on its way to becoming one of our favorite natives. Good drainage, of course, in full sun to half shade, and little to no summer water once established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Black Diamond'
This variegated selection of the common coastal deerbrush, has striking leaves of yellow with green markings and medium blue flowers covering the branches in early spring, adding brightness to a shady spot. Forms a large shrub to small tree that can reach 15 ft tall x 10 ft easily where summer water is provided. Best in part shade, with protection from the western sun. Accepting of summer water and tolerant of summer drought - slower growing as well. Prune, if needed, in the summer. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cephalotaxus harringtonia 'Fastigata'
japanese plum yew
Intensely vertical "cow’s tail pine" from Japan, slow growing, eventually reaching 10 ft tall x 6 ft wide over a long time. Evergreen and a rich dark green, the new growth appears as paler green creating a nice contrast. Best in morning sun with afternoon shade, with regular summer water. Makes an excellent, very hardy accent or exclamation point for the garden. Cold hardy to USDA zone 6.
curl-leaf mountain mahogany
Native, evergreen shrub to small tree, from 5 - 15 ft tall, a creature of high plains deserts or the steppe environment of mountains just below tree zone with shiny, dark green foliage against white bark, and small flowers that turn into interesting seeds, adding interest. Makes a perfect hedge or screen in a hot, sunny spot where soil is lean and drains well. Little summer water once established. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
The flowers on this Mediterranean annual are out of this world! Blue-purple bells dangle like precious jewels from glaucous, rubbery leaves. A lover of cool spring weather, this charmer does best in average to poor soil with sun and a splash of water now and again. Will reseed if happy. 2 ft x 2 ft. Annual in all zones.
This false quince from China suggests an artists rendition of what a quince could be in its ultimate expression. A large, graceful shrub to small tree, to about 12 ft, the bark exfoliates beautifully in jigsaw puzzle patterns of bronze, orange, and cream. The foliage is rounded to about 4", and a pretty, shiny green, turning coppery orange and red in late fall, and often remaining through the winter only to shed as new growth appears or with severe cold. Careful pruning maintains small tree shape. Early spring flowers of apple blossom pink give way to rounded, yellow, waxy fruit, sort of papaya-shaped to about 6", with a strong fragrance of quince and lemon. Wonderful for an indoor bowl of "living potpourri", refreshing an entire room ... possibly the whole neighborhood. A plant for bright light to only dappled shade. Drought tolerant though summer water speeds growth. We know it is frost hardy in USDA zone 7; probably ok, but deciduous in zone 6.
Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Filifera Aurea'
golden japanese false cypress
Bright, evergreen shrub with golden, weeping, thread-like foliage that stands out in any garden spot. This is a dense, semi-dwarf shrub, to only 6-7 ft tall in more than 10 years, with peeling, red bark that contrasts with the yellow foliage. Best in a bit of shade where soil is rich and moist but well-drained. Tolerates drought as well but grows more quickly with some summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4.
Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Glauca Pendula'atlantic white cedar
Evergreen shrub to small tree from the southeastern United States, fast-growing to 8 ft tall, eventually to 15 ft or so, with spreading, pendulous branches and green-blue foliage etched white. Yum! Great accent for full sun and fertile, well-drained soil where it can receive summer water. Frost hardy to USDA zone 5 and possibly colder with good drainage and ample water.
Chamaecyparis thyoides 'Iceberg'
A cute little mounding conifer that looks great all year long. This is a dwarf selection of the eastern U.S. native white cedar with white tipped new growth that ages to sage green. Grows to about 2 ft high and 3 ft wide. Full to part sun, well-drained soil, and occasional summer water. Hardy to 30 below F. USDA zone 4.
mexican parlor palm
This little sweetheart thrives for us in the Portland area, weathering winters well and happy as a clam in half shade with consistent moisture. Single stems, but spreads by suckers. From our own collections in NE Mexico. Tops out at waist height. Mulch well.
mediterranean fan palm
This palm is a fixture of old Portland gardens with stiff armed foliage and multi-trunked exuberance. Eventually to 5-10 ft tall by 5 ft wide. Site in full to part sun. Cold hardy in upper USDA zone 8 but be prepared to throw a blanket over it at ±15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Chamaerops humilis var. cerifera - blue formmediterranean fan palm
Chalky blue-leaved form of the Mediterranean fan palm from above the tree line in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco. Multitrunked to 6 ft, becoming a palm mound with age. Best with great heat (near concrete, afternoon sun). Said to be the hardiest form of the species. Seed collected in the wild by Martin Gibbons. Evergreen to 15F and able to resprout in USDA zone 8.
Yellow Mountain Mesemb, Yellow Swallowtail Mesemb
Extremely tough and easy to grow succulent groundcover that forms a tight mat of evergreen foliage and a long-blooming display of bright yellow flowers that open in the afternoon sun. Water regularly in summer but allow to dry out between. Needs little to no winter irrigation, so valuable as an attractive potted specimen planted in porous soil. Part sun to full sun, if acclimated. Frost hardy to -10 degrees.
hairy lip fern
A gorgeous, drought tolerant fern for sun or part shade with soft, gray-green fronds on dark brown stipes, to only 8" tall x 15" wide. Found in the eastern and mid-western US on rocky slopes and cliffs so good drainage is a must in the rock garden or in containers. Tolerates periods of drought but occasional light watering is welcome in the summer. Evergreen in USDA zone 8 and frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cheilanthes tomentosawooly lip fern
A fern for the sunny garden as long as the drainage is excellent. Native to the southern United States, this fern earns its common name, the foliage silver green on top with fuzzy white undersides. Very nice. Grows by underground rhizomes to only 8-12” tall. Takes part shade as well as sun in gritty soil with occasional summer water. Cold hardy to USDA zone 6.
Chlorophytum 'Gold Nugget'gold nugget spider plant
From the Drakensburgs of eastern South Africa and shared with us by plantsman Gary Hammer, this is essentially a dwarf, variegated, ground-covery spider plant -- with no macramé hangers needed. (Does anyone remember macramé?) Has been a wonderful addition to container plantings for us with its 6", light cream and green striped leaves and has been hardy in the ground, frosting back only when temperatures drop to 20F, USDA zone 9, though we would recommend a mulch with such temperatures. Even summer moisture; bright light to fairly deep shade. Decent drainage best.
mexican mock orange
Lovely, golden form of the Mexican orange, an evergreen shrub, to 6 ft tall or so and 4-5 ft wide, the narrow leaves pale yellow in new growth maturing to green, a bi-color contrast. Foliage is aromatic as well, emitting a spicy-sweet smell when brushed or crushed. Single white flowers are abundant in spring and often again in fall. Protection from the western sun is best in the hottest climates; otherwise full sun to part shade in well drained soil with some summer water. A great landscape plant, easy and rewarding. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Choisya ternata 'Sundance'mexican orange
Golden foliaged Mexican orange contrasts nicely with its green leaved parent. Evergreen shrub, to 3-5 ft tall and wide, with shiny, dense, aromatic foliage and citrus-scented white flowers in spring, occasionally in summer with a second flush in autumn. Full sun to morning sun in hottest climates and regular garden water. Cold hardy to USDA zone 8.
This stunning South African restio has arching, evergreen foliage, wispy on reed-like stems to 3-5 ft or so, with brown flowers appearing on the stem tipes. Very striking and useful as an accent in the garden, but truly shines in a container. Though the native habitat is wet, these accept both drenched and dry conditions once established. Full to part sun. Protect at 20F, the bottom of USDA zone 9.
Chrysanthemum x rubellum 'Clara Curtis'
Terrific perennial for ground cover, garden accent, or pot specimen in full sun to light shade with regular summer water. Foliage is a very respectable blue-green that is completely covered in late summer/early autumn by profuse daisy-like flowers, wonderfully warm pink with yellow centers -- a pink everyone can love. Forms clumps 2-3 ft tall by 2 ft wide, spreading underground. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Upright, solid-caned, well mannered, clumping bamboo with “bottlebrush” branch arrangement. To 8-10 ft tall. New shoots are a breathtaking red, pink and green fading to white. For sun and summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7. From Chile, there are ideal as specimen plants or statements in a South American design.
Cinnamomum japonicum - blue leaf form
Yet another fantastic broadleaved evergreen tree, reaching an eventual 30 ft with a narrow pyramidal form. Our original plant was plucked from a particularly blue-leaved specimen in Nanjing China. The narrow leaves have attractive parallel veins and are dark and shiny above with a reflective blue beneath. Clusters of pale yellow flowers appear in late-winter and spring. Sun or dappled shade with occasional summer water in dry areas. One of the hardier camphors, it has withstood USDA zone 7 temperatures with little damage. A fine garden tree or courtyard tree.
Shared with us by Woodlanders Nursery, having been received there as C. porrectum though appearing a bit more toward C. japonicum but with more graceful leaves, narrowly triangular and deep green with prominent veins and a lighter underside. Has grown to 25 ft so far with a narrow upright form. Requires dappled shade to full sun with summer water in dry climates. Appears tough and frost hardy to at least the top of USDA zone 7 (Cinnamomum parthenoxylon is a synonym.)
Cinnamomum porrectum - Cliff Parks Coll/Avent
One of the loveliest of the cinnamomums and, as luck would have it, the most frost hardy. This clone, a tree to 20-30 ft from Tony Avent's garden, has 2", quaking aspen-shaped leaves that are shiny green above and blue beneath – with, indeed the aroma of camphor where brushed or crushed. Stems, often red tinted, add to the excitement. This might be one of the best new broadleaved evergreens in … weeks. Happy if provided dappled shade to full sun and occasional summer water in driest places. Has been frost hardy – make that freeze hardy with no leaf damage -- to under 10F, uppermost USDA zone 7.
Cistanthe grandiflora 'Bill Teague'
Another form of C. grandiflora, the rosettes of blue-green leaves much bluer in this form given to us and named by Bart O'Brien's from garden in Pomona, California. To about 3 ft across, like the species, a small, succulent, branching shrubs, with cerise flowers on airy stems to 3 ft tall in spring and again in late summer . Best in sun and well-drained soil with little water required. Frost hardy into the mid 20s F, USDA zone 9b for outdoor planting, and a superb "temperennial" or container plant to winter indoors where temperatures dip lower.
Cistus 'Little Gem'rock rose
A small rockrose, one of Eric Sammons hybrids, with narrow green foliage on reddish stems and, best of all, spring flowers of pure white. Very striking. To 3 ft tall x 4 ft wide. Happy in sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant once established but accepts occasional summer water. Cold hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistus 'Snow Fire'rockrose
A reasonably new cultivar from the UK raised by Eric Sammons. Five deep maroon patches at the base of wide and overlapping, pure white petals. A spreader to 2 ft or so high and 5 ft wide. Loves lean soils and dry summers. A rather pleasant scent on warm nights as well. Full sun. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8. Though newer in cultivation, already a favorite of many gardeners.
Small and dense, evergreen shrub to only about 3 ft tall and wide with particularly attractive undulate leaves coated with fur ... yes (actually silky hairs) ... that create a jewel-like effect when moist. Spring flowers are large and dark pink with yellow centers, appearing in spring, lovely against the slightly olive-green foliage. For full sun, lean and well-drained soil, and little summer water once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistus ladanifer var. sulcatus 'Mallorca'
A wild selection from our good friend and island hopper Kevin Hughes, recently of Spinner’s Nursery, Hampsted. He spotted it as a witch’s broom. The leaves are small and delicate but the flowers retain the overwhelming size of the ‘normal plant’. To 2 ft tall and wide. Full sun, good drainage, and very little summer water to avoid root problems. Frost hardy in mid USDA zone 8.
Cistus libanotis 'Major'rock rose
A vigorous and free flowering rock rose, to 4 ft, evergreen, its dark, narrow leaves creating a somewhat delicate texture. In spring, erect racemes of white flowers with red sepals appear at the end of each branch. Like the species, found growing on rocky slopes in southern Portugal and Spain, this form likes good drainage and mineral soil in full sun. Drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistus sp. - prostrate form
A hybrid rockrose, evergreen and, in this form, low growing, to only 12-16” tall and to around 3 ft wide. Nice on walls where it can hang over a bit. Leaves are narrow, pointed and bright green, providing a textured backdrop for the pure white flowers, showy in May and July. Best in full sun, lean and light well-drained soil, and little to no summer water once established. Also adapted to seaside conditions tolerating high winds and salt spray. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistus x bornetianus 'Jester'
Lovely rockrose with soft pink flowers from May through June and evergreen silvery foliage. Grows to about 4 ft high and 3 ft wide, and can be tip pruned in winter for compactness and better spring flowering. Loves sun and summer drought. Most deer think it tastes kind of yucky. Frost hardy to 5F, USDA zone 7b.
Cistus x canescens 'Albus'
Dense growing, evergreen shrub, to 3-4 ft tall x 2 ft wide, with 2” long, silver-green leaves and a rounded form. The spring flowers are white, as the name suggests, and very large, to 3" across, with crinkled edges and bright yellow-orange centers. Drought tolerant once established and lovers of bright light and mineral soil that drains well. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Cistus x dansereaui 'Portmeirion'rock rose
Evergreen rock rose, a cross between C. ladanifer and C. inflatus, this selection being somewhat more diminutive than the species, clumping to 4 ft tall or so x 4 ft wide. Leaves are shiny green, and slightly sticky from the infusion of slightly aromatic labdanum oil from the C. ladnifer parent. Spring flowers are pure white and somewhat ruffled. An excellent choice for the dry garden in sun and good drainage. Summer drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Cistus x florentinus
Nicely mounding, delicate-looking, white-flowering Cistus that will reach 3' in height and 5-6' in width over time. Deep green leaves provide nice contrast to the almost all-white flower petals. Full sun is best with excellent drainage, though it will adapt to almost any soil condition. Indeed a tough plant that is very drought tolerant once established and can handle salt air and high winds. USDA zone 8.
Cistus x gardianus
Another lovely Mediterranean rockrose, this one with small crinkled evergreen leaves and large, chiffon-pink, ruffled petals. Grows to about 3 ft x 3 ft in full sun with little or no summer water once established. Makes a good low hedge or just a cheerful spring blooming specimen in the dry garden. Tip pruning after blooming encourages a denser habit. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Citrus ichangensisichang papeda
Wonderful large shrub that can be pruned into a small tree, to 8-10 ft or more. Narrow, evergreen leaves and, believe it or not, attractive green branches and spines. Fragrant flowers produced in spring and summer become small orange ...uh... oranges that are a bit bitter for eating out of hand but fine made into juices in times of famine. Really, we grow it for the look. Sun to dappled shade. Has survived temperatures below 0F. We consider it frost hardy to 10F, the USDA zone 8 range, if water has been withheld in autumn for hardening.
Clematis armandii 'Snowdrift'
Stunning, white and sweetly fragrant, star-shaped flowers nearly cover the long and leathery, dark green foliage of this vigorous, evergreen vine in spring. A fast grower, to 10-25 ft tall at maturity and spreading to 5-6 ft wide, these can climb, travel along fences, or scramble along the ground as a ground cover. Best where the flowers can be seen and enjoyed. Enjoys sun to light shade on top and shaded feet to keep cool. Regular summer water. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Clematis cirrhosa 'Wisley Cream'
Vigorous, evergreen, vine with creamy, bell-shaped, sweetly scented flowers in profusion November through March. Not the showiest of clematis, but a welcome winter performer with dark green leaves that bronze a bit in the cold. Silky seedheads add interest, persisting into summer. Plant out of winter winds in bright light where roots are cool and foliage is in the sun. Prefers regular summer water and good drainage. Very nice in containers. Frost hardy to USDA zone 8.
Clematis tibetana var. vernayi
It is hard to believe this strikingly architectural vine is a relative of the loved and maligned C. tangutica. Reaches to about 10 ft, with finely dissected leaves looking as if they have been cut from metal. From mid to late summer and into the fall, waxy, six-petalled, yellow flowers appear looking as if they have been cut from orange rind. These are followed by large, fluffy, white seed heads every bit as beautiful as the flowers. An easy grower in dappled shade to full sun. Drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy from 6F to near 0F, mid USDA zone 7 and below.
Clerodendrum trichotomum 'Golden Glory'golden glorybower
Though having much the same shape as the species, this slightly smaller cultivar, to 10-12 ft with umbrella form, has striking golden leaves often tinted orange when emerging and fading to spring green in mid to late season. Fragrant white flowers appear in mid to late summer followed by metallic blue, red-bracted fruit. A handsome addition to the garden in bright light for best color and at least occasional summer water where dry. Can colonize with root disturbance - a good or bad thing. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Clerodendrum trichotomum 'Spring Purple'spring purple glorybower
A purple-flushed leaf form of the classic harlequin glory bower. This form found in an old Portland garden courtyard by Josh McCollough. Having slightly smaller leaves with great purple coloring in the spring, slowly greening with more purple returning on new growth in summer. Likely the variety; C. trichotomum var. fargesii. A good street tree for Portland, though seldom used, with sweet smelling, white flowers in late summer, perfuming the neighborhood especially at night. Turquoise berries framed by crimson bracts add to fall fun. Foliage is aromatic as well -- think peanut butter. To 10 ft tall or so in full sun for best flowers and fruits and water occasionally in summer. Planting in reach of a lawn mower eliminates pesky suckers. Easily frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Colletia hystrixbarbed wire bush
A very prickly shrub, as one of its common names, crucifixion thorn suggests, but also striking with its tiny, inconspicuous, deciduous leaves on gray-green, rounded spine-tipped stems that do most of photosynthesis. Produces abundant, tiny, scented, tubular, white flowers in late summer-autumn. Slowly to 4-6 ft tall and wide, (larger over a long time but clippers can be used) in full sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant but accepting of summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zones 8.
The hardiest taro for Portand, this smaller version of Elephant Ears grows in moist, rich soil and can be left in the ground over winter. Irridescent blue-green leaves with a center sploch on 18” stems. Excellent in a container or as an addition to the moist garden. Zone 8
Japanese Bamboo Fern
A useful, narrow-leaved fern that deserves more attention. Unlike its cousin, Coniogramme japonica, this fern (recently elevated to species level) remains smaller and tighter in formation, reaching about 3' in width and 15-18" in height. Truthfully, it doesn't look much like a fern but closer to a dwarf bamboo. Excellent for hillsides and thicket plantings beneath high-canopied trees where rich, moist soil is guaranteed. Part sun to light shade best. Cold hardy to 15 degrees.
Convallaria majalis 'Albostriata'
Very cool pinstriped lily-of-the-valley that grows to 9" tall in colonies. One of the most useful groundcovers for shade, this one adds a distinctive contrast to the green of shade gardens by its delicate, variegated appearance. Spreads easily but will need to be divided over time to maintain flowering. Plant in a woodsy soil in filtered sun or deep shade, underneath trees or among other woodland plants, such as ferns and crinums. USDA zone 3-8.
Convallaria majalis 'Rosea'
Fragrant, light pink-flowered form of lily-of-the-valley. Excellent groundcover in part to full shade that spreads aggressively by creeping rhizomes. Flowers are clustered and bell-shaped, leaves strappy and blue-green. Naturalizes easily underneath shrubs or small trees or woodland areas. Though colonies can be left undisturbed for years, it is best to divide them periodically to promote continual blooms. Does poorly in hot climates, so keep in shade. Prefers rich soil but will survive in almost any soil type. USDA zones 2-8.
Coprosma 'Beatson's Gold'
One of the early coprosmas to migrate to North America from New Zealand via England, this tiny-leaved shrub grows to a layered 3 ft or so in height by about 4 ft wide with bronzed stems and pea-green leaves blotched with mustard yellow. Even moisture. Though frost hardy to low USDA zone 8, every coprosma makes a fabulous pot specimen or filler with C. 'Beatson's Gold' looking particularly fetching with maroons and oranges.
Coprosma 'Black Cloud'
A superb evergreen shrublet for a sunny spot, this New Zealand native has glossy green leaves tinged with black and a very attractive branching habit. To 3 ft tall x 3 ft wide in somewhat lean soil with regular summer water. Great in a container too. Surprisingly cold hardy, tolerating temperatures around 15F, USDA zone 8b in a protected spot with mulch.
Coprosma 'Cutie'australian mirror bush
Newish release from New Zealand with small, particularly glossy, deep green leaves edged in black and marked with browns, all turning dark bronze in cooler weather. Perhaps more handsome than cute, but still rather small, to 2 ft tall x 3 ft wide, perfect for a protected spot in a small garden. Where temperatures regularly fall below 20F, best in a protected spot in full to part sun and well-drained soil with regular garden water. Reliably frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9, possibly 8b in perfect conditions.
Coprosma 'Evening Glow'
Semi-dwarf New Zealand shrub with stunning foliage, variegated in green, golden, orange and pink! Evergreen, to 4-5 ft or so tall and wide with a pyramidal form that is easily trimmed. Plant in well-drained soil in cool sun or medium shade with some summer water.Cold hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9; protect or use as a container plant.
Coprosma 'Pina Colada'
Tired of the same old thing? Well, this new Coprosma cultivar, aptly named after the Jimmy Buffet song where two lovers find each other again through an ad in the personals, might just do the same for your garden. Wavy leaves in yellow-gold, orange, and red make this upright, evergreen shrub a real showstopper. Full sun in coastal areas and part shade further inland. Excellent in pots. Hardy to 20.
Coprosma repens 'Marble Queen'
Flora gives this New Zealand shrub a star. A small, evergreen shrub, 3-5 ft tall x 46 ft wide, The leaves are variegated, speckled white, and fruit is orangey-red. Tolerates sea-side conditions in full sun. Otherwise, best with part shade and regular water. Cold hardy in USDA zones 9-11.
Coprosma repens 'Rainbow Surprise'willy wonka boxwood
Choice, tender, evergreen shrub that's hardly green at all. Yellow margins are flushed pink on green leaves -- all the colors darkening in winter. It's like adding paprika to your container. To 5 ft x 3 ft over time. Flowers are insignificant. Best with protection from afternoon sun except in cool coastal climates. Well drained soil and occasional to regular summer water. Can be sheared. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9.
Cordyline 'Cha Cha'
Part of the Dancing Series of new Cordylines--including Polka, Salsa, Jive, and Can Can--this cultivar has a kaleidoscope of colors, starting out pink and peach and maturing to green and yellow. All colors appear on the 3-4' clump at once, which makes this one a great choice for small pots where the weeping leaves are allowed to spill over the pot edges. Full sun to part shade with frequent waterings in summer. Cold hardy to 20 degrees.
Much overused as an annual though much better as a perennial resident where temperatures allow. Eventually grows into a small tree with multiple crowns of palm-like, bright green foliage just before freezing to the ground in a bad winter, then starting over again. Quite permanent along the Oregon coast or wherever temperatures stay above 20F, USDA zone 9.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Cordyline australis - Wanaka Lake, NZ
At first we thought this collection was C. pumilo but these are slowly forming trunks, so we expect whatever this is to become a multiple trunked, large shrub, especially thrilling for us in that this was a high elevation collection in a place that regularly visits the teens F in the winter with snow. Leaves are green with a most attractive purple flush for much of the season. Grow as for other cordylines in sun to part shade in dampish soil as a container or garden specimen. Ultimate hardiness as yet untested but we are guessing 15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Cordyline australis 'Pink Stripe'
Unusual and hard to find Cordyline, this one having arrived from England 10 years ago. Trunk forming plant with striking foliage -- stunning pink and cream stripes with a green leaf margin. Sun to part shade. Best with some summer water. Can withstand brief bouts in the teens F, USDA zone 8b, longer bouts with protection, and resprouts from as low as 10F, USDA zone 8.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Cordyline australis 'Red Sensation'
red sensation cabbage palm
Another wonderful selection of ths lovely garden accent plant -- this one with with wide leaves in dark purple with almost bluish overtones. Sun to part shade. Best with summer water but fairly drought tolerant. Can withstand short bouts in the teens F, USDA zone 8b, longer with protection, and resprouts from 10F, zone 8.
Cornus angustata 'Elsbry' PP 14, 537 [Empress of ChinaTM]
A gorgeous, tough, and frost hardy evergreen dogwood, selected by plantsman John Eisley for its vigorous growth habits and prolific flowering potential. Growing to 18 ft tall x 15 ft wide, these trees produce creamy white, late spring blooms -- up to 1 1/2" across and so numerous as to completely cover the foliage -- blooms that become lovely red fruit, a feast for birds. The leaves are shiny green, up to 3" long, and last through the winter, dropping only when new spring growth appears. Best in bright light for flowering with protection from the hottest afternoon sun, planted in well-drained soil with summer moisture. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6 and tolerant of both heat and humidity.
Cornus kousa 'Aka tsuki'
red moon kousa dogwood
Stunning, colorful, and hard to find dogwood, found as a sport in a Japanese nursery and only recently available. This small tree or large shrub, to 8-10 ft tall eventually x 5 ft wide, has variegated leaves -- green with white and some hints of red -- that emerge before the flowers which open in late spring as rosy pink on white aging towards red. Bees and hummingbirds love the nectar; birds love the fruit; and everyone loves the fall foliage in shades of red and purple! Sun with protection for hottest afternoon light and regular summer water. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cornus kousa 'Summer Gold' p.p.#22,765
Distinctive, variegated dogwood, the leaves green-centered with gold edges -- very striking, gently variegated foliage that adds a pink overlay through the summer and turns bright red in the fall. A small tree, to 8 ft tall x 4 ft wide with a more upright form than similar plants. Flowers are very showy, a creamy white, covering the tree in early spring. Best in part sun with protection from the hottest afternoon rays where summer water is provided regularly with special attention in very hot periods. Perfect for the small garden. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cornus kousa 'Wolf Eyes'
Large, startling white flowers and boldly variegated leaves make this deciduous dogwood a traffic-stopping plant. The leaves are green edged in cream and the flowers are large and numerous. Summer water is important, and late day shade may help against scorching. Grows to 12 feet tall by 18 feet wide. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cornus mas 'Aurea'
cornelian cherry dogwood
Cornelian cherry with golden foliage and, in late winter, yellow flowers adorning bare stems. Very golden, indeed. his small deciduous tree, to 15 ft tall and wide, also produces red, edible, cherry-like fruit in late summer, striking against the bright foliage. Accepts sun to part shade with the leaves remaining more yellow in brighter light. Regular summer water for best appearance. Frost hardy to at least -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cornus mas 'Variegata'cornelian cherry
A grail plant for many, this strikingly variegated form of the deciduous cornelian cherry, with its green leaves marked in white, reaches 10-12 ft for us, with a compact umbrella shape, and yellow flowers in mid to late winter, followed by deep red, 1/2" fruit (with a pollinating partner) -- indeed, quite tasty, attracting birds, and making a lovely contrast with the glowing, variegated leaves in mid to late summer. Prefers rich moist soil in part shade but does well in full sun with mulch for cool roots and generous summer water. Frost hardy -30F, USDA zone 4. Does poorly in very hot places with high humidity.
Cornus sericea 'Golden Surprise'
golden american dogwood
This more diminutive but every bit as lovely dogwood came as a sport at Hedgerows Nursery from their own C. sericea 'Hedgerows Gold.' Small, to 6-8 ft, with reddish twigs and brilliant yellow leaves that are surprisingly sun resilient for their "golditude". Can be coppiced. Particularly wonderful as foreground to dark-leaved evergreens -- or a snowbank if you live in Montana. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4, possibly lower. Tolerant of wet feet in half shade to sun.
Cornus sericea 'Hedgerows Gold'red twig dogwood
A red-twig dogwood cultivar with the bright red stems that color the winter landscape after the leaves are gone. And what wonderful leaves - bright green with a wide and irregular golden edge! In spring, clusters of tiny white flowers appear followed by white fruit that birds love. This deciduous shrub, to 6-10 ft x 6 ft, can be multistemmed or trained as a small, handsome tree. Best in bright light with protection from afternoon’s hottest sun and regular summer water. Tolerates a wide range of soils, including boggy situations. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Small, graceful, deciduous shrub to small tree, considered endemic to northern California -- this form found in Jackson County Oregon and shared with us by plantsman Frank Callahan. To 5-15 ft tall, with deeply-veined, oval leaves on dark green stems, the leaves turning bright red in fall. Flowers, appearing in March to April, are greenish white and produce small berries (drupes) that turn from red to shiny black and feed many kinds of birds. Best in part to full shade with regular moisture. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Corokia 'Tutti Frutti'
Stunning corokia, evergreen, with foliage colored a mixture of orange, bronze, and yellow! Especially cheerful in spring when little yellow flowers appear, later turning into bright orange berries that feed the birds. Reaches 4-5 ft tall and wide, perfect for a single specimen to brighten a shade spot or as a hedge that could be sheared as well. Best in half shade with good drainage and regular summer water. Frost hardy in upper teens F, USDA zone 8 in a protected spot with mulch.
Corokia cotoneaster 'Antons Dwarf'wire netting bush
A dwarf version of the species, this evergreen, divaricating shrub from New Zealand matures at only 2-3 ft tall or so with delightfully attractive, tangled twiggy growth. Like the species, stems are silver gray with teeny tiny leaves and, in spring, tiny, fragrant yellow flowers. Full sun to part shade with good drainage and summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8. Excellent in a container or at the front of a bed.
Corokia cotoneaster 'Little Prince'
Dwarf version of this odd little dogwood relative from New Zealand. Our parent plants have topped out at about 5 ft. Tiny, evergreen leaves adorn angular and interlaced, fine-textured branches adding, in spring, tiny yellow flowers. Dodo grazing adapted. Sun to part shade with medium summer water. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Corokia x virgata 'Orangerie'
A Cistus introduction. Though we would like to say this lovely plant is a result of years of careful hybridization under tightly controlled circumstances, we actually found it growing on the floor of one of the greenhouses as a tiny seedling. This grows as other C. x virgata forms, to a 6-8 ft shrub, but with a more upright form and butter-yellow-aging-copper-orange leaves with reflective, nearly white, undersides. In the garden, some summer water, the foliage showing warm yellow in light shade to deeper orange in sun. Very good container specimen. Great when planted with burgundies or other dark foliage plants. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Corokia x virgata 'Sunsplash'
variegated wire netting bush
The foliage is green splashed with yellow and very cheerful on this evergreen, 6-8 ft, dogwood relation from New Zealand. Spring flowers are tiny and yellow -- also cheerful. Best in full sun or afternoon shade with regular summer water. Makes a bright screen or garden accent. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8 with leanish soil and a chance to harden off in early autumn or in an especially protected spot. Also does well in pots with indoor winter protection.
Coronilla valentina ssp. glauca 'Variegata'variegated glaucous scorpion-vetch
Variegated form of an obscure plant, though hopefully not for long -- obscure that is.... A Mediterranean shrub, rewarding not only for its soft, blue-streaked-white leaves, but also its canary yellow flowers from late winter through mid-spring then sporadically through the rest of the year. Strongly sweet smelling and most rewarding planted near a path where the foliage stands out and the fragrance can be enjoyed. Quite summer drought tolerant in dappled shade to bright sun. Lean conditions create more compactness. Frost hardy to USDA zone 8.
mountain toetoe grass
Particularly handsome, smaller toetoe to 4 ft x 4 ft, a New Zealand grass closely related to pampas grass. Flowers are tawny white plumes, feathery and slightly arching, appearing in July and August, earlier than the pampas forms, and standing up to 7 ft tall. Broad, grassy, arching leaves, somewhat more refined than other toetoe forms, develop substantial clumps, or tussocks, in sun to part shade. Best in well-drained soil with regular summer moisture but tolerant of some summer drought. Said to be deer resistant. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
One of the most attractive of the large grasses, these New Zealand natives form clumps, to over 6 ft tall, of arching, sharp-edged green leaves topped in summer with nodding plumes of creamy white flowers that last well into winter on stalks to 12 ft. Handsome in the background or as a specimen plant in the garden. Tolerates wind, pollution and, it is said, deer as well. Sun to part shade. A bit drought tolerant but prefers moist soils. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8, possibly 7.
Corydalis curviflora var. rosthornii 'Blue Heron'
Bright sky blue trumpet-shaped flowers atop gray-green ferny foliage. Fragrant too. A selection by Dan Hinkley from Sichuan, China. Part sun to shade. 10in high x 12in wide. Late spring flowers. Summer water where dry. USDA zone 7
Corylopsis aff. pauciflora - evergreen form
Sent to us by Pierre Piroche, this rare, 10-12 ft, gracefully spreading evergreen shrub, collected in the Himalayas, appears to be a form of the more common C. pauciflora with, in this case, winter flowers of light yellow, just a bit fragrant, and most interestingly, evergreen leaves, to about 4", pleated a bit like a ruffled potato chip and a very pretty blue-green, lighter on the underside. Needless to say, nearly nonexistent in cultivation. So far frost hardy to at least USDA zone 7. Some summer water. Dappled shade is best but has thriven in full sun as well.
Corylopsis spicata 'Aurea'golden winterhazel
One of the loveliest winterhazels we have come across, to under 10 ft tall with butterscotch-yellow leaves, tinted orange where they meet sun, and pale yellow flowers in mid winter -- all managed with the same grace we have come to expect from the species. Still rare but should be much less so. We suggest dappled shade, occasional summer water where dry, and decently drained soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Corylus avellana 'Contorta'harry lauder’s walking stick
Harry Lauder’s walking stick with intriguingly twisted branches. Medium tall, slow-growing to 15 ft or so. Wonderfully sculptural against a simple backgdrop or where winter’s sun can shine through its bark and flower tassels. Plant in rich moist soil in sun to part shade. Disease resistant. Cold hardy to USDA zone 5.
Unrivaled for all year glowing color, it becomes even more exquisite in the fall when the summer purple color turns to a startlingly bright red. Grown for its exquisite foliage, reaching 10 ft or so high and wide in full to part sun. Drought tolerant once established but appreciates occasional summer water. Deciduous and frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cotinus coggygria 'Golden Spirit'
golden smoke bush
Making the rounds for a couple of years now, this mid-sized smoke bush, growing to about 8 ft, has the richest golden-yellow leaves, that, rather than toasting in our hot summers, burnish an ever-so-slight orange...we like that! Dense foliage produces airy pink flowers that suggest the common name of smoke bush and brilliant fall foliage colors of pink, orange, and yellow. Growing 8+ ft x 8 + ft and flowering in May-July, the shrubs like full sun to part shade, lean, well-drained soil, and some summer water - though quite drought tolerant once established. Can sulk in heavy wet clay or too much fertility. Easily stooled to create an exuberant perennial. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Cotoneaster microphyllus var. thymifoliusdwarf rock spray
A dwarf species, perfect for the Mediterranean garden, remaining under 3 ft high x 3-5 ft wide with fine-textured, evergreen leaves, under 1/4", enveloped in silver-gray as are the young stems. Small scarlet berries develop from small white flowers and adorn the densely cloaked branches in fall through midwinter. Summer drought-loving though content in a well-watered garden provided sharp drainage. Cold hard to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Cotula 'Tiffindell Gold'
creeping gold buttons
Feathery evergreen foliage and an abundance of golden button flowers in late spring to fall on this great little groundcover from Tiffindell, South Africa. Ground hugging and vigorous (in a good way) with summer water, slower without. Makes a great carpet for a low traffic area or a knitter for sunny perennial beds. Full sun to light shade and good drainge. Frost hardy to -10 F, USDA zone 6.
Cotyledon orbiculatapig's Ear
A classic succulent with huge rounded blue-gray leaves and bright orange and yellow flowers held on foot high spikes in summer. Easy and fun in containers, and much hardier than they might appear, surviving into the mid teens if kept dry. Full sun to part shade. Hardy to 15F. USDA zone 8b.
Cotyledon orbiculata var. oblonga
Architectural South African succulent with chalky, finger-like leaves and light orange flowers that hang down from short stalks that rise from the middle of the leaves. Plant in full sun to light shade in well-drained soil. Keep away from livestock as plants can be deadly to grazing animals such as sheep and goats. Drought-tolerant. Cold hardy to 15-20 degrees.
Craspedia globosabilly buttons; drumsticks
An odd little evergreen perennial from the plains of eastern Australia with shiny silver-blue-green, felted foliage (whew!) in clumps of 12-18" and architectural spheres of yellow flowers held atop 3 ft stalks. Great for cut flowers or use in a sunny border. Tolerates heavy soil in sun with regular summer water. Cold hardy into USDA zone 8.
Crassula arborescenssilver dollar plant
Striking, red-edged, silver-blue-gray leaves, to 3" long, cluster on thick and fleshy, branching stems to 3 ft tall and possibly taller on this outstanding succulent from South Africa. Though shy to flower, plants can produce pinkish white, star flowers. Effective pruning can produce a charming bonsai or protect against breakage. Bright light is best with lean soil that drains well and water only when soil is dry. Frost hardy to 25F, perhaps a bit lower, USDA zone 9b, and a handsome container plant.
Crassula ovata 'Tricolor'variegated jade plant
Variegated jade plant, the dark green, succulent leaves decorated with creamy white irregular markings. A lovely shrub and slow-growing, reaching only 1 ft tall in several years, in bright light or part shade. Very drought tolerant, needing only occasional water in summer and almost none in winter unless grown in container and requiring a bit more frequent attention. A fine succulent shrub outdoors where temperatures don't drop below freezing, USDA zone 10. Otherwise a happy container plant spending at least the winter months indoors in bright light.
Crassula sarcocaulis 'Ken Aslet'
Shrubby and frost hardy succulent from South Africa, a fast growing and contorted selection to only 1-2 ft tall and wide with narrow, succulent green leaves on fleshy stems that eventually become flattened trunks with peeling bark. Plants are covered in late spring by terminal clusters of pink flowers. Very showy in full sun on the coast or light shade inland where soil is well-drained and watered occasionally. Expected frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8. Also happy on a well-lit windowsill indoors.
Crinodendron hookerianumchilean lantern tree
From the temperate rain forest of southern Chile, this 30 ft -- but more likely 10-15 ft in the garden -- evergreen creates a narrow pyramid of 2", glossy leaves and maroon pink lanterns, most abundant in spring but sporadically throughout the year. A lover of damp cool conditions, alas it is a plant for the cool conservatory or along the Pacific West Coast. Sun in the coolest of coastal areas to dappled shade and away from drying winds inland. Even moisture and humidity. Plant with the Lapagerias. One old plant in the MacDonald garden of Portland, though suffering a couple of set backs over the years, is a fine specimen of about 8 ft. Mid USDA zone 8, a bit lower with protection.
Crinum bulbispermumsouth african river lily
Striking South African lily with a large long-necked bulb. Arching, strap-like, blue-green leaves form clumps to 3 ft tall & wide, topped in mid-spring with large, funnel-shaped, fragrant flowers in white or shades of pink with a red streak on each petal. Best in sun or part shade in hot climates with plentiful water during during the growing season. Tolerates soggy soil but appreciates a dryer environment in dormancy. Dislikes being transplanted and takes time to establish so patience is required as well. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zones 7.
Cryptomeria japonica 'Compressa'
Compact and tidy, globose form of Japanese cedar. Tight, dense blue-green foliage turns a startling bright pink-red-bronze in winter. Very cool. Slow-growing, about 1" per year, to an eventual size of 18" x 18". Prefers rich but permeable soil with abundant moisture and open, sunny locations but will tolerate light shade, too. Evergreen. Very cold hardy, to zone 6.
Cryptomeria japonica 'Dacrydioides'whip cord japanese cedar
Stunning shrub to small tree, to as much as 10-20 ft tall eventually, with long, pendulous branches and gray-green, aromatic foliage that adds brown overtones in winter. Needle-like leaves overlap, creating a rope-like, or whipcord texture. Best in full sun with adequate summer water in soil that drains well. Frost hardy to at least USDA zone 6.
Cryptomeria japonica 'Sekkan-sugi'
Introduced from Japan around 1970, this elegant, small, columnar tree reaches about 8-10 ft tall x 4 ft wide in 10 years -- 25 x 10 ft at maturity. Golden-tipped foliage is most intense in spring. Full sun and rich, well-drained soil with some summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6-9.
Cunninghamia lanceolata 'Greer’s Dwarf'
Dwarf China fir that seems only to get about 6 ft tall, growing only 4-6" per year with the distinctive needles of the species, tightly held and only 4-6" long. The striking blue-green foliage turns a bronzy color in winter creating interest throughout the year. Happy in full sun or part shade with average summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7. Our plants received from their namesake, Harold Greer of Greer Gardens.
Small cuphea with a big presence, especially when covered with small tubular orange flowers with yellow tips. Ask any hummingbird, this Mexican charmer is only 2-3 ft tall and wide, probably remaining smaller. Best shaded from the hottest sun with regular summer water. Deadheading extends the bloom time indefinitely. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9b. Can also be pot grown and brought indoors for wintering as a houseplant.
Cupressus arizonica 'Taylors Silver'
smooth arizona cypress
A very tough, drought tolerant cypress, usually of rugged, picturesque character, that is well adapted to the moderate and warmer regions of the west away from the coastal fog belt. This form, newly introduced from Europe, grows to 25 ft tall and is distinguished by its blue-ness and somewhat columnar habit. Sun to a little shade, with average drainage and little or no summer watering when established. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 5.
Cupressus arizonica var. glabrablue arizona cypress
Sparkly cypress with frosted blue foliage and smooth, gray bark. Useful and beautiful in the dry garden as a striking accent, background, or hedge. To 15 ft tall x 6-8 ft wide in bright sun with good air circulation, well-drained soil, and very little supplemental water in summer once established. Forms deeper and more stable root structures in dryer conditions. Very frost hardy, to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Cupressus arizonica var. montana 'San Pedro Centennial'
A Cistus introduction, this stately cypress from the Sierra San Pedro Martyr reaches 30-40 ft eventually remaining narrow with up-turned branches clothed in vibrant silver-blue, scaley needles. Deep orange bark adds to the fun. Quite drought tolerant in bright situations and lean soil. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 6.
modoc or baker cypress
Native to northern California and southern Oregon, this slow growing cypress -- to 50 ft in several generations -- does well in tough, sunny situations as long as the soil is well-drained and it gets water until established. Foliage is Gray-blue, somewhat pendulous foliage, aromatic twigs, and red bark, are just a few of the pluses. Cold hardy to USDA zone 5.
Cupressus chengiana var. kansouensis UCSC 91-899
Rare, found only in China and endangered there, this is a tall, graceful conifer, to 30 ft plus in the garden with branches that are densely arranged and spreading. Foliage is green against reddish bark that peels in strips with age. Does well in sun and well drained soil and needs little summer water once established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7. Also known as C. chengiana var. chengiana.
A most attractive, upright, cypress from our collection of NW Mexico's Nuevo Leon. Eventually, upwards of 40-50', but 20-30' in more reasonable time with only 15-20' spread, eventually broadening. These with a pleasing, blue-green foliage. Moderately fast growing if given supplemental irrigation in Mediterranean climates. Long-lived for a cypress. Best in full sun with at least moderate drainage. USDA zone 7.
Cupressus macrocarpa 'Citriodora'golden monterey cypress
This Monterey Cypress selection from the United Kingdom has luscious, dense foliage, both lemon-colored and deliciously lemon-scented. Somewhat smaller than other forms, this one can reach 20 ft tall eventually, but is easily kept smaller and maintained as a large shrub by pruning or perhaps through hedging. Best in full sun in well-drained soil, these need little summer water once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
From the high barren region on the coast of Mendocino county, this species is distinguished from its close relative, C. goveniana, by its thin black seeds. The species name is a bit of a misnomer in that these plants will only be pygmies in very poor soil; otherwise they should eventually grow to over 50 feet high. Full sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
California endemic found in yellow pine forests and chaparral and serpentine communities. This adaptable cypress grows slowly in dry environments, reaching 12-15 ft tall over time, and more quickly where water is more plentiful, reaching a possible 50 ft tall -- a handsome evergreen tree of any size with layered branches and gray bark. Prefers lean, well-drained soil but tolerates a wide range of soils; also tolerates summer drought and accepts occasional summer water. Best in full sun and frost hardy to at least 0F, USDA zone 7 with reports of tolerance into zone 6.
Cupressus sempervirens 'Glauca'
A lovely blue form of the classic Italian cypress. This landscape plant for Mediterranean climates grows to 10 ft tall x 18” wide in as many years, an excellent upthrusting element in your urban landscape. Full sun, well-drained soil and not much supplemental water once established. Also good in pots. Cold hardy to the single digits, mid USDA zone 7.
Cupressus sempervirens 'Swaine's Golden'
Fabulous form of the Italian cypress, to 15 ft or more, with bright yellow-dusted-blue-green foliage. Like its cohorts, very drought tolerant. We us it in our garden as an accent surrounded by lots of blue and dark green foliage. it's been around for awhile, but unfortunately seldom offered and, for us, a bit slow and difficult to root. Full sun. Careful drainage. Can easily be shorn or tied should it become shaggy looking. USDA zone 8; quite possibly zone 7 with a protected south wall.
Cupressus sempervirens 'Totem'
Obsessively upright, pencil-thin Italian cypress used for an exclamation point in the garden. Smaller in all respects than the species; to 15 ft tall or so by 1 ft wide. Full sun, well-drained soil, and very little summer water. Cold hardy to USDA zone 7.
Cussonia paniculata ssp. sinuata - UCBG
mountain cabbage tree
A unique, South African tree - or tall shrub - with evergreen, compound leaves of up to 13 blue-green, deeply lobed leaflets on the end of long stems. Because there are frost hardy in USDA zone 9, pot culture is recommended in the Pacific Northwest, with plants spending the summer in sun to light shade and winters where the light is bright and the temperatures remain above freezing. To 10 ft or so in container. Requires regular water. Rewarding and worth the effort.
Another glorious Cussonia species from southern Africa with large, dissected leaves that form thick bundles at the end of twisting branches, resembling hydra heads, a feature peculiar to Cussonias as a whole. Flowers are spike-like (spicata), green-yellow, and last summer through fall. This tree will reach a height of 30-35' if left to its own devices; however, it is quite attractive kept small and many people prefer it in containers where it is easy to cover in a cold snap. Feature plant. Hardy to the upper 20s. USDA zone 9b
Cylindropuntia kleiniae - Colorado purple clonecandle cholla
A 4-5 ft shrub with occasional long golden spines on narrow stems, purple flowers, and abundant orange red fruit in autumn, this form shared with us by Marianne Heacock from her Denver Garden many years ago. Plants have performed very well for us both in our garden and at a desert house in eastern Oregon. Makes an excellent container or garden plant for full sun and well-drained soil. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
santa fe cholla
An unusual and rare form of cholla with lovely apricot flowers surrounded by green to brownish red tepals -- the colors variable and exciting. Found just north of Santa Fe, New Mexico, these shrubby creatures, to 3-4 ft tall x 4-5 ft wide, are dense with narrow, multibranched stems, each stem ending in a whorl of joints --all with elongated tubercles and and sharp spines creating a distinctly prickly texture. Blooms in July. Full sun and lean, sandy soil that drains well is best. Drought tolerant but accepts occasional summer water happily. Frost hardy in USDA Zone 5. Has been listed previously as Opuntia imbricata var. viridiflora.
Cynara baetica ssp. maroccana
This small Moroccan artichoke’s silver grey foliage alone is arresting in the mixed border. In late summer, tall stalks of purple thistle flowers push it over the edge. A must-have, hardy perennial for full sun and not much water. Excellent drainage a must. Height and width to 3'. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Cyrtomium falcatum 'Rochfordianum'
japanese holly fern
Leaves are dark green and glossy on this cultivar, to 2 ft tall, forming 2-3 ft, vase-shaped clumps of nearly erect, evergreen fronds. Handsome in part to full shade planted in rich, well-drained soil that is watered regularly in summer. Mulch to maintain consistent moisture. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6. A fine and frost hardy container specimen.
Cyrtomium fortunei - Cl 5japanese holly fern
Evergreen and very cold hardy holly fern for loamy soils in part shade to shade. Very choice, reaches to 30" tall over time, growing quickly into large, handsome colonies that can easily be used as neat and formal-looking groundcover. Likes rich and moist soil but once established tolerates dry conditions. Evergreen when temperatures remain above 15F, and cold hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Dahlia - Bishop's Children Strain
A great seed strain from D. 'Bishop of Llandaff' having variable flower colors in radiant jewel tones. The foliage is a gorgeous dark black which sets off the bright single flowers. Like many other Dahlias, if the drainage is good enough in winter and there is ample mulch they may be over wintered directly in the ground. Or, dig them up and store them in the garage or basement until the following season. 2-3ft x 2-3ft. Full Sun. Summer water. USDA zone 7
Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff'
This stylish dahlia has greenish bronzy-black leaves and deep orange-scarlet flowers, a good contrast and just the color for fall. To 3 ft tall or so. You may lift them in winter or leave them in the ground if your soil is very well drained. Full sun and normal summer water. Cold hardy to USDA zone 7; lower if mulched.
Dahlia 'Bonne Esperance'
Blooming all summer with small pink, yellow-centered flowers, this is a classic small dahlia, reaching only 12-18” tall, a nice addition to a perennial border accent among shrubs. Bees love them. As with all dahlias, good drainage keeps them healthy in winter; and water keeps them blooming in summer. Best in full sun but tolerates some shade. No need to lift the tubers in USDA zone 8 with good drainage.
Dark black purple foliage with iridescent lavender flowers. Seems to be hardy in well-drained ground when tubers are 6" or so deep. Foliage reaches 2 ft tall and flowers stand above to 4 ft. Sun and summer water. Nice in front of your new cobalt wall. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 with good winter drainage.
Dahlia 'Fire Mountain'
This stunning dahlia has vibrant red-orange flowers in late summer and fall standing above bronzey black leaves. A striking and exciting contrast. To 3 ft tall and wide over time and best in mixed border with green leaved plants to ‘pop’ the dark foliage. Full to half sun with good drainage and regular summer water. Possible frost hardy to USDA zone 8 with good drainage but for better insurance, tubers should be lifted and overwintered in a dry place.
Dahlia 'Yellow Hammer'
Yellow blooms contrast nicely with bronzey, blackish foliage. Grows 2-3 ft tall with deliciously cheerful flowers that persist into autumn. Can be lifted and stored for winter or left in the ground where the drainage is very good. Wonderful for containers. Cold hardy to USDA zone 7 with mulch.
Daphne 'Lawrence Crocker'
Spontaneous seedling, found among the cyclamen carpets in the garden of Siskiyou Rare Plants’ early owner in Medford, OR. Nearly year-round blooming with heavy-scented pink flowers. 2-3 ft evergreen shrub. Full to part sun; adequate moisture. Truly a choice shrub; adaptable to cultivation. Cold hardy in USDA zones 6-9.
Daphne tangutica - Retusa Group
An old fashioned garden plant that should still be used today with dense, 3-4 ft mounds of 1" narrow green foliage with light pink flowers, mostly in spring but happily popping up at almost any other time of the year if temperatures are not freezing. As well, orangey-red berries are produced on happy plants, adding to its fall and winter interest. Like other Daphnes, free drainage, bright light to dappled shade, occasional summer water, though this one is pretty drought tolerant, and little soil disturbance. Cold hardy to USDA zone 6.
Daphne x burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'burkwood daphne
A variegated form of a classic daphne with narrow, 1" leaves of sage-green edged in cream. These deciduous shrubs are dense enough to create a small hedge, to about 2-3 ft tall x 4 ft wide, covered with sweetly scented, white flowers, most profusely from late winter through early spring and occasionally year round. The custardy sweet fragrance makes it a perfect plant for the entrance garden. Best in part shade, possibly with mulch to keep the roots cool, and consistent summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Daphne x transatlantica 'Alba Everblooming'everblooming daphne
This white flowered form of the nearly everblooming daphne is easy and satisfying to grow. Dusky blue leaves are evergreen, a fine background for the intensely fragrant flowers blooming in all but the coldest months. Yellow fruit that turns red adds extra color. Easy in full to part sun with regular summer water. 3ft tall and 4-5ft wide though easily kept smaller. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Daphniphyllum macropodumfalse daphne
Amazing and handsome large shrub from China, Korea, and Japan with red petioles bearing long, dark green leaves, to 6-10" long x 1-3" wide, arranged like whorls on the branch ends, the new growth emerging above, pale and flushed with pink. Flowers are inconspicuous. This multi-stemmed shrub can reach 12-15 ft tall and wide - possibly taller, growing slowly until well established in bright shade to shade, where soil is rich and water is regular. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Dasylirion texanumtexas sotol
As the name would imply, this gem of a garden plant is native to west and southern Texas into Mexico and is one of the hardiest of the lot. Deep green rosettes, with small backward pointing spines and attractive golden filifers at the ends of the leaves, eventually form small trunks but are attractive as focal points or repeated rosettes in the garden. As denizens of the southern Great Plains, they love a thunderstorm or two in the summer and don't mind being dry in the winter, though they are tolerant of moisture. Sun to dappled shade, the main problem with dappled shade being dead leaves, not fun to pull out of the center of the plant -- your arm could get stuck that way, as my dad used to say about forbidden things. Reports tell us of frost tolerance up to -20F, USDA zone 5. Wow! Also great container plants.
Dasylirion wheeleriblue sotol, desert spoon
The best known and one of the more spectacular of the genus, these trunk-forming denizens of southeast Arizona to southern New Mexico and south into Sonora can grow as tall as 8 ft with 4-5 ft rosettes of very pretty gray-blue, adorned with small golden teeth and threadlike filifers at the leaf ends. Beautiful when back lit. Not fussy about water or soil though would rather not sit in winter wet. Great container specimens. This high elevation collection from southeastern Arizona should be frost hardy into the 0 to 10F range, USDA zone 7, especially in bright light with good air circulation and very well-drained soil. Said to be deer resistant.
Tall nettle relation that came to us from Shanghai. Hardy in our Portland garden for 7 years. 10 ft+ with netted leaves that are dark on top and have reflective, white undersides. Site over pond for max effect. White flowers appear on the stems followed by orange berries that are edible, eaten raw in Taiwan. Sun to part shade with average summer water. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 8, resprouting from the ground.
blue bean tree
This Chinese legume has leaves up to 3 ft long and panicles of waxy, chartreuse flowers in spring followed by amazing metallic blue, 6-8" pods that remain after the leaves have dropped. It’s all about colors not found in nature! Multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub to small tree, up to 15 x 15 ft, for full to part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6, possibly 5.
Delosperma 'Fire Spinner'
A new and exciting ice plant found at 6000 ft in South Africa's East Cape and shared with us by Panayoti Kelaidis of the Denver Botanic Garden. It's the flowers that stop people in their tracks, opening in late spring to early summer, the daisy-like flowers with a white eye and orange petals that mature to bright magenta towards the center. Stunning covering a 2" tall x 2 ft wide mat or succulent evergreen leaves. A terrific groundcover for sun and little summer water once established. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
hardy ice plant
South African succulent with fleshy, pointed leaves and bright pink, daisy-like flowers throughout the summer. To only a few inches tall and spreading to form a pleasant mat, often covered completely in flowers during the summer months. Loves sun; requires good drainage, especially during the rainy winter months. Frost hardy to -20F, where dryish in winter or with that excellent drainage. USDA zone 5.
Delosperma dyeriice plant
Most decorative little ice plant from high elevation South Africa, this forming a blue-green mat of 6” x 2 ft or so with most interesting Pepto Bismol pink to orange-red flowers. A lover of year-round rain but able to withstand drought at any time and frost hardy to upper USDA zone 5 if winter dry. Give some overhead protection or extra well-drained soil mix in winter wet climates.
Dendropanax sp. EDHCH 97321
This collection in southern China by Eric Hammond exhibits characteristics of both Metapanax davidii and the genus Nothopanax -- basically any panax is good. This a glossy green shrub to small tree with thrice divided leaves in youth becoming single or double in age and forming an endearing, small, umbrella-shaped evergreen specimen that adds greatly to any lush tropical-leaning garden. White sputniky flowers followed by blue-black berries in fall. Lovers of shade to morning sun, and preferring consistently moist conditions. So far has proven frost hardy in the east into USDA zone 7 and has performed admirably on both left and right coasts.
Dichroa febrifugaevergreen hydrangea
Clusters of sky-blue flowers adorn this evergreen hydrangea relative in late summer followed by metallic turquoise berries that linger through winter. To 4 ft tall and wide, this is a plant from the edges of forests, so best in part sun with adequate water. Happy in a container as well. Plant in a protected spot for frost hardiness in USDA zone 8.
Widespread genus of cycad from Mexico producing 4 ft fans of blue-gray leaves up to 4-5 ft or more in time (a lot of time). Frost hardy into the upper teens to low 20s F, upper USDA zone 8, surviving brief periods lower. Likes summer heat and good drainage. Very good pot specimen. These plants collected many years ago from seed near Jacala, Hidalgo.
Considered by many to be the finest persimmon, the chocolate, or Maru, persimmon will reach around 30' tall and 15-20' wide if pruned regularly. Large, magnolia-like leaves turn orange-red in fall, and fruit hangs from the tree long after the leaves have dropped. Unlike the familiar and larger apple-shaped Fuyus, which are crunchy and slightly tough-skinned, the flesh of the chocolate persimmon, when ripe, turns deep brown and melts in your mouth. Flavors are more complex, too. Plant two, as the Maru requires pollination to ripen. Cold hardy, to USDA zone 7.
Disporopsis jinfushanensisdwarf evergreen soloman’s seal
Another of the small group of evergreen Solomon seals for the woodland garden, this one apparently closely related to D. fuscopicta, keeping many of its characteristics -- e.g., unbranched stalks and shiny, rounded leaflets with prominent veins -- but in smaller dimensions. Mid-spring flowers also emerge soft white and age to chartreuse. To only 6" tall or so and slowly spreading to create dense patches in shade to part shade with rich soil and regular summer moisture. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Dodonaea viscosa 'Purpurea'
purple hop bush
This red/purple-leaved Australian hop-shrub is an excellent seasonal foliage plant, reaching 3 ft in a season and up to 10-12 ft eventually. Sticky foliage glistens in full sun where it’s happiest with well-drained soil and occasional summer water. Try backlit or in a container. Frost hardy to 18F, upper USDA zone 8, brief spells; otherwise, zone 9 or treat as an annual or pot plant.
A lovely, tropical fern from the West Indies , as well as South and Central America, with an overall deep green appearance accented with deeply lobed, palmate leaves. To 15" high and about a foot wide, though spreading mildly through underground rhizomes. Stems are black, wiry, and contrast nicely with foliage. Ribs and edges of leaves are a deep chocolate brown, and new leaves a refreshing bright green. Great container specimen. Keep evenly moist and protect from freeze in the Northwest. We recommend you bring this fern indoors for the winter, as it is particularly sensitive to water-logging. Zone 9.
Drimys lanceolata 'Suzette'variegated tasmanian pepperwood
An exquisite variegated form of the Tasmanian pepperwood, the foliage marbled cream and yellow throughout, the yellow variegation becoming even more striking against the red stems as plants mature. I first observed this form, still unnamed, at an exhibition in London by Bluebell Nursery. They sent us their first propagation with the only caveat that it be named after it's discoverer ... and here it is. Though requiring the same conditions as the species -- sun to part shade with regular garden water and protection from drying winds -- this garden seedling, now about 8 ft in our garden, is, luckily, from hardy stock and, so far undamaged by a windy 20F. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Drimys winteri - cl 1
Sometimes called South America’s madrone (Arbutus menziesii) this small, stately, evergreen tree has glossy, lightly fragrant, lanceolate leaves, up to 7 in long, of medium green on top with very blue undersides - a lovely contrast. Native to rainforests in Argentina and Chile and reaching 65 ft tall in the wild, though remaining closer to 20 ft in the garden often as multi-trunked specimens with smooth, pungently aromatic bark, and, in late winter to early spring, clusters of sweet, white flowers. These, a selection from Vilches, Chile by plantsman Michael Remmick, need summer water in full sun to part shade. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Drimys winteri - Leonard Coates Nursery form
South America’s attempt at the Madrone., this a particularly weeping form. Stately, small tree, to 20 ft or so, often multi-trunked, with smooth bark, evergreen leaves with blue undersides, and clusters of white flowers in late winter to early spring. Full sun to part shade with some summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Drimys winteri var. chilensischilean winter bark
Gorgeous aromatic tree from Mexico, Chile and Argentina, with lance-shaped, lustrous leaves, green above and a stunning pale blue-white beneath. Smaller than the species, reaching 10-15 ft, rarely to 25 ft. Flowers are fragrant, creamy white, in umbels of up to 20 blossoms, in spring to early summer. Plant in sun to part sun with shelter from wind and provide regular moisture. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zones 8.
A rare and pleasing autumn fern species from the lowland forests of Japan and Korea that has even brighter leaves than D. erythrosora. Expect brick-red new fronds to emerge in late summer. Loves rain! Grows to 2' x 2'. Excellent for the woodland garden or planted on shady hillside. Prefers rich, moist soil and warm summers. Zone 6. Evergreen in mild winters.
Dryopteris pseudofilix-masmexican male fern
Handsome, vase-shaped fern found in Mexico's high, alpine forests, in clumps to 4 ft tall and wide that produce sturdy, upright fronds throughout the growing season, an unusual habit in this genus. Prefers a sheltered location in part to full shade, and rich, hummusy soil with consistent moisture for best appearance. Cutting back old fronds in late winter allows for a fresh new appearance in spring. Evergreen in warmer zones and frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
A way excellent wood fern from China that is perfect for small, shady gardens. Grows 18-24" tall in rich soil. New shoots are a handsome, light green and sit floating above older, deeper green fronds. In general, this ferns just looks nice and compact year-round and can tolerate dry summers and wet winters. Hardy to 0 degrees.
One of the more widespread Dudleya species from the coast-facing bluffs and mountains from southern California to northwestern Baja, California. This form is shiny bright green, upward-reaching fingers often tipped purple, especially with light frost or summer drought. Clumping to about 18". Able to withstand more summer watering than many of the Dudleyas. One of the easiest in cultivation, though rather tender, only to about 20-25 degrees. We use this as a pull-in plant in both containers, either mixed and alone, treating this much as we would an Aeonium with cool, damp, but bright conditions in the winter, letting dry when temperatures become hot.
Dudleya lanceolatalanceleaf live-forever
Known as lanceleaf liveforever, this collection from Tim Hannis, taken in the California's San Bernadino Mountains at over 3500 ft, has succulent, narrow and pointed, blue-green leaves and appears in colonies of powder-blue starfish in gravelly spots and outcrops. In summer, clusters of yellow to red flowers appear on stalks to 2 ft tall. Adaptable to various soils but requires good drainage. Accepts droughty conditions as well as abundant water and sun to part shade. So far has been frost hardy to close to 0F, USDA zone 7, with superb drainage and dry summers.
Dyckia 'Naked Lady'
Named for the lack of spines along the leaves, this cross between D. encholirioides x D. brevifolia is a terrestrial bromeliad with sharp-tipped, shiny green, strap-like leaves arranged in rosettes to 1 ft tall and 2 ft wide. Forms colonies rather quickly. In spring, bright orange flowers appear on tall stems. Part sun to bright shade is best with moderate water. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9. Happy in containers where temperatures drop lower.
Dyckia 'Nickel Silver'
Rosettes of long, narrow, silver-gray leaves with hooked white spines set this dyckia apart. Summer flowers are orange on red stems to up to 4 ft tall. Individual plants are 6-10" tall x 15" wide, eventually forming larger clumps. Expects well-drained soil in sun to part shade with little summer water once established. Frost hardy to 16F, upper USDA zone 8. Fine in containers that are protected in winter.
Dyckia 'Red Devil'red-leafed dyckia
This, one of the most colorful Dyckia in our collection and a probable hybrid between D. platyphylla and D. leptostachya, grows to 10-15" high and 18" or so wide in reasonable time with elegantly spined rosettes of deep olive green, burnished intense red, more so with more light. Spring and summer flowers are of burnt orange atop 2 ft stalks. One surprise is the reported frost hardiness, with some testimonials to 8F though we'd be a bit skittish there; we're more confident in the mid teens briefly, mid USDA zone 8, probably colder if dry. Fine container plant, a bit slow growing and offsetting so will remain within bounds for some time.
Terrestrial bromeliad with succulent, spidery leaves mottled deep purple and forming rosettes to only about 4.” Flowers are produced in summertime clusters of orangey red. Offsets quickly after flowering. Full sun for best color. We find it best as a pot specimen though would make a good wall or rock garden plant where temperatures seldom drop to 18F, upper USDA zone 8.
This Brazilian native succulent, to 1 ft tall and wide, has blushed red leaves and is often used in hybridizing to add color to new cultivars. Summer flowers are orange on 3 ft spikes standing above the rosette of foliage. Needs sun in lean and well-drained soil with only occasional summer water. Frost hardy to the upper teens F, USDA zone 8b.
Echeveria 'Crested Topsy Turvy'
Echeveria 'Fleur d'Or'
Medium green rosettes of shiny, closely held leaves hug the ground, reaching only 4" tall but offsetting more quickly than some, producing lots of pups. Flowers are orangey. E. agavoides is a very possible parent of this sweet succulent. Full sun to light shade is best in well-drained soil with careful watering. Frost hardy only into the low twenties F or so, USDA zone 9, but lower if kept dry.
Also known as Green Goddess, this cross, considered a hybrid of E. agavoides & E. harmsii forms rosettes of pointed and fleshy, pale green leaves that add hints of pink in sun or cold. Early spring flowers are pink & yellow. Best in sun to part shade planted in soil that drains well. Water regularly every three to four weeks as pots begin to dry out. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9 so best in pots where winter temperatures regularly drop below freezing.
Echeveria elegansMexican Snowball
Dense, blue-gray succulent species from Mexico that mounds or spreads slowly in tight colonies. Edges of leaves are slightly pink, producing equally pretty small pink flowers with a yellow tinge. Very handsome and uniform in the garden. More cold hardy than many other echeveria hybrids, this one makes an excellent rock garden or container plant that needs occasional winter protection below 25 degrees. Drought-tolerant. Plant in part to full sun.
Echeveria secunda MK 3406
Powder blue rosettes form clusters to about 18" with nodding, orangey-pink flowers with yellow tips. Very nice. This high elevation collection has been frost hardy so far to as low as 12F! Wahoo! That's almost to the bottom of USDA zone 8. Needs lean, well-drained soil and occasional water, drying out a bit in between. Wonderful in rock garden walls or containers.
Echinopsis oxygonaeaster lily cactus
Fast-growing, round little cactus, quickly offsetting to form large, handsome clumps that produce beautiful, trumpet-shaped, fragrant flowers on long, tubular stems, flowers that open at night and last only one day. Blooms from late spring through summer in colors from white tinted pink to lavender-pink. Thrives in sun to half-shade in porous and lean, well-drained soil with judicious summer water. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8 if kept dry in winter. Otherwise a successful indoor plant in good light.
This extremely hardy European echium is smaller than most of its kin, to only 2 ft tall with tall spikes of saturated dark red flowers. To 2 ft tall in clumps to 18" wide. Though considered biennial, these are perennial in well-drained soil that is very lean. Also seeds itself in undisturbed gravel mulch. Sun is best. Tolerant of drought but intolerant of transplanting. Frost hardy and perennial in USDA zone 7.
Echium wildpretiitower of jewels
An extraordinary addition to the dry garden, one of the plants in our garden that receives the most comment when in bloom with its huge column of dark red-pink flowers, to 4-8 ft tall, rising out of the low-growing rosette of narrow, silvery leaves. This native of the Canary Islands is a biennial, forming a handsome, 2 ft rosette in the first year and blooming spectacularly beginning in spring of the second year. Produces abundant seed to perpetuate itself, especially if surrounding soil is loose and undisturbed. Best in full sun, very well-drained soil, and little or no summer water once established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9.
Echium wildprettii x pininana
chinese paper bush
Amazing daphne relative, deciduous, blooming in February with pendant yellow, intoxicatingly fragrant blooms on handsome, bare stems. Long, tropical-looking leaves follow. Reaches 5 ft tall and as wide in full sun to half shade with summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zones 7-9.
Edgeworthia papyrifera is undergoing taxonomic review and is sometimes lumped with E. chrysantha and sometimes with E. tomentosa -- that being said, by any name this daphne relative is amazing; deciduous like its cousins but more diminutive, to only 5 ft tall, with smaller branches and, in early spring, white to pale cream, sweetly aromatic flowers. Easy to grow in full sun to half shade with summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Elaeagnus 'Quicksilver'silverbush eleagnus
Long sought and under delivered deciduous shrub with stunning silver foliage and early spring flowers with the aroma of vanilla. This chance seedling, discovered and named by British plantsman, Roy Lancaster, reaches an eventual 6-8 ft but can be kept much lower through pruning. Can also be stooled on occasion to create a dense perennial. A very good plant in cold or wet climates that often can’t accommodate silver foliage. Needs decent drainage and, though drought tolerant, enjoys occasional summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4.
Elaeagnus pungens 'Clemson Variegated'silverthorn
Variegated olive relative, this with striking center markings of yellow and gold on dark green foliage ... or perhaps better described as yellow and gold foliage with a narrow, dark green margin. By either description a striking evergreen shrub, over time to 10 ft tall x 10 ft wide, with fragrant, white to cream flowers in the fall. Enjoys well-drained soil and average summer water. Plant in sun, where it holds its color very well, or part shade. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Elaeagnus pungens 'Hosoba-fukurin'silverberry
This shrub is as durable in the landscape as it is handsome with narrow, creamy yellow margins that set off the small, shiny green leaves on thorny branches. Evergreen, growing rapidly to at least 5 ft tall or so and nearly as wide with a somewhat lax and spreading habit. Autumn flowers are white and intensely fragrant, attracting passersby. Sun or half sun and regular summer water, though tolerant of some summer drought. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Elaeagnus rhamnoides 'Botanica'
Lovely silver foliaged Asian shrub grown not only for the attractive leaves but also for the bright orange, edible fruit, produced in abundance on the females, which these are, from small but very fragrant flowers that appear in early spring. (Fruit can be produced without a nearby male, but fruiting is more reliable with company. Great for hedging. Very drought tolerant in USDA zone 6 or even zone 5. Fragrant flowers appear in early spring.
From the Cape of Good Hope region, S. Africa. Tall, 7-10 ft, spectacular, upright stems, and clusters of fine secondary stems in fluffy masses at nodes. Plant is 3-7 ft wide with flowers borne in large clusters. Lasts for weeks as cut foliage. Frost hardy in USDA zones 8b-11.
Stunning and rare epimedium found only in China's Wushan mountains, with long, to 10", and narrow, deeply veined leaves with distinct spines along the edges and red new growth fading to bronze before turning a lush green. Spring flowers are pale yellow and densely held above the foliage on stems to 2 ft tall. Part sun or light shade is best with regular summer water. Frost hardy to at least -20F, USDA zone 5 and expected to tolerate colder temperatures. Also said to be deer resistant.
blue love grass
A stunning, low clumping, blue-green grass with fluffy white flowers in summertime atop 3' stalks. Foliage to about 18". The plumes sway in the breeze adding a nice effect and last into fall. Full sun best. Regular summer water is encouraged as this grass is native to wet, brackish soils. Best planted in mass as a groundcover or amid wildflower plantings. Hardy to USDA zone 6.
Erigeron karvinskianum 'Profusion'
santa barbara daisy
A favorite universal ‘knitter’, a perennial forms low-growing mounds of gray-green, light and airy foliage that tucks itself into nooks and crannies, blooming profusely over a long season, the flowers, white aging to pink, creating a multicolored effect.Easy in hot sun with or without summer water once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8 and reseeds, acting as an annual at much lower temperatures.
A wonderful but underused, small fruit tree from Japan, evergreen, to 10 ft or more in the garden, with long leaves, dark green and shiny with lighter undersides. White fragrant flowers appear in the winter but buds can sometimes freeze. A wonderfully tropical garden accent. Parker always fondly remembered from his childhood picking the ripe, orange fruit and spitting out the large seed. Full sun is best. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Eriogonum fasciculatum SBH 7671b
Eriophyllum lanatum var. achillioides 'Walker's Beauty'
Sunshine daisy is a shrubby perennial native to Western North America, this one found on Walker Ridge, a rich environment for native plants on California's north coast. A low, mounding shrub with fine textured foliage of bluish gray adorned with small yellow flowers for a long blooming season, 'Walker's Beauty' is happy in full sun and good drainage with little summer water once established. Accepting of summer water with good drainage. Evergreen in mild climates and root hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5 and possibly lower.
Silver foliaged, hardy geranium relation from Turkey with soft yellow flowers in spring. To only 6” tall by an eventual 18” wide. Excellent in hot dry situations, e.g. in the rock garden or mixed border (placed where it won't be overrun by something else.) Sun, well-drained soil is best with occasional water in hottest months. Very tough. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Erogrostis elliottii 'Wind Dancer'
New lovegrass cultivar noted for its blue-green foliage and fluffy white flowers that sit stop 3' tall stems in late summer, turning tan in fall as the seedheads ripen. As the name suggests, the flower heads sway gently in the, er, wind. Also called field love grass, blue love grass, and Elliot's love grass. We would like to know more about this guy Elliot, who sounds like he leads an interesting life, but alas we have nothing further to share. Drought tolerant once established in full sun. USDA zone 6.
Eryngium paniculatum RCH 453
Yet another graceful evergreen sea holly, this from south central Chile and growing to about 18” with arching, shiny, spring green leaves, often faintly marked silver. The flowers in spring and summer are decorated with sputnik florets, small white flowers, and particularly attractive at a distance. Drought tolerant, though summer water is appreciated. Sun to light dappled shade and tolerant of poorly drained soil. Frost hardy to 10 to 12F, USDA zone 8, or even a bit lower.
morocan sea holly
This handsome foliaged sea holly from Morocco has evergreen basal leaves, marbled and veined in white, and 1 ft spikes of very blue, thistle-like flowers subtended by silvery, spiny bracts in early to mid summer. Easy in full sun or very light shade in any soil. Drought tolerant once established and best left undisturbed to protect the tap root. Frost hardy -20 F, USDA zone 5.
mount buffalo gum
This relatively rare and graceful species endemic to Mt Buffalo in northeastern Victoria, Australia, can be single or multi-trunked, reaching 15-20 ft fairly quickly in cultivation. Long, narrow leaves emerge maroon and mature to gray-green on weeping branchlets. Reddish brown bark peals on young specimens, adding to the enchantment. Needs sun, soil that is lean and well-drained, and, in the driest places, occasional and deep summer water. Frost hardy in mid USDA zone 8.
Eucalyptus neglectaomeo gum
By far one of the most desirable gums we can grow in the Northwest. Multi-trunked to 40 ft or so, its foliage has the best Vicks Vap-O-Rub smell around. Huge juvenile leaves on square stems become narrower and longer in adult foliage. Flowers in youth. Good in arrangements. Sun, well-drained soil and little summer water once established. Root hardy to 0F. USDA zone 7, though has been known to suffer leaf burn if not sufficiently hardened off before the harsh winter winds whip.
Eucalyptus parvulasmall leaf gum, kybean gum
An extremely well-mannered, small tree, often multi-trunked, growing slowly to 35 ft or so with a broad, graceful form, somewhat flat-topped with age. Narrowly oval adult leaves of 2-3" -- deep, matte green with purple and blue overtones -- follow the rounded juvenile foliage. The bark is colorful as well, brown peeling to pink and green patches. These tolerate drought and somewhat poor drainage, though well-drained soil is best in full to part sun. Frost hardy to 5 F, mid USDA zone 7. Can resprout from the base.
Eucalyptus perrinianaspinning gum
This is the eucalyptus most often seen as cut foliage at the florist, with the juvenile leaves that encircle the stem. Plants can be coppiced to maintain a smaller size as well as the attractive, juvenile foliage or grown into multi-trunked trees, quickly reaching 30 ft, with flaking bark and long, narrow adult leaves to 6" with juvenile foliage showing as well. Requires full sun, lean and well-drained soil, and little summer water once established. Easy and very frost hardy, to 0F, USDA zone 7, or lower.
Eucomis 'Innocence'pineapple lily
From a South African native. Striking white to pale pink, “pineapple”-like flowers on purple tinted stems show off from August to September above rosettes of long, narrow, “tropical” leaves. Bright light, full sun to part shade with water in spring during growth and protection from excess winter water, perhaps by an overhang. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7; lower with mulch. Can be grown in pots or lifted for the winter.
Impressive bulbous perennial with long-lasting, star-shaped flowers that are reminiscent of pineapples. Flowers in summer on thick, solitary stalks. Native to the dry screes and damp meadows of South Africa and tropical southern Africa. Water regularly in summer but allow to dry out when dormant. Easy. Zone 8.
Eucomis comosa 'Tugela Ruby'pineapple lily
Upright, somewhat fleshy leaves to 18” tall, colored a deep, dark purple in this cultivar and, in mid summer, saturated pink, fragrant flowers, darkening over time. The flower stalks, looking indeed a bit like pineapples, make very good cut flowers. Full sun or part shade in hottest climates gives the best foliage color. Requires water in the spring and summer growing season and relief from winter moisture – very well-drained soil or overhead protection. This South African native is best left undisturbed for a long and fruitful life. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7; mulch for extra protection.
First discovered in Cornwall in the 1930s and not yet widely found in the United States, this evergreen hybrid has proven itself a dependable performer and refined texture in the garden. A large shrub or small tree, to 15-20 ft tall x 10 ft wide, exhibiting the upright form of its E. lucida parent and the shiny, dark green, wavy-edged leaves of E. cordifolia. Ever more attractive when the large, open, single white flowers appear in summer. Prefers sun to part or dappled shade and well-drained soil with regular summer water. Best kept out of wind in a sheltered position. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Eucryphia lucida UCSC 75.640
The new growth on this large shrub to small tree is luscious with an almost resinous look. To 10-15 ft tall and very narrow and upright. Summer flowers are pink and very fragrant on mature plants. Full sun and some summer water. Wild collected clone from Tasmania. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Euonymus fortunei 'Emerald Pagoda'fortune's spindle, wintercreeper
This fine-textured, broad-leaved evergreen can reach up to 6 ft in height and seldom exceeds 18" in diameter, providing upright punctuation in the garden with leaves closely held against upright stems. Architectural like a small "Italian Cypress" and thrives even in a dappled shade garden. Part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Euonymus myrianthusevergreen spindle tree
Bright yellow-orange fruit that opens to show off red seeds is a striking attraction of this evergreen shrub to small tree. Clusters of pale yellow flowers precede, of course. This native of western China, first introduced by famous plantsman Ernest Wilson, reaches 6 to 8 ft tall, the long, bright green leaves on branches with dark gray, smooth bark are lovely in their own right and provide the perfect background. Full sun to light shade in well-drained soil with average summer moisture. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Euphorbia 'Blue Haze' PPAFmilkwort
Small-scale evergreen spurge, a hybrid between E. nicaeensis and E. sequieriana ssp. niciciana, to only about 18” tall in dense mounds to 2 ft wide. Leaves are blue-green, 1" long and narrow on 2" rosettes; flowers are the typical chartreuse over a long season. Very good knitter or spiller with year-round color. Summer drought tolerant, preferring bright light and good drainage. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Euphorbia x martinii 'Tiny Tim' PP1693
Semi-evergreen soft-wooded perennial to only 12" tall and wide with light green foliage and a non-stop bloom of chartreuse flower flusters with a bright red center throughout spring and summer. Cut back in early fall if in need of refreshment. Full to part sun in most garden soils with average water and good drainage. Deer resistant, drought-tolerant, and hardy to USDA zone 7.
Euphorbia x pasteurii 'John Phillips'
Striking evergreen euphorbia, a selection of the hybrid between Euphorbia mellifera and E. stygiana, both handsome in themselves. This one was chosen for its vigor, height up to 5-6 ft tall x 8 ft wide, long narrow leaves with a striking white central rig and brown, honey-scented flowers in sharp contrast. Enjoys full sun and well-drained soil. Frost hardy into the upper teens F, uppermost USDA zone 8 so best in a protected spot where temperatures regularly drop below 20F, or kept in container and provided winter protection.
Eurya japonica 'Sea Brocade'
An arrival from Japan in 2007, this graceful small shrub -- to 3 ft or so, with imbricately arranged, narrow leaves splashed and margined cream white and rose -- is a long coveted plant that was, until now, available only in pictures. We prefer the real thing! Though slow to root, plants progress nicely becoming reliable shrubs in a light woodland situation or with morning sun with well-drained soil and even summer water. The winter flowers are tiny and, as a bonus, do NOT have the fragrance/odor of burning tires for which the species is known! Frost hardy in mid USDA zone 7.
Farfugium japonicum 'Crested Leopard'spotted crested ligularia
Yellow spots on crinkley-edged, gray-green leaves mark this tropical looking farfugium. The early summer flowers are yellow and daisy-like but these are mostly grown for the foliage. A small perennial, to only 20” tall in clumps. Moisture and lots of it! in sun to part shade. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Fatsia japonicajapanese aralia
Bold foliage for a shady spot. This garden workhorse is perfect for the hard to maintain area. Evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub to 10 ft with glossy green, palmate leaves, often up to 10” across. Whitish flowers (not so showy, but ‘interesting’ and great good for birds) are followed by black berries. A staple of area dentist office landscapes that can be transformed and transforming in the garden. Regular summer water. Fully frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Unidentified faucaria, probably Faucaria felina, the largest species, but nevertheless lovely with it's yellow flowers opening around noon and closing in the afternoon -- as long as they have sun. Succulent leaves are triangular and toothed along the edges (hence the common name of "tiger jaws", held in crowded rosettes. Best with good drainage and lots of light -- a bit of shade where sun is very hot. They enjoy regular water in spring and fall, their growing season and should be kept moderately dry in winter and summer. Not frost hardy in Pacific Northwest winters, but as a USDA zone 9 plant, happy in pots.
Festuca glauca 'Elijah Blue'
Fine textured blue buns of grass, to only 1 ft tall and as wide, for bright sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant once established. Trim back to 3-4" in spring for renewed growth and color. Evergreen in Portland. A good ground cover in the dry garden with clumps planted close for best effect. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4.
Festuca glauca 'Festina'
A very useful little clumper for the xeric garden, a sunny border, containers, etc. with finely textured, steely blue foliage which sets off its neighboring plants and also looks good all on its own. And it’s easy! In fall, pale green flower stems emerge and then turn a lovely, soft tan color. Plant in full to part sun in well-drained soil. Prune slightly every year to encourage new growth and divide as needed. Height 12-18" and 10-15" in width. Hardy to -30 F, USDA zone 4.
Ficus aff. heterophylla DJHS 4307
This, one of several forms revolving around or closely related to this lovely fig, was shared with us by plantsman Dan Hinkley, its having been successful for several years in his garden near Seattle,WA. To 6 ft or more and deciduous with red-tinted stems and long, narrow leaves, lobed toward the end and also tinted an orange-red in sun. We have found it to be an endearing texture in our garden. Has been frost hardy to 12F in Washington so we are rating this as at least low USDA zone 8 though relatives have sailed through mid zone 7, often resprouting vigorously from the base. We here at Cistus have a “thing” for the genus ficus so we are very happy with this one. Seems to tolerate quite a bit of drought but we push our along a bit with extra summer water and at least half sun for best stem and leaf color.
Ficus afghanistanica 'Silver Lyre'
A Cistus introduction...yet another hardy fig. We wonder where it's been all our lives. Native from Northern India to western Iran and Afghanistan and a delicacy there with its small, dark, very sweet fruit. We have selected this form from seed for its entrancing, filigreed, silver-green leaves of about 5-7". So far, ours have been for external use only as we have not tasted the fruit. Eventually might reach 15-20 ft in height; can easily be kept smaller with pruning. Sun to part shade. Very drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy to the upper edge of USDA zone 7 so far.
Ficus carica 'Bourjassote Grise'
Another hardy fig bearing light brown and green fruit dense with flavor and a nice dry texture. Full sun and little water once established. Hardy in USDA zone 7.
Ficus carica x pumila 'Ruth Bancroft'
Vining shrub seldom exceeding 4-6 ft in height, that clamors through deciduous shrubs & against walls. This cultivar, found in Ruth Bancroft's garden, has the same mitten-shaped leaves, to 3-4", but more gracefully lobed. Fegs are tiny, to only 1 cm. For sun to shade in damp or drought though average summer water is best. Essentially evergreen, but deciduous below 15 to 18F, mid USDA zone 8, and freeze-back at 10 to 15F. Resprouts from upper USDA zone 7.
Ficus heterophylla - small leaf form
climbing stream fig
One of several ficus collections by Dan Hinkley and another of our favorites with small, narrow leaves flushed orange, red, and green on a shrub to about 6 ft tall. As with the larger leaf form, creates a most unusual garden texture in full sun to about half shade. Evergreen when temperatures remain above 20F, in USDA zone 9, but may lose leaves in the teens F, recovering nicely in the spring. Looks to be ultimately frost hardy to about 10F, the bottom of USDA zone 8, and probably lower with mulch.
Ficus sarmentosa var. nipponica
This cousin of the more common F. pumila, slightly tougher and a bit slower growing, has leathery pointed leaves of about 2-3” and the climbing, clinging, grasping, scraping, prying habits that we all desire… We have ours climbing the trunk of a trachycarpus palm, making a lovely green column. Shade or sun and occasional summer water for more vigorous growth. The best news: it has survived 0F, USDA zone 7, with little damage, though we still suggest mulching, at least where possible, when the next arctic express arrives.
Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum'
Striking perennial that can reach 4-5' tall and 2-3' wide with purple-bronze foliage. Commonly grown for its anise-flavored leaves and seeds, which are used for cooking. Feathery, compact leaves are also attractive in the garden. Yellow flowers erupt in late summer. Swallowtail butterflies love to lay their eggs on fennel, so many gardeners plant this variety profusely among other perennials to attract them. Reseeds freely in the garden, so remove spent flower stems to avoid self-seeding. USDA zone 4.
Fokienia hodginsii DJHC 182
Rare native of China and Vietnam, this form collected by Dan Hinkley, a tree to 75 to 100 ft tall or so in its native habitat, in cultivation reaching 25 ft in a reasonable amount of time. This member of the cypress family has lovely sprays of red-tinted foliage, often silvery underneath. A pretty addition to any moist situation with carefully drainage in dappled light to full sun. Not to be missed. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Forsythia viridissima var. koreana 'Kumson'greenstem forsythia
From Korea, a new forsythia on the scene, growing to about 4-6 ft and providing creamy yellow flowers in January, for us, in February and March in colder climates. The leaves present the most unique feature, patterned and veined with cream and white, the patterns becoming infused with pink and maroon as the late fall color settles in, for year round-interest rather than the one-shot show that forsythias usually provide. Plant as with other forsythias in sun to dappled shade and provide summer water in dry climes. Frost hardy to USDA zone 6.
Fothergilla x intermedia 'Blue Shadow'
A lovely, deciduous, witch hazel relative with elegant blue, blue, blue leaves, that are rounded and, yes, blue! except in autumn when they put on a display of purple-orange-red. In April and May, fragrant, frilly bottle-brushy white flowers decorate the branch tips just as the leaves are returning. A slow growing shrub discovered as a sport of Fothergilla 'Mount Airy'. To 5 ft tall x 3 ft wide, in full sun where water is plentiful to part shade with consistent moisture. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Tidy little native ground cover making lush carpets of waxy dark green leaves and thriving in a range of climates. Handsome white flowers cover the plant in summer, and if you’re lucky, a harvest of sweet berries follows in June. Hardy to 0 degrees F, Zone 7.
Great native ground cover for sun to part shade. Handsome white flowers cover the plant in summer, and if you’re lucky, a harvest of sweet berries follows in June. Very easy to grow. Frost hardy to USDA zone 5
Fremontodendron 'California Glory'
Wonderfully fuzzy leaves -- living up to its name -- and deeply saturated yellow-golden flowers -- to 2-3 in. across -- all summer long. HEAT, SUN, DROUGHT. It thrives on them, demands them, won’t do well without them. This clone to 10-15' wide, 12-20' tall or so, though can be pruned smaller. Avoid watering after the first summer. USDA zone 8-10.
Fremontodendron 'Sungold Hybrids'
Fabulous fuzzy evergreen for the dry garden with leaves that reflect the common name and bold yellow flowers over a long period in spring. This hybrid is more compact than others to only 5 feet tall with very good drainage in sandy soil and NO summer water after the second year. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8
Fuchsia 'Golden Gate'
Upright fuchsia with golden leaves and single flowers, cerise pink with a lavender blue corolla. To 30" tall, becoming a stout shrub in dappled shade or afternoon shade. Rich soil with consistent summer water is best with occasional fertilizer for health. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
The blue-green leaves on this species Fuchsia are nice, but I could stare at the flowers for hours at a time. Clusters of 3-4" cerise tubes, shiny green bracts and tangerine petals. Wow. To 6 ft or more, can be “lifted” to expose flaking bark or cut to the ground each year for use as a perennial. The tops are frost hardy to the high 20s F, USDA zone 9; resprouts from 15F, mid zone 8 or so if the crown is mulched. Part shade and damp conditions. Excellent pot specimen.
Fuchsia magellanica 'David Palmer'
Shared with us by Portland plantsman, David Palmer, and named for the same. This southern Chilean collection of a hummingbird's wildest fantasy with 1-2" deep cerise sepals and black-red falls has several unusual characteristics for a species long grow in in Britain and in the western US. It's high elevation provenance has allowed it to remain evergreen or nearly so through our coldest, once-in-several-decades winter, growing into a 12 ft most attractive miniature tree. Our plant is now about 10 ft with the prettiest of golden flaking bark, actually rivaling the beauty of the flowers. A least partially deciduous in the low 20sF. Happy in full sun in cooler summer climates. A bit of dappled shade elsewhere. A very good pot standard. Even moisture and fertility will keep it flowering for long periods. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Fuchsia magellanica 'Riccartonii'
Profuse red and purple flowers are abundant and smaller than the species on this shrub, to 5-8 ft tall x 3-5 ft with arching branches. Dark green leaves emerge with some bronzing. This is a very old-fashioned fuchsia, great for hummingbirds, old and young. Sun to part shade in rich soil with summer water in hottest climates. Cut back to 8-12" in late winter. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Fuchsia procumbenscreeping fuchsia
One of only two species from New Zealand, this beach dweller grows only a few inches in height but behaves as a ground cover. The stems are wiry with round 3/8" leaves and, in true New Zealand style, the flowers are weird, under 1/2" and green infused with blue, yellow, and orange. Attractive, purple-black fruit follows late in the season. A great spiller for containers or amid bold leaved plants in the semi-shaded perennial garden. Even moisture. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Fuchsia regia var. serrae
This fuchsia will attempt to climb or drape on whatever it is near, reaching 10-20 ft if allowed. Silvery shiny leaves, purple flowers and violet berries make this patio plant a winner. Overwinter via cuttings on windowsill. Olé Brazil. Particularly colorful with morning sun. Happy in dappled shade. Regular summer water as well. Freezes back in the low 20sF, resprouts from the low to mid teens F, low USDA zone 8.
Small groundcover, to only 6-12" tall, form clumps that spread slowly at the edges. Clusters of white flowers hover above the plants in May and early June, brightening the shady garden. Foliage is fine-textured and aromatic when crushed, hence the common name of sweetscented bedstraw. Shade to part shade in rich soil with consistent summer water to maintain moisture. Can go summer dormant if dry. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Gardenia jasminioides Summer SnowPP #22, 797
Gorgeous gardenia selected by Buds & Blooms nursery for its stunning, double white, highly fragrant flowers nestled on short stems amongst the glossy green leaves in early summer and for its extra cold hardiness, to at least -10F, USDA zone 6 with reports in zone 5. We have not tried it at those temperatures and hopefully we never will but we would be happy to hear from anyone who does. Shrubs reach 4-5 ft tall and wide in part sun to full shade with consistent summer moisture to establish and through the growing season. Fertilizer and iron after blooming helps maintain foliage. Here's to gardenias in colder areas. Worth growing in container in even colder zones.
Gardenia jasminoides 'Cream Picotee'
A Cistus introduction. Lovely, variegated gardenia, with smallish, shiny, green leaves that are both streaked and spotted creamy whites ... in an attractive way. This compact, evergreen shrub, to only 3-4 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide, is vigorous to boot with large, semi-double flowers that rather resemble its relative, G. jasminoides 'Chuck Hayes'. As with other gardenias, sun except in the hottest places where part shade is preferred, rich soil, and regular summer water as well as generous offerings of nutrients and iron. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Gardenia jasminoides 'Rosedown Beauty'
hardy gardenia, cape jasmine
One of an increasing number of garden tough forms, G. augusta ‘Rosedown Beauty’ quickly grows to a 4-5 ft, compact, rounded shrub, evergreen, with upturned leaves and a free flowering habit. The semi-double flowers occur throughout the summer season. Best in a sunny situation or dappled shade in the hottest parts of the world. Water in summer in dry climates. Has not been as fussy as some others about nutrients, but, as with all gardenias, benefits from generous amounts of nitrogen and iron. Frost hardy in mid to upper USDA zone 7.
Native and endemic to California in chaparral country and woodlands in the Pacific Coast range, Congdon silktassel is multi-stemmed, evergreen shrub, to 8-10 ft tall x 6-8 ft wide, with wavy-edged, leathery leaves, glossy dark green on top with a slight yellow tinge and paler and furry on the undersides, and long, dangling catkins in late January and February. Enjoys lean, well-drained soil, but tolerates clay. Also tolerant of summer drought but more lushly green with occasional summer water. Frost hardy to the low teens F, USDA zone 8. Said to be unpalatable to deer and rabbits.
coast silk tassel
Handsome evergreen native that blooms in late winter displaying splendid pendulous silky catkins. Leaves are large, leathery, shiny and undulate (wavy edged). Growing to 10-12 ft tall as a large shrub and taller if trimmed into tree form, these are extremely tough plants and make an excellent hedge. Best in full to part sun in well-drained soil with little summer water once established. Native from sw Oregon to southern California from the Coast Range to the coast. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Garrya elliptica 'Evie'
Handsome evergreen native with pendulous silky catkins in late winter. Shiny undulate leaves. Extremely tough, drought tolerant shrub/small tree (to appx. 10-12'). Male clone named for butch lady.
Garrya elliptica 'Roy Lancaster'
A Cistus introduction. Selected from a male plant growing along the Pacific Coast near the lovely town of Pistil River Oregon and named in honor of great British plantsman, Roy Lancaster, as the first species he saw, having been coaxed to join this fun, September, 2009 excursion to the coast. To about 6 ft tall, a bit larger in time, with 3" gently scalloped leaves and abundant, dangling winter flowers. These attributes, along with a light gray cast to the overall plant and a diminished likelihood of winter spotting, make it a fine new selection for light shade to full sun and little summer water once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Garrya fremontiibear brush
Winter-blooming evergreen shrub, to 5-15 ft tall, with shiny and thick, green, oval leaves and, long clusters of hanging catkins -- petal-less tassels with hints of purple and yellow -- followed by blue-black berries. Native to mountainous areas of Oregon and California, these plants accept sun to part shade in well-drained soil, tolerating summer moisture but drought tolerant once established. These dense shrubs make good screens or hedges and provide wonderful cover for birds and other creatures. Frost hardy to -10 F, USDA zone 6.
Evergreen shrub to small tree -- 6 ft up to a possible 15 ft over time -- native to Texas, Arizona and New Mexico. Wonderful for those tough environments. Leathery leaves are yellow green above, light green and a nice, contrasing light green below. White tassels in late spring followed by purplish blue berries. Best in coarse, well-drained soil and sun. Low water requirements. Frost hardy to 12F, lower USDA zone 8.
Garrya x issaquahensis
This represents a hybrid made beween Garrya fremontii and G. elliptica. Both these native western species are attractive in their own right, with this one forming glossy-leaved shrubs to 6 ft, occasionally to 10 ft or more with age -- but, hey, we all own clippers. The winter catkins are 5-6" long, these with a mauve hue. Frost hardy at least to 0F, USDA zone 7, the leaves rarely exhibiting black spotting. Dry shade or sun with little if any summer water once established and decent drainage.
Very small component of the South African Aloe family, this the typical “plant” collected by Captain Bayliss himself on the northwestern Cape. Each rosette to only 4,” rugose and tinted burgundy. Orange and green flowers shaped, indeed, like cute little stomachs. Frost hardy to low to mid 20’s, mid USDA zone 9. Otherwise, a fabulous container plant.
Gazania 'Silver Leaf'
A clump-forming African daisy with silvery-gray foliage and a trailing habit. 8-10" tall and 18-24" wide. In summer, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers appear and contrast nicely with the silver backdrop. Excellent in rockeries and borders in sunny locations, as well as containers, where they do well due to their drought tolerance. Low maintenance and easy to grow-simply snip off dead blooms after flowering is done to keep tidy appearance. USDA zone 7.
Ginkgo biloba 'Jade Butterflies'
Selected for its deep green leaves which are much larger and more scalloped than others. Brilliant glowing fall color. Very slow growing cultivar...eventually to 30-40' tall by 15-20' wide. Full sun and normal summer water. Sean’s favorite. Zones 4-9.
Ginkgo biloba 'Mariken'
Stiffly horizontal, shurbby male dwarf form to 3-4 ft tall x 5-8 ft wide over 10 years Zone 4
Ginkgo biloba 'Weeping Wonder'
dwarf maidenhair tree
Strange and wonderful new ginkgo introduction, a dwarf tree growing only 6-10 inches per years into tiny upright tree, eventually 4-5 ft tall with side branches that are horizontal to weeping. Adding to the interesting texture, the foliage is somewhat twisty and pale to dark green in summer, depending on the light, turning typical ginkgo yellow in the fall. Occasional trimming maintains good shape and form. Enjoys sun to part shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Gladiolus papiliogoldblotch gladiolus
A species gladiola -- lovely, simple, and unusual with grassy foliage, to 2 ft tall, and a flower stalk that rises above in August and September showing off lavender blooms with purplish “butterfly” markings inside. They need well-drained soil with consistent summer moisture and bright light. Best planted where they have plenty of room and robust neighbors. Perennial, dying back in winter and returning in spring. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Perennial poppy, with blue leaves forming a rosette to 1 ft across, almost like a succulent, and yellow flowers in mid to late summer on stems rising to 2 ft. The "horned" part of the common name refers to the shape of the seed pods. Full sun and well-drained soil with little summer water needed. Resprouts and reseeds. Good in containers. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Glumicalyx goseloidesnodding chocolate flower
Too cool rock garden/wall/container plant. A proliferation of 10" nodding flower stalks that turn from white to orangy/red that make the humming birds go mad from spring to frost. Oh, the flowers smell like chocolate, too. Yum. Full to half sun/good drainage. A CDN collection from Lesotho, South Africa. Hardy to 0F or below.
Blue-green succulent from the mountains of central Mexico whose tips turn red in full sun. Makes an excellent mixed container specimen with Echeveria, Senecio, and other low-growing succulents. Small red-banded flowers appear on the end of snaking stalks. Requires only occasional watering after drying out. Due to their somewhat lower cold hardiness than Echeverias, they are often crossed with them nowadays, producing Graptoverias. 25 degrees.
Fast-growing evergreen shrub or small tree from the Outback with pine-like foliage and large, white, spidery flower brushes that can be cut and used in floral arrangements. To 10-12' in height and 8-10' in width. Give this guy plenty of space in the garden or plant it along a southeastern wall to protect it from winter winds. Responds well to pruning and can even be planted in large containers for dramatic effect. Cold hardy to 20-25 degrees.
Grevillea juniperina 'Low Red'
Fabulous and exciting grevillea, a low, fine-textured, ground cover, to 18" x 5 ft+ with abundant clusters of coral-red flowers hanging from the branches from fall through spring, charming amongst the needle-like foliage, less sharp in this form. Happily, survives temperatures to nearly 10F with little damage. Drought tolerant once established in lean soil. Should NOT be fertilized with phosphorus or potassium. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8; perhaps upper 7.
Grevillea juniperina 'Molonglo'
A ground covering grevillea, to 2 ft tall x 10 ft wide adorned with deep gold flowers from fall through spring and occasionally beyond. Evergreen, it is dense and smothers weeds easily. Full sun and good drainage. Drought tolerant once established. Avoid fertilizers as with all proteas. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Griselinia littoralis 'Bantry Bay'broadleaf kapuka
Lovely and unusual evergreen shrub, to 10 ft tall by 6-7 ft wide, with shiny, leathery variegated leaves -- green with a large, creamy white central splash -- and a dense, upright habit. Easily pruned to shape as a striking specimen or dense hedge. Spring flowers are yellow-green but hardly noticeable though they produce purple berries in autumn. A good coastal plant, tolerating sun and wind. Enjoys part shade inland and rich soil with regular summer water everywhere. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
How to win friends and frighten the kids: Called ‘dinosaur food’ by many, this S. American primitive thrives in Portland near a good source of water and fertilizer. Leaves up to 6 feet long and 4 feet broad, this perennial has thick, hairy stems and impressive reddish cone-shaped flowers in summer. Can take lots of sun when kept well-watered. Frost hardy in mid USDA zone 8.
A "dinosaur" plant for the smaller lizards, this southern hemisphere perennial growing up to 2 ft tall with 6" wavy, green leaves. They love moisture, swampy moisture, in sun to part shade, dying back in the colder months to reappear in spring. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8..
Gunnera tinctoriadinosaur food
Stunning as are all Gunneras, this version of "dinosaur food" has sharply lobed and wrinkled leaves with endearing little bumps. The rhubarb-like leaves can reach over 8 ft in height and width and are also tinted with purple -- always a good thing! The flowers appear as 2 ft ...ummm...blobs that look like they have been dipped in orange bird seed. So much for botanical descriptions. Best if used in a boggy situation where water is always present, especially in summer. With afternoon shade anywhere but at the coast. Can also be used in normal garden conditions but does not attain the great size. Often survives but not shiningly in high summer heat and humidity. USDA zone 8.
Haemanthus albiflos - dwarf form
Lovely amaryllis from South Africa's Drakensberg Mountains, this form given to us by California plantswoman Myrtle Wolf, each bulb sitting above ground with thickened, opposite leaves covered with a most endearing fur. The plants quickly offset, the larger bulbs producing white flowers consisting mostly of stamens, looking well….like floss or a shaving brush…. Bright light for best look and regular summer water. Has actually been garden hardy for us in USDA zone 8 in protected spots but we recommend small containers anywhere temperatures drop to 20F, bottom of USDA zone 9.
Hakea lissospermaneedle bush
Very hardy Protea relation from eastern Australia, a great garden plant. 5 to 8 ft or more tall & covered with clusters of eyelash shaped white fragrant flowers in summer. Needle-like leaves are aromatic & handsomely arching. Tolerates a bit of summer irrigation. Our cuttings from an old plant at the University of British Columbia. As with all proteas, avoid fertilizer with phosphorous. Frost hardy to USDA zone 8.
Halimium halimifolium f. maculatum
Charming cistus relative, the spring flowers an easy-going yellow with a dark red spot on each petal near the flower center, handsome amongst the narrow-leaved, blue-green foliage. Plants are evergreen and upright, to 3 ft tall x 4 ft wide, a coolish looking shrub for the Mediterranean garden where the sun is bright, the soil is lean and well-drained, and summer water is rarely provided once plants are established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Halimium x pauanumyellow rock rose
Upright, evergreen shrub, to 6 x 4 ft, with gray-green foliage and, in May and June, abundant, brilliant yellow flowers, larger than most species and lasting for several weeks. Performs best in the sun, planted in mineral soil with good drainage. Drought tolerant once established. This cross between H. halimifolium and H. lasianthum is among the hardiest to frost: to 10F, USDA zone 8, in Mediterranean conditions.
Hamamelis x intermedia 'Arnold Promise''
A wonderful witch hazel to add to the collection, this one to 12 ft tall producing fall foliage color in shades of yellow, orange and red and then, in mid-winter, bright yellow flowers. Happy in sun to part shade with summer water for best perforance. Frost hardy to -5F, USDA zone 6b.
Haworthia angustifolia var. liliputana
This South African member of a very large genus is one of the tiniest. A childhood plant -- that is, having been in our/Sean's collection since some time in the early 70s-- that has rosettes of little teeny weeny, pointed leaves, each about the size of a nickel, growing fairly quickly to form 5-6 “ clumps in a few years. A lover of either winter or summer moisture but tolerant of drought any time. The perfect plant for a windowsill or for a miniature container garden -- perhaps in a teeny tiny condo. Good drainage is a must in full light to dappled shade except in the hottest climates. A rock garden plant in USDA zone 9 or above.
Hebe 'Patty's Purple'
Evergreen, mounding shrub, to 2-3 ft tall x 1-2 ft wide with small, dark green leaves on red stems and, in spring to summer, spikes of purple flowers that fade to white over time. Good for a small hedge or specimen in full sun to part shade and well-drained soil with some supplemental summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Hebe 'Silver Dollar'
One of the sweetest hebes around, a glaucophylla type with rounded leaves tinted powder blue and attractively streaked with cream and pink variegations. Evergreen, to only about 2 ft tall and wide, the form is dense and the colors striking. Spring flowers are pale lavender adding even more color. Hebes need good drainage in sun to part sun with summer water. Also one of the hardier hebes, easily accepting USDA zone 8 and fine in zone 7 in the best conditions.
hollow leaved hebe
Sweet, small hebe, to only 12" tall x 12-14" wide with small, pale green, succulent leaves, seemingly stacked along the stems, and clusters of white flowers in mid to late summer just in time to make the bees happy. Discovered by and named for John Buchanan, a Scotsman who botanised in New Zealand during the mid 19th century. Does well in full sun to light shade with very good drainage and summer water for best appearance. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6 with that good drainage.
Seriously frost hardy, cypress-like, whip cord Hebe primarily grown for its handsome, evergreen foliage. Pale lilac flowers are small -- but no doubt magnificent under very high magnification. Plants grow slowly up to 4 ft tall and, after many years, 3-4 ft wide, appearing as a small conifer. Very useful in the landscape. Best where there is excellent drainage in sun to part shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Hebe glaucophylla 'Korbel Pewter'
A useful evergreen shrub with natural good looks. Like the species, an upright shrub to 2 ft x 2 ft with small, gray-green leaves, grayer in this cultivar as the name would suggest. Blooms in early summer with clusters of pure white. Prefers well-drained, fertile soil in sun to part shade with average summer moisture. Evergreen to at least mid-USDA zone 8 and possibly lower.
Hebe venustula 'Sky Blue'
Shared with us by one of North America's great centers of "hebeosity", the University of Southern California Arboretum at Santa Cruz, this is one of the most often remarked upon plants in our New Zealand border where 3 ft, nearly orbicular mounds of glossy round leaves set in geometric patterns make a stunning sight! All this with dark stems and the prettiest of blue flowers, usually late spring to early summer. Sun to part sun, good drainage and normal water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Hedera canariensis 'Variegata'
variegated algerian ivy
A "good" ivy! With all the suspicions surrounding the genus hedera in our part of the world, there are several species -- quite aside from the offending H. helix -- that have no proven desire to spread to our wildlands. Hedera canariensis is one. A bold foliage, the leaves, to over 6" are heart-shaped and cream-streaked, the variegation becoming tinted pink in cold weather. For ground cover or trellis, a bold texture for the subtropical garden. Drought tolerant though thrives with summer water. For full sun to shade in nearly any drainage. Frost hardy in mid to upper USDA zone 7.
Hedychium 'Luna Moth'
luna moth ginger lily
Large and very fragrant, white flowers, indeed appearing very moth-like, make this flowering ginger a special addition to the partly shaded garden. This hybrid by Tom Wood, remains compact, to only 3-4 ft tall, with large, green and shiny leaves and flowers throughout the summer into fall. Best in part to full shade in rich soil that drains well and receives regular water. Easily frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, and into upper zone 7 with good drainage.
Hedychium coccineum 'Tara'
One of the most reliable bloomers in the PNW. Orangey-red fragrant flowers on 3-5' stalks in mid to late summer. Site in warm spot for best bloom. Normal water. Mulch in winter. Hardy & easy.
A great selection of sun rose, with oodles of peachy apricot flowers in spring to early summer. Woody, evergreen shrub for the dry garden, to only 6-12" tall and spreading to 2 ft. A terrific ground cover for full sun, well-drained soil and little to no summer water once established. Shearing after flowering maintains compact growth. Use to cascade over walls or sides of containers. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Helianthemum nummularium 'Raspberry Ripple'
Another great sun rose for the sunny garden. Bicolor raspberry and white flowers make this selection a stand out. 12" in height and 24" in width, though can look spectracular when planted in a larger mass. Excellent in the rockery, near the sidewalk, on the south wall, or in an exposed container. Little summer water once established. Full sun. Will tolerate poor soils. USDA zone 4.
Helianthemum nummularium 'Wisley Primrose'
A selection with cheery, pale yellow flowers atop gray foliage beginning in late spring. To only 6-12" tall and spreading, compact carpet of flowers is excellent for path edges, rock walls, and anywhere a small scale groundcover is needed in full to part sun. Low water needs, perhaps a sprinkle now again in summer. Sheer old flowers to promote tight growth and rebloom. Or just let it do its thing on its own. Frost hardy to USDA zone 7.
Helichrysum heldreichii - Hythe Form
The grayest subshrub in our garden at present, growing to a compact 18" tall or so with narrow, indeed gray foliage densely held, look a bit like lavender. Flowers in late spring through the summer, clusters of pale buttons to amongst the foliage. Very easy and striking in bright light with good drainage and a little summer water. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6. This form shared with us by Hythe Alpine Nursery in the United Kingdom.
Helichrysum selago var. tumidum x H. bellidioides UCSC 89.6
Wonderful creeping subshrub shared with us by the University of California Arboretum at Santa Cruz. This natural hybrid grows to only 8" in height, spreading to 2-3 ft, and is a glistening silver in all parts. Small "everlasting" flowers of pearly white appear in mid to late spring. Best with bright light, gritty soil, and at least some summer water in dry places. Not a lover of heat and humidity. We have used ours to great effect in our black and white border as well as in containers in need of high contrast. Evergreen (ever-silver!) to at least 15 to 18F, USDA zone 8b, and probably a bit lower.
Helichrysum sp. - Joubert Pass form
Evergreen perennial found in South Africa's Joubert Pass, the species so far undetermined. But identified or not, these make handsome plants, growing in low, spreading mounds, to 8" tall x 2 ft wide, the leaves pale, almost white-gray. Like the rest of the genus the flowers are bright yellow in spring into summer but plants have a strong presence all year. Best in sun and well-drained soil with occasional summer water once established. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Helleborus x sternii - Janet Starnes garden
Named for the famed Willamette Valley nurserywoman by Phillip Curtis Farms, this selection’s leathery leaves, green and heavily speckled white, light up a shaded spot and bring texture to a sunny location. Evergreen and versatile, to 2 ft tall and wide. Spring flowers are creamy chartreuse, standing in clusters above the foliage in late winter, lasting a long time. Easy in sun or part shade and frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Hemerocallis 'Pennys Worth'
Lovely yellow daylily, this one a dwarf, early blooming, long blooming, and reblooming with small, bright yellow flowers in abundance. To 10-14” tall in clumps as wide. Sun to light shade with average summer water. Lovely in and about a rock garden. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4.
Hemerocallis 'Secured Borders'
A stunning, variegated daylily, the grassy leaves appearing in spring with a narrow, green center on a white field, the result of careful breeding over many years by Sybil and Walter Przypek of Virginia. Plants are small, to 12" tall in clumps growing to 18" wide. Into summer yellow flowers appear above the foliage which has turned to green in the warm weather. A lovely plant and a collector's dream. For full to part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 3.
Should this perhaps be Hesperaloe chiangii which Greg Starr described in 2002. H. chiapsii does not google or appear anywhere.
Hesperaloe funifera x parviflora
Stunning evergreen perennial originally from Mt. States Nursery’s hybridizing, this with more of the size and vigor of H. funifera, the leaves reaching 6 ft, and the lovely peach to coral flower tones and purpling leaves of H. parviflora. Flower stalks rise to 6 ft +, flowering all summer Ohh! Bright light brings out leaf color. Frost hardy into USDA zone 6. Easy to grow with good drainage.
Hesperaloe parviflorafalse red yucca
Extremely frost hardy succulent with dense clumps of leathery, deeply grooved, blue-green leaves, to 3 ft tall and spreading slowly to 5 ft wide, and upright blooming, salmon-pink, fragrant flowers on 10 ft + stalks in late summer. Great for hummingbirds! Evergreen and suited to a difficult situation in sun (or light shade in hottest climates) with no summer irrigation once established. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Hesperaloe parviflora - dwarf yellow-flowering hybrid
A selection from Ron Gass at Mountain States Nursery in Glendale, Arizona, this form is a smaller hybrid of H. parviflora with 2-3 ft rosettes and flower stalks to only 20 inches but with canary yellow flowers. A very pretty and unusual selection and most attractive when combined in single plantings with the coral-orange flowered forms. Full sun to part shade with little summer water. An easy grower, frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Hesperaloe parviflora 'Brakelights'
The result of hybridizing work plantsman Ron Gass has undertaken for many years, this dwarf false yucca to only 18-20" with finely filifered leaves produces flower stalks of about 2 feet that are particularly upright and adorned with intense coral red flowers for weeks, often reflowering for months. Possibly the most interesting and useful hybrid to date. Hardy into Zone 6, maybe lower for mostly to fully sunny sites. Very drought tolerant but supplemental summer water where dry hastens growth. Excellent container plant.
Hesperaloe parviflora x funifera 'Pink Parade'
This, another result of Ron Gass's massive hybridization work among the false yuccas has resulted in 3-4' tall upright plants with thick leaves of bright green coloring warm pink with bright light or winter cold and adorned with white curly filifers toward the base. The flowers are on upright stems to 5-6 feet and are of orange with a bit of cream around the edges. Any well-drained soil and bright light. Excellent container plant. Upper Zone 6 to low Zone 7 and up. As with other Hesperaloe, summer water increases vigor.
Heuchera 'Green Spice'
Another fabulous coral bell, this with silvery-over-green leaves marked with dark purple veins. A small perennial, to only 12 " tall x 15" wide, with 24", flower spikes of white bells in late spring to early summer, and, during the cooler, winter months, even some pinkish tones to the leaves. Grow in sun to part sun with some summer water, especially in sun. Frost hardy USDA zone 4.
Amber colored Heuchera with longevity. Rich ruffled foliage with golden-green and pinkish amber tones. Leaves having bright pink undersides as well. Does well in Sun to Shade. Blooms in late spring. USDA zone 4
Can you have too many black plants? No. Stunning black leaves and a compact mounding growth habit make this an awesome plant for large drifts or a mixed container. Plant in sun or part shade for deepest color. 10in tall and 16in wide. You know you gotta have it. USDA Zone 6
Heuchera 'Sugar Plum' PPAFpurple coral bells
Plum-purple leaves with a frosty silver sheen set this heuchera apart, another from Terra Nova Nursery's breeding program. Slightly larger and with larger leaves than others of the purple ilk, these form evergreen mounds to 12" tall x 18" wide with silvery pink flowers on stalks to 26" high, standing above the foliage in spring and summer. Full sun or part shade in hottest climates, in well-drained soil with careful summer water, allowing some drying between dousings. Expected to tolerate heat and humidity. Frost hardy in to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Hosta 'First Frost'
This Patricia Scolnik discovery of a sport of H. ‘Halcyon ‘adds a 1/2" creamy yellow margin (aging to white by seaon’s end) to the blue leaves of the parent. 16" tall leaves spreading to form a 3 ft wide clump, sending up its light lavender flower spike in mid-summer. For light shade and regular water in summer. Frost hardy in USDA zone 3.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
An all-time favorite of the blue foliaged hostas, this one forms a 2ft wide clump of 15” tall, rounded leaves, pointed when young. Holding its color well, it is a vigorous grower and durable, sending up beautiful blue-lavender flowers in summer. For part sun to light shade. Frost hardy in USDA zone 3.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
xi shan mo il
Rarely offered evergreen shrub to small tree. Grows slowly. Can reach 30 ft, but 15 ft is more reasonable in the garden. Closely related to Styrax, this collection from Yunnan is frost hardy in USDA zone 8 if planted where it gets even moisture over the summer and isn’t soggy in the winter. Long, narrow leaves are shiny green with bronze coloration in new growth. White bell flowers are abundant in spring when mature. Best in sun to part shade.
Hydrangea arborescens 'Emerald Lace'smooth hydrangea
An unusual and unique hydrangea, found in Illinois by Stan Tyson, with dark green foliage, ragged and deeply, irregularly lobed with occasional crest formations. Summer flowers are white lace-caps. A deciduous shrub, reaching to 4-5 ft tall x 3-4 ft wide over time and enjoying bright light to part shade with regular summer water. Blooms on new wood; can be cut back hard in late winter. Frost hardy to -25F, mid USDA zone 4. Sometimes found as H. arborescens 'Green Dragon'.
Hydrangea aspera 'Red Fred'
A striking plant that has appeared from both Japan and China of late presenting 6-8", beautifully felted leaves colored burgundy on the undersides and, in spring, large flattened sprays of fertile flowers from white to pale blue. These deciduous shrubs easily reach 6-8 ft, tall enough to be lifted, e.g., trimmed up to expose the contrast of golden, flaking bark and the striking leaf undersides. Prefers a moist situation with dappled shade. Frost hardy to 5F, USDA zone 7b.
Hydrangea aspera 'Rocklon'
Unusual hydrangea selected for its dark purple stems and petioles and for flowers that are bigger than a small child's head, white lace-caps appearing from pinkish buds. Large, deciduous shrub, to 12 ft tall x 8 ft wide, with rich green, serrated leaves making a good background for the floral display. Best in half sun or dappled shade with summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Hatsushima'
A medium growing mop-top with pleasing blue-violet flowers, the flowers deepening in intensity over the summer into autumn. But even more exciting these have consistently white streaked leaves making it a beautiful woodland shrub contrastingly greatly with the flowers. (We have found our plants to occasionally throw a green reversion so best to prune accordingly.) Best in damp, well-drained soil preferably in dappled shade. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mariesii'
One of the more rewarding deciduous Hydrangeas -- in gardens for many years, but surprisingly never common. Shrubs, to 4 ft or more, for dappled shade with strikingly green and white variegated leaves and lavender to blue fertile flowers surrounded by an elegant ring of sterile florets. Care is for that of other Hydrandgeas with decent summer moisture in dry places. Takes fairly heavy pruning, still flowering each season. Frost hardy to USDA zone 5 - 6.
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mickanya'
A mophead hydrangea with violet flowers and dense, glossy green, rounded leaves -- rather different from other deciduous hydrangeas. A small to medium shrub, to only 4 ft tall or a bit more, for sun or, in the hottest climates, dappled to part shade and rich, well-drained soil with consistent summer moisture. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Hydrangea macrophylla 'Sun Goddess'big-leaf hydrangea
'Sun Goddess' is also known as 'Lemon Zest' and 'Yellow Leaf' -- confirming that, indeed, this is a yellow foliage hydrangea, a shrub to 4 ft x 4 ft with mophead flowers, pink to blue (with sufficient acidity). For a bright garden accent, protect from hottest afternoon sun and provide summer moisture. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8, upper zone 7 in a protected spot.
Hydrangea quercifolia 'Pee Wee'
dwarf oakleaf hydrangea
Compact oakleaf hydrangea, to 2-3 ft tall and wide. Creamy flowers appear in mid summer to early fall. Foliage emerges bright spring-green and darkens to burgundy in the fall - a lovely contrast with the white flowers. For part shade - a bit of protection from western sun - and average summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Hydrangea scandens 'Fragrant Splash'
A unique and hard-to-find hydrangea, low growing, the branches trailing along the ground with handsome, new leaves, emerging purple marked with pale yellow veins. White, lacecap flowers, arriving surprisingly early in spring, are numerous, floriferous, and charming. Dappled shade to part shade with summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Hydrangea seemanii x serratifolia
Wow. Huge balloon shaped white flowers on this self-clinging, evergreen hydrangea. What more could you ask for? his hybrid by Martin Grantham of San Francisco grows quickly to 20 ft or more. Half sun is best with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 with protection from most severe cold.
Hydrangea serrata 'Acuminata'mountain hydrangea
Also known as H. serrata 'Bluebird', this small hydrangea has particularly lovely, lacecap flowers composed of dark blue fertile flowers surrounded by pale lavender-blue florets, all covering the plant from June to October. Can grow to 5 ft tall, but, as flowering is improved by regular pruning, it is easily kept smaller. Sun to part shade with consistent summer moisture and fertilizer. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Hydrangea serrata 'O-amacha Nishiki''
Rare and unusual, strikingly variegated hydrangea in greens and golds, this form selected by the late JC Raulston at the NC State University Arboretum that now bears his name. Deciduous shrub to 4 ft tall and wide with summer lacecap flowers of white florets blushed pink. Can take full sun on the coast but best protected from the harshest afternoon sun inland. Rich soil and summer water everywhere. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 6.
Hydrangea sp. - variegated, white flower
Ilex aquifolium 'Crassifolia'leatherleaf holly
Cultivated since the 1700s, this oddly handsome, small holly reaches 6 - 8 ft tall but very slowly, its curved leaves, shiny and dark with their distinctive, soft spines standing out on dark purple stems in the new growth. Spring flowers are white but inconspicuous, producing no fruit on this male cultivar. Sun to part shade with average summer moisture, though these can tolerate some drought once established. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil'
A particularly useful form of the oft used I. crenata, this miniature “Italian cypress” forms a handsome evergreen exclamation point in the landscape, growing to 5-6 ft or so, maintaining a very narrow width, often not more than 1 ft to 18”, a very good structure for the garden or container. Tolerant of dappled shade and certainly full sun, preferring at least occasional summer water. Cold hardy in USDA zone 6.
Ilex dimorphophylla x cornuta
This very compact shrub, to upwards of 6 ft and rather narrow, has densely held, 1-2", almost succulent, spring-green leaves with spines towards the ends. This cross has all the glossiness and cold hardiness of I. cornuta and the delicate beauty of the more tender I. dimorphophylla. Good for small specimens or hedges and a most attractive pot specimen. Prefers dappled shade to full sun and regular, even if infrequent, summer water. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 6 or low zone 7.
round leaf holly
A classic broadleaved evergreen for the West. Shrubs are rounded, to 4-6 ft, the 5” leaves, exceedingly glossy with outsized teeth when young, eventually becoming toothless as the plant ages. Full sun to half shade. Appreciates occasional summer water though drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy USDA zone 6.
Ilex vomitoria 'William Fleming'fleming yaupon holly
A strikingly upright cultivar of a southeast US native, the form is columnar --like Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervivum), reaching 8-15 ft, though easily kept lower -- and accented with glossy, evergreen leaves, to about 1" long, and small, orange-red berries in autumn. On mature plants, the upright branches can lean and develop upright branchlets so plants are easily shorn or tied to retain a tighter presence. More tolerant of moisture than Italian cypress. Lovers of heat and tolerant of drought once established, they are frost hardy 0F, USDA zone 7, and are best in full sun to only lightly dappled shade. As the name suggests, the fruit should not be eaten.
Illicium floridanum 'Head-Lee Compact'
compact star anise
Lustrous leaved, evergreen anise with especially large dusky red, star-shaped fragrant flowers in early spring. (Okay, so they kinda smell like St. Bernard breath... but the crushed leaves do smell like aniseed.) This selection from the Head-Lee Nursery in South Carolina is a tough plant for part shade to full shade and indeed compact, remaining under 6 ft. Plants are moisture loving and unhappy if allowed to dry out. Frost hardy to USDA zone 6.
Illicium henryi - Camellia Forest clonehenry anise tree
Native to central and western China this evergreen shrub or small tree, shared with us by Camellia Forest Nursery in North Carolina, can eventually reach 7-15 ft tall and wide. Anise-scented leaves are about 6" long and slender, said to be deer resistant, and late spring flowers are cupped and copper to dark red. Part shade to shade; remains dense and shapely even in deep shade. Can be grown in full sun in milder climates. Good for screening. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zones 7.
Impatiens omeiana 'Silver Pink'
This wonderful new selection of the Mt. Omei impatiens spreads slowly into a dense colony of 6" bronzy stems and gorgeous leaves in a dark bronzy green sprinkled with silver, like fairy dust, with central veins in pink that darkens and spills into the leaf. Yum. Mustard to salmon flowers make a great contrast from late summer to frost. Shade to deep shade in moist soil with, of course, summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
japanese blood grass
Ornamental, perennial grass, to 12-18" tall, the tops turning deep red in summer, darkening to burgundy over time. Forms clumps to 12" wide creating a bright spot in the garden until going dormant in late fall. Especially lovely when back-lit. Likes well drained soil and moist conditions in part shade or full sun for best color. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Iochroma australe SBH 6129
mini angel's trumpet
A wonderful shrubby angel's trumpet (previously Acnistus australis.) This form, collected by Sean in Argentina, produces a profusion, indeed a plethora of dark blue, bellflowers hanging from each branch in spring and early summer, outstanding against the pale bark and dark leaves. These deciduous shrubs reach 6-8 ft tall and nearly as wide if left untrimmed. For sun to part shade, flowering best with summer moisture but tolerant of drought once established. Can be coppiced to maintain compactness but the winter structure of nearly white branchlets is an additional attraction. Root hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7, and evergreen in zone 9, 20F and above.
Iris - Forty Niner [Pacific Coast Hybrid]
From the group of wonderfully useful irises, especially loved for their rich, saturated flower colors -- these of bright gold with heavy henna veining -- and their evergreen, upright stiff leaves that look good all year. A Joe Ghio hybrid, this one grows to 9" tall or so, and is easy to tuck in the garden, in sun or part shade where the soil is reasonably well-drained. Very drought tolerant once established and frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Iris - rosy lavender [Pacific Coast Hybrid]
Another in the group of wonderfully useful irises, especially loved for their rich, saturated flower colors -- this one a sweet rosy lavender -- and their evergreen, upright and stiff leaves that look good all year. Grows to 9" tall or so, and is easy to tuck in the garden, in sun or part shade where the soil is reasonably well-drained. Very drought tolerant once established and frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Iris 'Bright Lights' [Pacific Coast Hybrid]
From the group of wonderfully useful irises, especially loved for their rich, saturated flower colors -- these of lavender with an alluring dark eye -- and their evergreen, upright stiff leaves that look good all year. A selection by Nevin Smith, this one grows to a compact 9" or so, and is easy to tuck in the garden in sun or part shade where the soil is reasonably well-drained. Very drought tolerant once established and frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Iris 'Dark Clouds' [Pacific Coast Hybrid]
From the group of wonderfully useful irises, especially loved for their rich, saturated flower colors -- these of deep violet with a gold flash on the falls -- and their evergreen, upright stiff leaves that look good all year. A selection by Nevin Smith, this one is quite compact to less than 9", and is easy to tuck in the garden, in sun or part shade where the soil is reasonably well-drained. Very drought tolerant once established and frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Iris 'Peachy' [Pacific Coast Hybrid]
pacific coast iris
Who wouldn't love to have soft peach and lavender flowers in spring, standing above clumps of bluish green foliage that look looks fine all year long. Sun to light shade in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant but appreciates occasional summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Iris [Pacific Coast hybrid]
Isolepis cernua 'Live Wire'
live wire fiber optic grass
Grass-like plant with thin blades, up to 12" tall in a clump to 18-20" wide, growing upright then draping nicely over walls or in containers. Tiny white balls at the tops of stems are actually flowers and add interest to this unusual and charming creature. Regular summer water; more for sunny locations and less for part shade. Tender perennial, frost hardy to 28F, upper USDA zone 9, so best in a pot to bring inside for wintry weather.
Jasminum mesnyi 'Gold Tip'primrose jasmine
Similar to Jasminum mesnyi 'Full Moon' but with leaves that are variegated gold and green, creating a mounding texture. Also a mounding shrub to 4-5 ft or a vine to 10 ft or more. Sun for best color but very adaptable to shade. Cheerful, too. Flowers are similar as well, pale yellow appearing from spring through autumn. Drought tolerant though appreciates occasional summer water in dry climates. Frost hardy to 10F, the bottom of USDA zone 8. Also known as Jasminum primulinum,
Jasminum officinale 'Argenteovariegatum'variegated poet's jasmine
Lovely and vigorous, deciduous vine, with gray-green leaves edged in white and emerging very red in spring. A climber to 10-12 ft or so, but easily kept smaller. Blossoms are white and very fragrant in mid summer to early fall. Plant in good, rich soil in full sun or part shade with summer water for best appearance. Bees, butterflies and hummingbirds will love you. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Jasminum officinale 'Aureovariegatum'variegated poet's jasmine
Vigorous, twining, variegated poet's jasmine with green, gold-splashed foliage on vines that quickly reach 14 ft tall on a trellis or winding through tall shrubs or trees, adding bright color and, in summer, the exquisitely sweet aroma of the abundant white flowers. Deciduous, the new leaves emerging with hints of orange. Blooms on new growth so trimming is best done in the fall. Full sun to part shade with at least occasional summer water. Frost hardy to 5F, mid USDA zone 7.
Jasminum parkeri 'Phantom'dwarf jasmine
A Cistus introduction. Having originated from one of our seed batches, this is a deciduous shrub to only about 18" to 2 ft tall with fine-textured leaves of only one inch or less that hold on late into the fall. Spring growth emerges nearly white splashed pink fading to cream then light green. Though smaller than the species, still vigorous for such a variegated plant. Tolerant of summer drought and happy in full sun to dappled shade. Evergreen where temperatures do not drop below 25F. Otherwise frost hardy in USDA zone 7b.
Jasminum polyanthum 'Variegata'
night scented jasmine
Think white flowers, extremely fragrant, emerging from pink buds -- masses of fragrant flowers for spring. This Chinese vine is evergreen in USDA zone 9 and able to resprout in mid zone 8 in a protected spot. Best with its feet in cool shade and sun above. Very vigorous where happy, in the ground or potted for conservatory or outdoor/indoor life in colder climates and worth any extra care-taking.
A most beautiful palm from S. Africa, slowly growing to 15-20 ft. Needs heat, good drainage, and unfortunately no freezing temperatures, so containers are the answer in the Pacific Northwest. Will eventually sucker to form a clump of plants. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9b.
canary islands juniper
Endangered in its native habitats, the Canary Islands and Madeira, this evergreen conifer grows quickly to 20-30t tall by 10-16 ft wide, becoming a tall and broad tree with blue-gray-green needles and slightly pendulous branch ends. Handsome in sun to light shade where soil is well-drained and not amended with organic matter. Drought tolerant once established, requiring deep watering during the first year and occasional deep watering in subsequent summer. Frost hardy to at least 10F, and reported lower into zone 7.
While the genus as a whole includes a lovely group of vines, this, from China’s Nanjing Botanical Garden differentiates itself from the others by showing off red tints in both new growth and new stems, with the same showing in the winter color of the evergreen foliage. Small flowers produce whitish fruit on female plants but, really, that’s not the reason for growing these. Another in the increasingly large arsenal of useful vines that don’t immediately climb to the top of the nearest tree. Sun for best color though not half bad in shade with some some water where dry. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Handsome evergreen vine grown for its shiny leaves and its oddly attractive white berries. Best if given a bit of protection from the hot afternoon sun while it scrambles up. Usually 6-8 ft tall. Even water.
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi lavender scallops
Another wonderful succulent, native to Madagascar (despite the misleading common name of South American air plant) with rounded, fleshy, blue-green leaves, slightly toothed on the edges, held on upright, flowering stems to 2 ft tall, and low growing, sterile stems that root along the ground. Hanging clusters of purple flowers appear in late spring. Best out of direct sun with occasional water during the summer growing season and little in winter. Frost hardy to 25F or so, USDA zone 9b, and a popular container plant where temperatures dip lower.
Kalanchoe fedtschenkoi 'Aurora Borealis' - variegated
Kalanchoe tomentosapanda plant, pussy ears
A wooly-leaved succulent, with fat, felty leaves covered in silver-white hairs -- a water conservation adaptation -- giving the plant a foliage a bluish appear except for the tiny brown spots along the bumpy leaf margins. Found in the wild only in Madagasgar, these charming succulents thrive in full sun, lean soil that drains well, and a thorough drying out before being watered. Frost hardy to 25F, mid USDA zone 9 and a fine pot plant to be overwintered indoors where temperatures dip lower.
Kerria japonica 'Albescens'white japanese kerria
Deciduous shrub, enjoyed especially for its single flowers with oddly shaped petals in creamy, pale yellow. To 6 ft tall and wide, but easily trimmed, these are lovely in early to mid spring when covered with flowers. Fine in part shade to full sun with occasional summer water. Said to be deer resistant. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Kniphofia 'Dwarf Yellow'
Low grassy green foliage forming semi-evergreen clumps with spikes of yellow flowers to 2 feet in late spring/early summer. Sun to part shade and rich, well-draining soil with regular summer water for best performance. Deadheading improves both appearance and floriferousness. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 or below.
Kniphofia 'Elvira' 22134
Low grassy green leaves; many spikes of bright orange flowers to 3 feet in summer and fall. A Blooms of Bressingham introduction. Sun, moderate to occasional watering, hardy to 10 degrees F. or less.
Kniphofia caulescensred hot poker
Narrow, evergreen, blue-green leaves maintain a good garden presence throughout the year so the July-August flowers, orange and yellow on 4 ft spikes are a wonderful bonus. Heat and drought tolerant, so bright sun and little summer water. Enjoy! Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
white crape myrtle
Beautiful, vase-shaped small tree (to 25-30 ft tall x 20 ft wide) that covers itself with trusses of pure white flowers in late summer. Dark green leaves in summer change to bright red in the cool of fall. Cinnamon pealing bark on mature plants adds to the appeal. of this wonderful garden specimen or street tree. Full sun, good drainage, and regular water for best blooms. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
osage crape myrtle
Outstanding crepe myrtle entirely suited to western Oregon gardens with huge clusters of clear pink flowers in early August to late September. Reaches 15 ft tall with a spreading, somewhat pendulous branches (made more so in flower) and stunning bark that becomes swirled in mahogany and chestnut brown with age. Leaves emerge dark green and turn bright red and orange in autumn for even more color. Enjoys the hottest full sun with summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6b.
Lagerstroemia 'Sarah's Favorite'
white flowered crepe myrtle
A wonderful, white flowering, crepe myrtle with large and abundant clusters of crinkly white flowers in late summer early fall. Best grown as a multi-trunked, small tree, reaching 10-12 ft tall with pale gray bark shedding to rich, cinnamon tones and dark green, maroon-tinted leaves, the perfect backdrop for white flowers. Similar to L. 'Natchez' but more upright. Bright light and heat, well-drained soil a bit on the lean side, and occasional summer water for best performance. Frost hardy to USDA zone 7.
Lapageria roseachilean bellflower
The national flower of Chile, rare in gardens, this distant lily relative inhabits the coastal rain forests of southern Chile where temperatures rarely hit 80F in summer or 20F in winter. Waxy pink bells -- forms exist sometimes picoteed pure white or even blue tinted. We offer seedlings descended from the exquisite forms at the Nursery El Vergel in southern Chile, known for its Lapageria cultivation. Our plants, some flowering size, bear clear, warm pink flowers with a white lace filigree toward the end of each petal. In shaded, moist gardens of the Pacific Coast and with some success in the Southeast, L. rosea grows 10 to 12 ft with glossy, evergreen leaves and flowers sporadically year round but especially in fall and spring. Appreciates cool, infertile soil, even moisture and humidity, and fertilizers low in phosphorous and potassium. Wonderful container plants. USDA zone 8 out of wind; our garden specimens are on a detachable small chain so the plants can be taken down and covered should cold weather strike.
Lardizabala biternata RCH 425zabala fruit vine
A very attractive, evergreen vine from south central Chile growing in a most reasonable manner to about 10 ft with matte green leaves coated powder blue underneath and small pinkish white flowers in early spring leading to bluish black fruit when more than one clone is about. This collection from Randall Hitchin in 2005 is good where a vine is needed that won’t eat the world. Frost hardy and remaining evergreen to the bottom of USDA zone 8 in well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade. Good container spiller.
blue star creeper
One of our favorite ground covers around Cistus Design Nursery. Vigorous and easy. Not prone to die out. Great between stepping stones. Light blue flowers in spring and summer are a bonus. Full to part sun and even part shade. A slightly moist sight is best, not too dry and not too soggy. Spreading 1in tall x 18in wide. USDA zone 5.
Laurus nobilis 'Aurea'golden bay
For the culinary gardener -- a densely branched, evergreen tree, 6-15 ft wide x 10-30 ft tall, with bright yellow, aromatic leaves - bay leaves, only yellow - that can season soups and stews. Small, yellowish flowers are followed by black, fruit. Native to the Mediterranean in moist valleys, so well-drained soil, sun to part shade, and some summer moisture is best, at least until well established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zones 8.
Laurus nobilis f. angustifoliawillow-leaf bay
Narrow leaved form of the Grecian bay with willow-like evergreen leaves and a densely branched, more spreading canopy than the more upright species, to 20 ft tall and eventually 25 ft wide. Sun and well-drained soil is best with little summer water necessary once established. Has proven hardier than most selections and, though a warm sheltered spot is preferred, has survived temps nearing 0F, bottom of USDA zone 7, with little harm. We received this the Royal Horticultural Society garden at Wisley with the above name, a still current name there, but plants are also sold as L. nobilis 'Angustifolia.'
Lavandula angustifolia 'Ashdown Forest'
A neat and pretty lavender with gray-green leaves and slender, upright stems that bear short terminal spikes of pale purple flowers from summer into early autumn. Highly scented and good for drying. Height to 18". Ideal for a compact hedge, along a path or driveway, or in small containers. Plant in full sun and well-drained soil. USDA zone 6.
Tender lavender with finely cut foliage and branching spikes of pale blue to violet flowers in summer. Enjoys sun and well-drained soil with occasional summer water that keeps the plants on the dry side. Evergreen and frost hardy where temperatures don't drop below freezing. Annual in USDA zone 8 so enjoy for the season.
Lavandula multifida 'Spanish Eyes'
Soft, silvery, double pinnate foliage and violet-blue flowers contiue all summer long on this somewhat tender lavender from the southern Mediterranean, including Sicily and the Canary Islands. Great in containers or treated as an annual. Full sun. Frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9.
Lavandula stoechas 'Otto Quast'
Small, evergreen shrub, 1-2 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide, with inch long leaves, very gray-green, and purple flowers from early spring to late summer and occasionally all year. Like all lavenders, likes full sun and well-drained soil with only occasional summer water. This form, found by Otto Quast and introduced by California's Homestead Nursery, is frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Lavandula viridis - yellow flowers
From Portugal, Spain & the island of Madeira comes an unusual twist on your typical purple flowered lavender; these are, as the name suggest, yellow flowered, with bright yellow blooms on spikes standing above the aromatic, green foliage in summer. Grows to 3 ft tall and wide in sun where soil is well-drained. Drought tolerant but can benefit from occasional summer water and occasional pruning to maintain shape. To 3 ft tall in clumps as wide. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Lavandula x 'Christiana'
Lovely, unusual silvery-green lavender with serrated leaves and deep blue-purple flowers that appear in tridents. In some ways, this variety doesn't look much like a lavender at all and the flowers have no scent. The foliage, however, does. Plants are vigorous and can reach 2-3' tall. Overwinter to keep alive for successive years as this variety is not very cold hardy below 40 degrees. If you have one, move into a heated greenhouse and take cuttings for next year. USDA zone 10.
Lavandula x intermedia 'Fred Boutin'
A favorite lavender, fast-growing with upright, silver-gray-green foliage on stems to 2-3 ft tall forming clumps to 2-3 ft wide. Spikes of violet-blue flowers begin in late spring and last to mid summer. Lovely in the garden, attracting bees and neighbors. Also good for cut flowers and for drying. Loves full sun and lean well-drained soil with little summer water once established. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5. Said to be deer resistant.
Lavandula x intermedia 'Provence'
A bushy lavender, large, to 40” tall x 3 ft wide and very fragrant, the flowers blue-violet on tall spikes. Like all lavenders, full sun, lean soil, and little summer water once established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Lavatera x clementii 'Barnsley'
Tree mallow or, in this case, shrub mallow, with woody stems, gray-green foliage, and in summer large, red-eyed flowers opening white and aging to pale pink over a long period. To 3-4 ft tall and wide; easily kept in shape with a hard pruning in spring. Prefers well-drained soil and summer water in sun with protection from harsh winds. A charming addition to the sunny garden. Evergreen in warmer zones and root hardy at least to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Ledebouria 'Gary Hammer'spotted squill
A charming version of the common squill, this South African form has wonderful foliage, long narrow, gray-green leaves, evenly spotted and lasting for up to three months before dormancy arrives. Forms clumps to only 6" tall x 20" wide. The flowers are a pale blue and proliferate cheerfully. Sun and dry summers, though summer moisture is tolerated. Don’t be fooled, hardier than they look! Frost hardy to a bit below 10F, upper USDA zone 7. Does well in containers.
Leptinella squalida 'Platt's Black'
Ground cover, to only 2" tall, and spreading by runners with ferny foliage, very black in this culvivar. Sun to part shade in well-drained soil. Prefers summer moisture but tolerates low summer water. Good for rock gardens or cover for gravel mulch where the color makes a good contrast. Evergreen to 20F and frost hardy in USDA zone 8, recovering quickly.
Leptospermum lanigerum - Mt. Walltea tree
This late spring flowering Tasmanian tea tree becomes a medium shrub in time, to 5-10 ft tall x 3-5 ft wide -- not really a tree at all. Silvery evergreen leaves are small and fragrant when crushed or brushed and meld well with all sorts of other foliage types while creating a perfect backdrop for the small, single, white, fragrant flowers. Full sun to light shade is best where soil is well-drained. Needs little summer water once established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Leptospermum lanigerum - purple leaf form
wooly tea tree
Spring flowering tea tree with handsome, darkish blue leaves infused with purple rather than the silver blue of the straight species, but similarly small and fragrant when crushed or brushed and a perfect backdrop for the 1", single, white, fragrant flowers in early summer. Evergreen, reaching 5-10 ft tall x 3-5 ft wide in full sun to light shade where soil is well-drained. Needs little summer water once established. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
alpine tea tree
One of the nicest tea trees to come to us in a long time, this shared with us by Paul Bonine of Xera Plants and named after Namadgi National Park on the Australian Capital Territory/ New South Wales border. Only found in the late 80s growing on thin soils at high elevations and introduced to us recently. To 3-4 ft tall with small, shiny, evergreen leaves and spring flowers, white ever so slightly tinted pink, for sun to dappled shade. To us the most striking feature is the bark, peeling in sheets to a light orange. Plants in the garden should be lifted to expose this lovely feature. Good hedging or container plant and rather drought tolerant in the ground. Has been tested so far in this country to as low as 5F with no damage, therefore a confidant USDA zone 7b.
Leptospermum rupestre - Kate Bryant Collectionalpine tea tree
An upright form of an often prostrate plant, grown from seed collected by Portland's own Kate Bryant in high elevation Tasmania at nearly 4000 ft, maintains a narrow, upright form, reaching 5 ft tall eventually, with smallish green, glossy leaves, gold bark, and white, star-shaped flowers appearing in early spring. Best in full sun to part shade, in soil that is well-drained. Once established needs only occasional summer water. In addition, a few leaves in a cup of just boiled water, a squeeze of lemon and all your ills will go away -- or so we hear. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Leptospermum scoparium 'Washington Park Hardy'
Leptospermum scoparium is among the most beautiful of the teas so we were happy to find this one surviving robustly after a 10F winter in Seattle's Washington Park. Though a shrub to under 4 ft at the time there, in our garden, with a little more heat, it quickly lept to a 4 x 8 ft specimen with deep green, burgundy tinted leaves and clouds of white flowers in spring. We kind of think of it as a purple Italian cypress for bright conditions and some summer water especially in dry climates. We declare it hardy easily to the mid teens F so, USDA zone 8b, and possible to mid USDA zone 7.
Lespedeza liukiuensis 'Little Volcano'little volcano bush clover
Shared with us by plantsman extraordinaire Ted Stephens, this 6 to 8 foot shrub from the garden of Dr. Shibamichi in Japan begins flowering mid-autumn (and sporadically year-round), producing a lava flow of magenta to cerise flowers accentuated by striking late November-December golden fall color. Despite its subtropical origins in the Ryukyu Islands of Japan, this has been reliable in USDA zone 7. A lover of warmth and water. Full sun to half shade. Particularly good as container plants or near wall edges.
Mind-bending new cultivar of Leucadendron discovered in 2007 in a commercial cut flower field of Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' in New Zealand. Leaves are deep purple, almost black, with dark red, burgundy flowers. Compact growth to a height of 4' and a width of 6'. Great as a cut flower specimen or to provide contrast to a green-leaved garden. Zone 9a.
Leucadendron 'More Silver'
This African conebush sets apart from the others by its outstanding silver-blue foliage and wide-open yellow flowers. Full sun. Height to 6-8', width to 6'. Like most other Leucadendrons, this cultivar will tolerate anything from well to poorly drained soils. Its nemesis for us is the cold, so protect it from frost by containerizing, covering it in temps below freezing, or bringing into your garage during an Arctic outbreak. To 4' tall. Zone 9a.
Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset'
Evergreen shrub to about 4-5 ft. Beautiful, long lived flowers. Full sun to part shade. Mineral soil that drains well. Frost hardy only into the low 20s F - USDA zone 9. Great in a container that can be brought onto the front porch or into the garage during those few, brief winter cold spells. A member of the protea family– no phosphorous fertilizer!
Leucadendron 'Silvan Red'
Another fast-growing evergreen shrub from South Africa with narrow green leaves that flush burgundy at the tips. Will reach 8' in height and 4' in width. Handsome as a large container specimen or focal plant in the garden. Silver and yellow flowers appear in cones in summer and open wide amid the upper leaves and look like small yellow birds sitting in nests. Can be cut back and moved to protected area to avoid winter damage. Full sun. Zone 9.
Leucadendron 'Summer Red'
Gorgeous, must-have, evergreen, proteaceous shrub, to 7 x 6 ft with foliage tipped deep red-purple and flowers of cream and red in late winter/early spring. Full sun and well-drained soil, low in potassium and phosphorus. Water deeply and infrequently once established. A protected spot is best where extra coverage (say, a blanket) can be provided should temperatures drop below 20F.
Leucadendron salignum 'Golden Tip'
A widespread, proteaceous shrub from the Cape region of South Africa with leaves and flowers bracts often tinted pinks, oranges, and yellows. This form, a shrub to about 2 1/2', produces lime-green leaves becoming ever-more golden towards the flowering spikes of green turning very dark yellow. Lover of bright light , coolish conditions and well-drained soil, preferably sandy and low in phosphorous and potassium. Otherwise easy as pie. Really! Other than areas immediate to the Pacific Ocean or, of course, some place like South Africa, it makes a fine pot specimen to be brought in only briefly when temperatures dip below 20ºF. Frost hardy in USDA zone 9.
Leucosceptrum japonicum 'Silver Angel'
silver angel japonese shrub mint
Shared with us by plantsman Ted Stephens this small shrubby perennial, to only about 18-20" inches tall, adorns itself with 4" leaves of silver simply edged in deep green. The strange terminal flowers are a pale lilac but appear almost cone-like. A striking addition to the woodland garden. We suggest underplanting with darker, evergreen ground covers for contrast. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Lewisia cotyledon 'Sunset Strain'
One of Northern California and Southern Oregon’s most beautiful native wildflowers. These have been hybridized into an eye popping range of colors in bright sunset shades. Nice evergreen rosettes as well. Give these plants sun and excellent drainage and enjoy the show. May go deciduous in too much heat or cold, but they are hardy in USDA zone 4.
Lewisia cotyledon [mixed seedlings]
One of northern California and southern Oregon’s most beautiful native wildflowers. These are seedlings and can be expected to produce an eye popping range of flower colors, the exact color unknown for individual plants but all should be charming. The evergreen rosettes are handsome as well, offsetting slowly to add more plants and more color. Give these sun and excellent drainage and enjoy the show. May go deciduous in too much heat or cold, but they are frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Libertia peregrinans 'Gold Leaf'orange new zealand iris
Introduced from New Zealand in about 2006 this evergreen “flag” makes spreading clumps of plants, to 18” tall, with dainty, iris-like foliage tinted a golden-orange that is more intense in winter. Slightly lean soil and bright light for best color. White spring flowers produce clusters of black fruit, attractive against the foliage. Able to withstand wet soil and all but severe drought. Another good container specimen and/or knitter. Frost hardy to 0F, the low end of USDA zone 8.
Ligustrum japonicum 'Aureum'
Shared with us by Pat McCracken, this 5 ft, compact shrub produces the same waxy, shiny leaves as the species but they are of a rich, warm golden. In full sun the tips bleach, giving it a two-tone effect; in more shade the protected branches maintain a spring-green tone. Clusters of creamy white flowers attract bees in spring. Provide even summer moisture. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7. A fine pot plant.
Ligustrum japonicum 'Ko Ryu'japanese privet
New and unusual evergreen shrub, a Japanese selection, with shiny, dark green leaves that are narrow, curved, and slightly twisted with a ridge along the midrib, creating a striking and irregular texture. Becomes graceful with age as, eventually, a handsome, small tree for sun to part shade with regular summer water. A good container plant. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Ligustrum japonicum 'Rotundifolium'curlyleaf privet
Evergreen shrub that grows quickly to a dense 4-6 feet tall x about half as wide, with smooth and shiny, dark leaves, somewhat curled with margins occasionally showing a bit of red. White flowers are scented in pyramidal panicles in spring. A very useful shrub for sun or part shade, well-drained soil, and regular summer water. Easily pruned to shape. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Ligustrum sinense 'Sunshine' pp 20,379
Discovered in 2003 by plantsman Pat McCracken as a branch mutation on a variegated form of Ligustrum sinense, this new mutation was exceptional for its very dense, compact growth habit, to 4-7 ft tall x 4-6 ft wide but easily kept smaller, and its brilliant golden foliage that looks its best in full sun without burning. A sterile plant and evergreen, these make a wonderful small hedge, easily pruned to size, or a mounding shrub standing as a bright spot in the garden with average summer water. Evergreen and frost hardy in USDA zones 8 and 9; root hardy and semi-evergreen to 0F, zone 7.
Liquidambar styraciflua 'Festival'
Large, deciduous tree, growing easily to 60 ft tall x 40 ft wide with a pyramidal structure when young, maturing to a rounded form. Aromatic eaves are maple-like and large, dark and somewhat glossy green in summer and brilliantly colored in shades of red, orange and burgundy in the fall. Flowers, yellow, small, and insignificant, produce small, spiny seed capsules. Best in full sun to light shade where soil is moist and not too acidic. Root system is fairly shallow. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Liriope muscari 'Pee Dee Gold Ingot'golden lily turf
This golden-foliaged monkey grass, from the highlands of Kentucky, can take a bit of shade and still flower just like the regular green one, producing purple clusters in midsummer, a great contrast with the chartreuse foliage. Accepts half sun to full shade, growing to 12” or so. Useful as edging or in a container. Be the first on the block with this stunner. Frost hardy to USDA zone 6.
Lithocarpus densiflorus var. echinoidesdwarf tan oak
This dwarf tanbark oak, found growing on serpentine soils in the Siskiyou Mountains of southwest Oregon into California is a prize for rock gardeners and non-rock gardeners alike. Blue Leave and new growth with golden indumentum. Yum! To only 3-5 feet at maturity and that fairly slowly. Full to part sun, lean and well-drained soil, with no summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7, possibly into zone 6.
Lithocarpus densiflorus var. echinoides SBH 7413tanoak
Another in our collection of this favorite West Coast native shrub and very diminutive form of the tan oak. In this form, the leaves, to 2" long, are the most intense light blue of any found in this collection from the Oregon Mountain, their undersides nearly white and new growth a blue-tinted-pink and furry. Otherwise, like others of these Siskiyou Mountains endemics, growing only to 3-4 ft in height, forming dense rounded shrubs. The flowers look like those of a chestnut with branched, cream-colored inflorescences and golden brown “acorns.” Tough, native mostly to serpentine soil regions, they seem at home anywhere on the West Coast with lean soil and away from summer garden water. Not a plant for humid summer climates. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Lobelia 'Queen Victoria'
Shocking red flowers in profusion adorn this red-bronze foliaged Lobelia. Blooms all summer; a hummingbird's delight. To 3-5 ft tall spreading slowly to form a clump up to 2 ft wide. Likes to be kept reasonably damp but in well-drained soil. Full sun for best color. A die-back perennial, returning in the spring. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Lomatia fraseri - cl. 1 [Spinner’s Nursery]
Upright large shrub to small tree given to us by Kevin Hughes while at Spinner's Nursery in the United Kingdom. To up to 25 ft tall and 12 ft wide over time, with long, lance-shaped leaves, green above and pale on the undersides, and toothed on the margins. Summer flowers, white and honey-scented, are produced in frilly clusters followed by small, winged fruit. Native to mountainous regions of Victoria and New South Wales in Australia, these plants enjoy light shade to full shade with good drainage and plentiful summer water. Sadly not for the humid Southeast. Frost hardy in lower USDA zone 8.
Lomatia myricoides - narrow leaf form
From Australia, a handsome, evergreen multi-stemmed shrub or small tree to 8-10 ft . The abundant leaves are long and, in this form, yellow-green and especially narrow with edges that are widely toothed creating an interesting texture. Blooms in summer, the clusters of fragrant, white flowers nestled in the leaves. Sun to part shade is best in well-drained soil with summer water. Avoid fertilizer as with all proteas. Frost hardy and undamaged in USDA zone 8, showing some leaf damage in upper USDA zone 7.
Lomatium grayi SBH
gray's biscuit root
A perennial herb native to the American west, our collection from the Columbia River George has feathery leaves, both bluish green and aromatic when crushed, emerging from a succulent root stock in autumn and topped by an umbrel of cheerful yellow flowers in late winter and spring. Summer dormant and an easy garden plant provided decent garden drainage and good sun. Frost hardy to really, really cold -- e.g. USDA zone 4 or below.
Lonicera confusasoft leaved honeysuckle
Vining honeysuckle, to 25 ft, with gray-green foliage that is softer than the more commonly grown L. japonica. Flowers appear in spring with some fall rebloom, opening to white curled petals that fade to yellow. Fragrant, of course and a lovely texture. Sun where temperatures are cool and light shade in hottest climates. Requires regular summer water. Evergreen or semi-deciduous, depending on winter cold. Frost hardy to 15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Lonicera japonica 'Gold Nancy'
A Cistus introduction. This golden sport, occurring in our own garden, has retained all the vigorous characteristics of L. japonica without the propensities for leaf loss of L. japonica 'Aureoreticulata'. Reaching to 6 or 8 ft with uniform, warm golden leaves on orange-red stems and the typical, yellow-cream flowers. This has been a beautiful addition to the honeysuckle world. For nearly full sun to dappled shade, the leaves appearing more towards chartreuse in shady conditions. Occasional summer water is desired. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6 at least. Named for Nancy Goldman, Portland plantswoman and lover of all things shiny or golden.
Lonicera japonica 'Halliana'
for a fragrant honeysuckle vine? This lonicera exudes a heady floral scent in the warm evening air, wafting out from palest-yellow flowers beginning in late spring and repeating on and off. Attracts butterflies, birds, and yes, humans too. Sun to part sun with a trellis or other support. To 15-30 ft tall and prunable. Evergreen to semi-evergreen. Easy and tolerant of neglect once established, though best with summer water. Frost hardy to USDA zone 4.
Very useful evergreen shrub with small, roundish leaves, glossy and dark green, on densely branched structures. To 4-5 ft tall and wide and easily pruned or sheared as a finely textured hedge. Grown primarily for the foliage but occasionally produces small, white flowers in spring that become black berries. For sun to part shade in well-drained soil. Prefers summer moisture but, tolerates some summer drought in shady sites. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Lonicera nitida 'Briloni'briloni box-leaf honeysuckle
Golden leaved honeysuckle shrub for the shaded garden. Blooms sparsely in spring, the small white flowers followed by small, bluish fruits. Slow growing, to only 3-4 ft tall and wide over time and smaller than other golden forms, with arching branches that add texture and bright golden accents. Tolerates sun but tends towards a more chartreuse color. Enjoys summer water but tolerates some drought once established. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Lonicera nitida 'Lemon Beauty'lemon beauty box-leaf honeysuckle
If you are going to commit a horticultural faux pas, you might as well do it with this. Evergreen shrub, to 4-6 ft with tiny green leaves edged yellow, remaining so in a bit of shade; variegation becomes less distinct, more overall yellow, in brightest light. ‘Lemon Beauty’ makes a very nice low hedge. As a single plant, it shines. Sun to part shade with normal water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Lonicera nitida 'Red Tips'
A new cultivar of this very useful, small-leaved, evergreen shrub with red new growth that matures to dark green with hints of red. Seems to top out at about 4 ft or so. Useful as formal or informal hedge, accent, or foundation plant. Full to part sun with regular summer water for best appearance. Easily pruned to shape. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Lonicera nitida 'Twiggy' dwarf box honeysuckle
Sweet version of a classic, landscape plant with tiny golden leaves that hold their color well. Smaller than the species, growing slowly to 2 ft tall and wide, dense and, indeed, twiggy, these are excellent as hedging, border plants, or single specimens creating a bright spot in sun to part shade with average summer water. A New Zealand introduction, evergreen to 10F, USDA zone 8, and cold hardy to -20F, zone 6.
Lonicera periclymenum 'Serotina'
A fine, rather small, vining honeysuckle with rounded, eucalyptus-like leaves, tinted blue-purple and remaining mostly evergreen in warmer climates, and flame-like, orangey flowers aging toward cream before falling. An easy-doer and wonderful planted with other vines with deep purple flowers such as cultivars of Clematis montana. Drought tolerant though at its best with some summer water. Light shade to full sun. Any drainage. USDA zone 5.
Lonicera standishii 'Platt Garden Form'
This robust selection of the deciduous, 6-8 ft shrub was introduced by the late and great gardener, Jane Platt. It’s most outstanding feature is the white, 1” trumpets that begin opening as early as November, most often in December, lasting through April in great fragrant abundance. That said, a plant for the background but within 15 ft of the front door. We prune ours back slowly over the winter by harvesting the small, upright branches from those larger arching ones, for continuous winter bouquets. Sun to part shade. Drought tolerant, though some summer water in dry climates helps bud formation. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Lophomyrtus x ralphii 'Sundae'
Lovely evergreen shrub from New Zealand, to 8-12 ft tall x 4-8 ft wide, the foliage rounded and puckered with creamy margins, adding shades of maroon in winter. Small, sweetly fragrant, white flowers appear in summer. Best in bright light with good drainage and regular summer moisture. Frost hardy to 15F, upper USDA zone 8.
Loropetalum chinense 'Akebono'
Lovely Chinese witch hazel, shared with us by Nurseries Carolinianas, this with intense cherry red flowers in late winter to early summer and sporadically throughout the year. Lovely evergreen shrub, medium sized to 4-6 ft tall and wide, with burgundy leaves -- darker in more sun. Great garden accent. Full sun to bright shade with consistent summer water. Overhead protection provides an extra cushion against winter cold. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Loropetalum chinense 'Snow Dance'
Hassle free and easy witch-hazel relative, this one with white flowers and green leaves and a bit more frost hardy than its purple-leaved cousins. Evergreen and developing into a large shrub or small tree, to 6-8 ft if left on its own, but easily pruned to any size. New leaves emerge with red-maroon tips fading to lime. In spring, white, fringe-like flowers cover the foliage. Rich soil in full to part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
From a delightful South American genus of myrtaceous shrubs and small trees, this one reaching 8-12 ft with shiny round leaves, honey scented white flowers and reddish to purplish to black fruit often used in preserves and eating out of hand. One of the most striking features is the white, cream, and pink patterns that develops on the trunks as plants age. Often found growing nearly in small creeks but able as well to withstand drought. This form was collected in southern Chile and should be among the hardier of the group withstanding low teens F, mid USDA zone 8, with no damage. Where temperatures are likely to fall lower, place out of wind or possibly consider moving to a better climate.
Small tree to 20 ft or so that is undergoing a change from its recent name - Myrtus chequen. A native of Chile, ours was found near Vilches. Leaves are evergreen and slightly fragrant when brushed, lovely with the white, mid-summer flowers and again when the small purplish fruit appears in the fall -- and is, in fact, edible though, reported to tedious to prepare. A nice small-textured tree for sun, good drainage and regular summer water. Frost hardy to at least to the mid teens F, mid USDA zone 8.
Lyonothamnus floribundus var. aspleniifoliuscatalina ironwood
Lacy, evergreen foliage and cool, honey-brown peeling bark set this California native apart. A large shrub or small tree, to 15 ft, it has large, Sorbus-like, white flower clusters. Best in full sun, with little summer water.
Lysimachia paridiformis var. stenophylla DJHC 704
Dan Hinkley's collection from China's Emei Shan from whence have come so many exciting plants, this is a striking, evergreen perennial with dense clusters of golden-yellow flowers all summer long atop stems to 10" tall or more. Forms well-behaved clumps of whorled foliage, the leaves dark green and shiny with hints of bronze, in sun or part shade where soil is well-drained and some summer water is provided. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Magnolia figo 'Port Wine'banana shrub
This lovely evergreen, now included in the genus magnolia, grows to 6-10 ft, with shiny, slightly leathery leaves. Needs a warm, protected spot for producing the best flowers, those delicious creations of cream inner petals and and outer petals colored a dusky port-wine -- all with an intense strawberry banana bubble gum fragrance. Sun and well-drained soil with some supplemental water in summer. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Magnolia figo var. skinneriana
Handsome evergreen tree, once in the genus Michelia and now classified with Magnolias. To 15-30 ft, with fragrant, creamy flowers in early summer. Thrives in sun to part shade with consistent moisture. Has proved to be one of the hardiest to cold of the michelia grouping within the Magnolias, accepting USDA zone 7.
Magnolia grandiflora 'D.D. Blanchard'
Evergreen magnolia with wonderfully dark green leaves, shiny above and rust colored below, and cup-shaped white flowers in early summer. A medium sized tree, to 50 ft tall, more over time, and 25-35 ft wide, with an open-branched shape. A perfect garden specimen. Prefers full sun to part shade with regular summer water to establish. Tolerates some drought after a few years. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Magnolia grandiflora 'Jubilee'
Medium sized evergreen magnolia, with leaves typical of the species -- dark and shiny above with orange, fuzzy undersides -- and long-lasting flowers typically cup-shaped but especially large and fragrant. Medium tree, to 20-40 ft tall x 15-30 ft wide, flowering in mid-summer. Tolerates full sun to part shade and little summer water once established. A striking focal point or street tree. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Exceptionally frost hardy, evergreen magnolia with handsome,shiny green, leathery leaves on a small to medium tree, to 25-30 ft tall over time, blooming at an early age with late spring, chalice-shaped flowers appearing in every leaf axil -- in this form reddish pink and white -- highly fragrant as well. Prefers rich, well-drained, acidic soil and regular summer water in full sun to part shade out of east winds. Spring applications of iron keep the foliage bright and green. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Magnolia laevifolia - large form
Received as Michelia crassipes, this is clearly a steroidal form of the very lovely Magnolia laevifolia, larger in all its parts -- to 20 -30 ft tall x 10-15 ft wide with 4” leaves, the undersides clothed in coppery indumentum as are the stems and flowers buds, and abundant, sweetly fragrant white flowers in late winter and spring and often again in autumn. Successful and happy in full sun to part shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy to at least 10F, USDA zone 8. (As mentioned elsewhere, originally named Michelia yunnanensis, then Magnolia dianica, and finally, we hope, M. laevifolia.)
Magnolia laevifolia 'Free Spirit'
New for 2013. A most lovely small evergreen, a spreading to strongly weeping form of M. laevifolia with satiny copper colored indumentum on the leaves stems and flower buds. Very fragrant white flowers appear from early to late spring and occasionally again in autumn. To 3-4 ft tall and particularly useful planted atop walls, slopes or in containers. Best in sun to part shade with regular summer. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Magnolia laevifolia 'Velvet & Cream'
A wonderful cultivar of the always lovely Magnolia laevifolia, this developed in New Zealand, selected for its large (for the species), fragrant white flowers in abundance in early spring and often again in fall. A sturdy shrub, to 8 ft tall or so, easily trimmed, with somewhat weeping branches with 3" leaves covered in copper indumentum. Flowers buds that begin to develop in autumn are covered in coppery indumentum as well. Best in sun to half shade with consistent summer water. Frost hardy into the single digits F, upper USDA zone 7. Recently M. dianica, previously Michelia yunnanensis.
Little known evergreen magnolia with little history in this country, perfect for those who love to experiment with these rewarding plants. What little information there is has been generously supplied by Dick Figlar, expert in all things magnolia. Once known as Michelia velutina, and still considered a member of the michelia group in the genus magnolia, these trees have narrow, strap-like leaves, to 4-7" long x 2-3" wide, pale matte green on top and paler on the underside. Autumn flowers are creamy white and scented cinnamon vanilla. Though frost hardiness is unknown these are suspected to be somewhat warm-blooded, USDA zone 9ish. Experiment and let us know.
Magnolia macrophylla var. ashei
A rare species from the southern Appalachians where so much diversity found refuge during the last ice age. Medium growing to 15-20 ft in the garden with apple-green leaves with striking reflective silver undersides. Light yellow flowers in spring and early summer -- it is really the leaves that turn us on....Even summer moisture with afternoon shade in hot dry climates. Hardy to well below 0ºF or into USDA zone 6.
Magnolia maudiaesmiling forest monkey tree
Also known as the "smiling forest lily tree", this is one of the best magnolias to arrive from China, though still not easily available. A member of the michelia group which includes some of the most floriferous of the evergreen magnolias, M. maudiae shows off an abundance of large, white, lemon-scented flowers in early spring, and from an early age -- a perfect contrast to the large, blue-green leaves that remain handsome all year long. Fast-growing, reaching 15-20 ft tall x a somewhat narrow 8-10 ft wide in 10 or so years. A stunning and rewarding tree for sun to part shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7.
Magnolia stellata 'Royal Star'
royal star magnolia
Star magnolias are a frequent sight in early spring with their showy and fragrant white flowers; 'Royal Star' is a popular cultivar with even larger and showier flowers and a slightly later bloom time that helps avoid frost damage to early blooms. A small deciduous tree, slow growing to 10-15 ft x 8-10 ft, these are best in rich, well-drained soil, with regular summer water and dislike extreme conditions, e.g., too dry or too wet. Perfect for a specimen tree or an informal hedge. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4.
Magnolia tamaulipana 'Bronze Sentinel'
Fabulous early 90s discovery in the cloud forest of the Sierra Madre Oriental by the Yucca Do boys, this bold textured evergreen, to 30-40 ft x a relatively narrow 10 ft or so,-has green leaves with bronze tones that turn bronze-purple in cooler weather. White flowers appear in spring and early summer. For sun to part shade with summer moisture. Cold hardy to between 0 and 10F, USDA zone 7, possibly slightly colder.
Magnolia virginiana 'Jim Wilson' [Moonglow]
New release of Virginia Sweetbay. Very upright growth on this vigourous evergreen, dark foliaged selection. Masses of pure white flowers in April and May. Eventually to 30 ft; less as a street tree. Full sun, normal water.
Gorgeous and rare deciduous magnolia, a large shrub or small tree, to about 15 ft in 10 years, with silken leaves,,,,,, against dark twigs and bark. Late spring flowers are white and nodding with red staminodes in the center -- very showy. Best in partial or dappled shade with regular summer water in well-drained and rich soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
This Chinese mahonia is elegant in its simplicity. Unbranched stems rise 3 to 4 feet with fern-like compound leaves, the leaflets narrow and green above, more yellow below. Clusters of lemony yellow flowers appear in late fall followed by purple black berries. Spreads slowly. Thrives in shade or sun, prefering more sun in colder climates, and prone to mildew in Pacific Northwest shade. Supplemental summer water in dry areas. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8; root hardy in zone 7 with protection.
Mahonia fortunei 'Curlyque'
A Cistus introduction. A seedling of a very useful Asian "Oregon" grape with an upright form to 4 ft occasionally to 6 ft . Habitually flowering in fall, earlier than other Asian species, and having smaller rosettes of leaves. This “brand” has particularly long, narrow, graceful leaves, slightly twisted to form a most attractive pattern and texture. Full sun to dappled shade with summer water in dry climates. Mildew can occur on plants in shade that is too dense. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 7 to low zone 8.
Peek at the brilliant white leaf undersides and fall in love. This rare, Chinese evergreen mahonia, introduced into western horticulture in 1980 by Roy Lancaster, has graceful, blue-green, compound leaves with surprising white undersides, and, in summer, sprays of pretty, delicate flowers with purple-red petals and ivory interiors. Sturdy and choice. Native to shady limestone cliffs, though it’s quite happy in garden conditions in full sun with moist soil to nearly full shade. Can reach about 6 ft high x 5 ft wide eventually. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
An old-fashioned but often difficult to find component of western and southern gardens from eastern Asia, the 10 ft graceful stalks produce 18" leaves with multiple leaflets of a blueish green and winter flowers of a fragrant bright yellow, usually at peak around New Year's Day. It's one of the parents of many of the media hybrids. Can be used to great effect in woodlands gardens and for tropical effect. Useful if placed where winter viewing is possible. A great complement to such plants as Edgeworthia crysantha; as the Mahonia fades the Edgeworthia is just coming one. USDA zone 8; damaged in the low teens F but recovers into uppermost USDA zone 7. Give supplemental water in dry summer climates.
Mahonia pinnata 'Ken Hartmann'
A tough shrubby mahonia with twisty and crinkly leaves, having new growth that emerges in shades of reds and oranges. In spring, lovely yellow flowers are a beacon to hummingbirds. Flowers are followed by attractive blue fruit. Best in part sun to shade. Drought tolerant once established. 5ft tall by 6ft wide. Frost hardy to the bottom of USDA zone 7, perhaps into USDA zone 6.
Mahonia pinnata ssp. insularis 'Shnilemoon'
From the channel islands off southern California, this form named by the fabulous University of California Santa Cruz Arboretum. Makes a rounded shrub of upright branches with multiply-pinnate leaves, nearly round and the brightest spring green, held on very pretty, rather gracile, deep brown stems. All this adorned with cheery yellow flowers in late winter and spring and blue berries beyond. This is one of the most unique forms of a species native from southern Oregon to Baja. Prefers Mediterranean conditions....sorry Florida. Frost hardy to mid USDA zone 8. Tolerant and pleased with long periods of summer drought in either sun or shade.
Mahonia x media 'Charity'
A candelabra of sizzling yellow flowers in winter is a very welcome sight on this handsome mahonia, a tall and vigorous evergreen plant that is quite architectural, flashy and easy to grow too. Fairly columnar and multi-stemmed, to 10 ft tall x 5 ft wide, these are best planted away from paths where their prickly foliage may be experienced too closely. Full to part sun with some summer water, though somewhat drought tolerant when established. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Mahonia x media 'Underway'
Tall, 8-15 ft, Oregon grape, a wonderful addition to dappled shade, deep shade, or the understory. Of the many cultivars of this cross between M. japonica and M. lomariifolia, ‘Underway’ is distinguished by sweetly fragrant, bright yellow flowers early in spring and a bushier habit than it’s near relatives. Birds love the blue berries. Drought tolerant and hardy below 0F.
Mahonia x media 'Winter Sun'
Tall, striking evergreen, to 15 ft x 12 ft but easily kept smaller. Leaves are dark green, radiating from the stem in whorls. Late fall, early winter yellow flowers are abundant in upstanding inflorescens, more fragrant than close relatives. By fall, there are black berries. Drought tolerant once established but should be watered for a season or two. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Malus sp. - Taiwan
Collected some time ago from the highlands of Taiwan by plantsman Philip McDougal, this small, 15 ft tree has been quite striking in our garden with its flattened top and deeply dissected leaves that begin turning saturated tones of orange and red in late December, usually holding through winter. Our plant has not yet flowered or fruited for us so stay tuned for more information. Full sun for best color and occasional summer water where dry. From our experience, frost hardy in USDA zone 8a.
Manfreda 'Macho Mocha'
Possibly a hybrid between Manfreda jaliscana and Agave scabra, this nearly 2 ft plant, from the semi-desert canyons just over the mountains from Monterey, Mexico, boasts deep purple leaves with, indeed, coffee-colored polka dots over the entire plant. For sun, good drainage, and average summer water. Evergreen to 20F and root hardy into the low teens, USDA zone 8.
A Cistus introduction from one of our hybrids between Agave virginica and A. maculosa -- both now changed to Manfreda. Forms stunning rosettes to about 18", with blue-green leaves endearingly adorned with purple spots. Though tolerant of some drought prefers a medium to moist situation. Light shade to full sun. Deciduous at 25F (don't worry, it's supposed to do that.) Cold hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5 or below, if placed in well-drained soil.
Manfreda undulata 'Chocolate Chip'
Brand new and rare cultivar with striking leaves, long and narrow with wavy edges and very densely spotted with ... well, chocolate chips. This form of a Mexican native, selected by Yucca Do Nursery, is small, to 4" tall x 15" wide with leaves about 12" long, and offsets very slowly. Prefers good drainage, protection from the afternoon sun in the hottest places, and occasional summer water. Root hardy in USDA zone 8.
Maytenus boaria 'Green Showers'mayten
Evergreen tree, to 30 ft tall and wide over time, with a weeping habit and bright green, dense foliage, the leaves finely toothed. Flowers are small but fragrant, green and star-shaped in summer, and followed by a few red berries in this femal form. Grows fastest in good garden loam, up to two feet per year. Should be watered deeply every two weeks to encourage deep roots and discourage suckering. Best without mulch. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Tiny leaves on upright branches all year with mauve-purple pompom flowers in spring and early summer! Evergreen, compact shrub to 3 x 3 ft for sun to part shade. This one is frost hardy in the Pacific Northwest and USDA zone 8 in general. Nice texture and fancy flowers!
Melianthus major - Ginny Hunthoney bush
Bold foliage perennial for the border, this form from the garden of plantswoman Ginny Hunt, with feathery and toothed, blue-green leaves and huge combs of maroon flowers dripping nectar in summer. Honey bush indeed. T o 6 ft tall and wide, possibly taller. May be deciduous in a rough winter, but comes back. Best in sun and well-drained soil with occasional summer moisture. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Melicytus crassifolius UCSC 2007.19
A sculptural shrub in the viola family (believe it or not!) from New Zealand. To 3 ft tall or so with small, glossy green leaves on fine-tipped divaricating branches, each stem adorned in sumer with white-pale lavender flowers followed by translucent berries. Good as an architectual specimen, in containers, or planted rock gardens. Enjoys consistent summer water and bright light. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Mentha x piperita f. citrata 'Chocolate'
Herbaceous perennial commonly grown as a a culinary herb or groundcover in full sun to part shade. To 2' x 2' or wider. Leaves have a unique chocolate mint fragrance and taste and are commonly used in desserts. Forms an attractive, spreading groundcover by rhizomes. Purple flower spikes emerge in late summer and are highly showy and attract to a variety of butterflies. USDA zone 5.
Metapanax delavayidelavay false ginseng
A truly elegant, evergreen aralia relative from Southern China, a shrub to 8-10 ft tall and wide, with finely cut, compound leaves and, in maturity, clusters of white flowers in late summer turning to black berries, winter food for the birds. Best in dappled sun to partial shade in rich, moist soil. Our clone, from the University of Washington Arboretum in Seattle, is frost hardy and undamaged in upper USDA zone 7 and possibly lower. (Synonym: Nothopanax delavayi)
Metapanax delavayi 'Stout'stout delavay false ginseng
A Cistus introduction. Selected from our seed grown plants, this clone of an already desirable evergreen aralia relative, has rather thickened compound leaves, more schefflera-like than its brethren. A graceful shrub or small tree, these have a sturdy form, maintaining an upright stance. Mature plants produce late summer clusters of white flowers that become black berries providing winter food for the birds. Dappled sun to part shade and rich, moist soil are best. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 7 and possibly lower. (The species, until recently, was Nothopanax delavayi.)
Metrosideros kermadecensis 'Variegata'
Evergreen shrub to small tree, to 4-6 ft tall, with variegated foliage, shiny green with cream especially on the leaf edges. Brilliant red, brush-like flowers are gorgeous in late spring to mid summer. Prefers full, hot sun and accepts both consistent moisture and periods of drought once established. Does well in windy, coastal conditions. Tolerates only light frost in USDA zone 9 so, where winter frosts are usual, best in a container that spends its winters indoors.
Milium effusum 'Aureum'
Bright, grassy foliage for a shady, moist spot, emerges bright yellow in spring and ages to cheerful chartreuse. To about 1 ft high x 1 ft wide in the shady garden, they need regular summer summer water in rich soil. Frost hardy to -25F, mid USDA zone 5.
Mimulus 'Trish'rose sticky monkey flower
Another of the fabulous, evergreen mimulus, known affectionately as sticky monkey flower for their sticky green leaves, and prized for the brightly colored flowers, dusky rose in this cultivar, on small shrubs, to 1-2 ft tall x 2-3 ft wide. Best in sun to part shade where drainage is good and summer water is provided sparingly or not at all. Plants flower in spring and go dormant in summer, the perfect time prune back and refresh. Frost hardy to the mid teens F, mid-USDA zone 8.
Phrymaceae / Scrophulariaceae
Mimulus aurantiacus 'Jeff's Tangerine'
Of all the West Coast natives, the shrubby monkey flowers have some of the most to offer. Evergreen, to about 4 ft or more in the wild, with flowers ranging from butter yellow to oranges to even deep pink. Mimulus a. 'Jeff's Tangerine' came as a seedling in our friend Jeff Rooney's garden. The flowers are a pleasing, yes, tangerine color, with an orange throat and a little creamy yellow around the margins. In years of light frost it has flowered year round, though in the winter cold spell of 2004, temperatures in the low 20s F knocked the flowers off but did little to thwart its luxurious growth. Able to withstand summer drought, it will happily go dormant until fall rains begin. Also tolerant of reasonable garden water if soil is well drained and light is bright, flowering year-round in mid USDA zone 8 or above. Otherwise a fine pot specimen or seasonal addition to containers.
Phrymaceae / Scrophulariaceae
Mimulus naiandunus 'Purple Monkey'
From our ongoing seed selections, this particularly large form with cream and warm purple flowers (and long blooming at that) grows to about 6 inches in height and seems to spread indefinitely given a damp situation and bright light. We have been enamored of this plant's lasting performance in the garden, this year barely skipping a beat during the coldest of winter, though most years we can expect dormancy to a resting rosette from late autumn to early spring. Undemanding. Zone 8
Miscanthus sinensis 'Morning Light'
A reasonably well behaved Miscanthus with narrow foliage that is finely variegated with white on the margins, the overall appearance becoming silvery. Excellent backlit by morning (or evening) sun. Slow growing, eventually forming clumps to 4-6 ft tall in bright light, full to part sun, with coppery red flowers in September, appearing above the foliage and turning to long-lasting white plumes with seeds. Prefers moist soil and regular summer water. Frost hardy to -20, USDA zone 5.
Mitraria coccinea - David Mason’s Robustchilean mitre flower
South American gesneriad, an evergreen, scrambling shrub or small, interwoven mound with small, dark green leaves and flaming orange-red tubular flowers from late May-July. Requires protection from wind and moist, well-drained soil, rich in humus, in bright light or part shade where roots can remain cool. Easy in USDA zone 9 and tolerates temperatures to 10F, zone 8, in the best locations. Otherwise good in containers with winter protection.
hardy fiber banana
One of the boldest plants we sell. After 3 years, 20 foot stems with 10 foot long leaves and drooping branches of huge yellow flowers followed by real (insipid) bananas. Full to part sun, serious irrigation and heavy fertilizer. Plant 6" deeper than soil in can. Cold hardy in USDA zone 7a. Wow.
Musella lasiocarpagolden lotus banana
This banana relative is more shrub-like than its kin, with sprays of 3-6 ft tall stalks of gray-green foliage until frost. Once its feels established, a bright yellow flower the size of a softball will appear and remain all summer long, sometimes producing tiny little bananas. Flowering shoots die back to be replaced with new, vigorous stems. Best in sun to part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
A Cistus introduction, a hybrid, between Myrtus communis ‘Compacta’ and M. communis ‘Anne McDonald’, showing compact growth, to only about 20” tall, with attractive, red-tinted stems and densely held leaves, also red-tinted on the undersides. Most useful for small hedges, specimens or topiary. Drought tolerant and free flowering in mid to late spring with white, 1/2 “ flowers. Prefers well-drained, lean soil in full sun. Frost hardy in sun to about 15F, mid USDA zone 8.
Myrtus communis 'Ann McDonald'
Long having had an interest in this classic, I was delighted to see a large shrub of 8 ft in the wonderful and historic garden of Ann McDonald in Portland, this having been planted some 30 years ago or more and selected for its 1” leaves and large, 1/3” blue-black fruit produced from an exceedingly heavy flowering. Full sun to dappled shade in lean soil with little summer water. This garden provenance has produced a plant able to withstand between 10 to12F – bottom of USDA zone 8 -- with little appreciable damage.
Myrtus communis 'Compacta'
Our favorite form of the common myrtle. Particularly compact, to under 2 ft, with densely held, deep green leaves flowering abundantly in mid-spring with white, 1” flowers followed by deep black-blue berries. Full sun, well drained soil. Good miniature hedging plant. Frost hardy to 10F or so, USDA zone 8. Shared with us by plantsman Nevin Smith.
Nandina domestica 'Gulf Stream'
compact heavenly bamboo
A perfect heavenly bamboo, compact and dense to only 3 ft tall and wide with fabulous multi-colored foliage, emerging orangey bronze. maturing to blue-green with gold and red highlights, and finally, showing off winter colors of orange and red. Yum! Best in full sun but accepts shade though leaf color is less vivid. Prefers summer water but tolerates some drought. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Nandina domestica var. leucocarpa
white fruited heavenly bamboo
Not only is this heavenly bamboo a paler green than others, its berries are a ghostly white to banana yellow. VERY cool. Use as you would other nandinas but perhaps provide a bit of shade to protect the leaves from burn. An excellent evergreen, to 6 ft tall x 4 ft wide in ten years. Drought tolerant in shade, once established but accepts summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Nepeta x faassenii 'Walker's Low'
Easy, tough, and durable perennial that doubles as “catnip” for your feline friends with soft, furry foliage and abundant spikes of blue-purple flowers all summer long. Low-growing in clumps, eventually up to 2 ft tall and 3 ft wide but easily trimmed to smaller size. Sun to part shade in well-drained soil; tolerates drought once established. Excellent choice near sidewalks and on walls or that difficult parking strip. Frost hardy to upper USDA zone 5.
Beautiful and rare amaryllis relative from a small area of South Africa's Eastern Cape Province. A summer growing species of this varied genus and one of the more delicate, with thin, threadlike leaves and, in late summer/early autumn, fancy pink flowers, very frilly with long stamens, several to a 6-12" stem. Very exotic. Sun to light shade in soil that drains well where they can receive moderate water from spring to late autumn and remain a bit dryer in winter. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Nerium oleander 'Hardy Pink'
Hardiest of the oleander clones in cultivation with bright pink flowers on an evergreen shrub reaching to 4-6 ft tall. Loves full, blasty sun with little to no supplemental summer water once established. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 and, though the leaves can burn around 14F, mid USDA zone 8, these have resprouted from brief spells in the low, single digits F, zone 7.
Nerium oleander 'Sister Agnes'
Fast-growing evergreen shrub with simple white flowers and narrow, leathery, semi-glossy leaves. Olenaders in general like hot, dry summers and mild winters (Mediterranean) and this one is no exception. A vigorous cultivar, 'Sister Agnes' can grow to 15-20' or taller in full sun, but is often pruned to 8-10' tall and 6' wide in gardens to keep an attractive, rounded appearance. Will also make an attractive screen, if kept sheared. Will do well in rich or poor soil, as long as it is well-drained. Zone 8a.
Nolina 'La Siberica' [D07-64]
A Cistus introduction. Selected from seed collected at 8000 ft, in La Siberica, Mexico, this handsome plant, a symmetrical fountain of long, graceful, flowing leaves, eventually develops a trunk up to 6 ft tall. Definitely attracts attention in the Cistus garden. Enjoys full sun and requires very little summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Nolina microcarpasacahuista, sawgrass, beargrass
Smallish clumping sotol. Three foot long narrow leaves form a dense evergreen mound. White flowers held well above foliage in summer. Full sun, a little summer water. Good drainage.
Nolina texanatexas sacahuista
A bigger, bolder version of the somewhat more common and varied N. microcarpa. This Texas native grows to a bold textured 5 ft with deep green arching leaves and creamy white flower spikes rising to 8 ft or more in spring and summer. Exceedingly drought tolerant but a little summer water would increase its growth rate. Sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy to about 0F, USDA zone 7, or even a little below.
A lovely and vigorous form of the deciduous swamp tupelo, this chinese species grows taller, to 40 ft or more and half as wide, with apical dominance (uprighteousness...) maintained much more easily than our native North American species. Sun to dappled shade. Best with summer water but tolerates some drought. Also sits happily in winter water. Fall colors are vibrant red to deep oranges to gold. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Olea europaea 'Mission'
Long planted in North America, a reliable plant with an overall handsome habit. To 15-20 ft, though untended specimens have reached 40 ft, with 2" silvery leaves and deep black fruit ripening late. Sun in well-drained soil. Supplemental water to establish; withhold in late summer to harden. Has remained hardy to 10ºF, USDA zone 8 if fully ripened.
One of the most graceful of the New Zealand daisy bushes with small, brush-like flowers, but, more importantly, closely held, rice-grain sized, silver leaves and upright branches making a compact vision of silver. Very good specimen for containers or an area of the garden where reflected light might add beauty as the undersides of the leaves are even lighter than the surface. Able to withstand some summer drought but supplemental water where dry keeps it thick and healthy. Not a plant for the desert or for extended sticky summer nights. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Olearia macrodonta UCSC 1991.585
new zealand holly
Evergreen, shrubby daisy from New Zealand, to 10 ft tall x 5 ft wide, a charming, holly-wanna-be, with long, serrated leaves and clusters of fragrant, white, daisy-like flowers in summer. On mature plants, the bark peels in graceful strips. A rapid grower that tolerates hard pruning. Full sun and well-drained soil is best with average summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Olearia paniculatadaisy bush
This medium-sized, New Zealand shrub, multi-trunked to 8-10 ft tall, thrives in full to half sun with regular summer water producing white, fragrant, daisy flowers in autumn. Frankly, the evergreen foliage is so great -- the leathery, yellow-green leaves having white undersides and wavy margins -- who cares if it flowers? Makes a dense and useful hedge. Needs well-drained soil and summer water in sun to part shade. Somewhat more tender than its relatives; frost hardy in mid USDA zone 8.
Olearia x haastii
This stiff leaved New Zealand ‘daisy on a stick’ is a handsome addition to your sunny border. A shrub to 4 ft tall x 4 ft wide, easily pruned, with fragrant, long-lasting, white flowers in summer and excellent evergreen leaves. Tolerates coastal conditions and summer drought, though accepts regular water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
narrow-leaved monkey grass
A much more gracile form of monkey grass with green, grassy foliage up to 10” tall. This slowly spreading, Chinese evergreen is perfect for a shady nook. White flowers blushed pink and metallic royal blue berries. Very striking. Prefers regular summer water, but surprisingly drought tolerant as well. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
white dragon lilyturf
Lovely, variegated lilyturf, a Japanese native with white-striped, green leaves adding texture to the garden as a ground cover or specimen. Leaves can be as long as 2 ft forming clumps to 1 ft in diameters and spreading by underground rhizomes. Later summer flowers add color with clusters of purple-blue flowers on 6" stems. Full to part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Ophiopogon japonicus 'Silver Comet'snake beard
Cheerful, evergreen mondo grass with tallish, grassy leaves, to 8" tall or so, green with fine white stripes. Summer flowers are white, echoing the variegation, and followed by blue berries. Spreads slowly by underground rhizomes, making small, bright clumps in part sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens''black mondo grass
Purples and black in the garden have become the new beige, dark colors being the perfect contrast and background for just about anything. This small lily relative grows only to about 6" in height, spreading contentedly if given plenty of moisture. The black, evergreen leaves and small lilac flowers make any brightly colored object stand out and look wonderful with your new Goth look -- white powdered makeup not included. Full sun to deep shade; a bit slow growing either way. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 6.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Opuntia 'Achy Breaky'
This complex undoubtedly three way hybrid (O. polyacantha x O. erinaceae v. columbiana x O. fragilis) from the mountains of eastern Oregon (where everyone know things get a little wild) grows only to 6" or so in height and about 3 ft wide, sporting white rust and deep brown spines along with chartreuse and yellow, late spring flowers, and provides interest in both texture and compactness. As is true for one of its parents, O. fragilis, the pads easily detach and connect to anyone or thing walking by. Good for sharing with friends; not so great in regions prone to violent shaking. Cactus requirements -- lean soil, good drainage, and little to no summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4.
Opuntia 'Baby Rita'baby rita prickly pear
One of the most beautifully colored forms of the frost hardy cacti, a compact prickly pear to 2 ft, with pads to 3-4" that emerge blue-green often aging to greenish yellow tinted pink -- in this case a natural occurrence that doesn't indicate a lack of fertilizer. Late spring, ruffled flowers add to the palette. A hybrid cross between O. santa-rita and O. basilaris, this has all the charm of O. santa-rita in a much smaller plant. Full sun with sharp drainage. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6. Great in containers.
Opuntia 'Candelaria Flame'
A Cistus introduction, from a most variable population in south central Nevada where these shaggy creatures can vary from gold to white to silver to red. Named for both the nearby small town and the color of its sign, this form of Opuntia erinacea var. ursina 'Candelaria' stood out after an October rain with its brilliant auburn spines exquisitely back-lit in the autumn sun. Slow to reproduce, adding only a pad or two at a time. These enjoy sharp drainage in full sun avoiding overly saturated winter soil. A very long lasting pot specimen. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 5.
Opuntia 'Cyclops'cyclops prickly pear
Though the name has been around a long time, this plant's origins are unclear We do know this is a cute little prickly pear to 1 ft or 18" in height, probably having O. macrorhiza in its ancestry, with rounded pads of 4-6" forming tight clusters with dark bunches of spines appearing as polka dots from a distance. Cheery yellow flowers appear in mid to late spring. Good for container or sunny garden. And, as one would expect, very drought tolerant though west of the Sierra or Cascades would like a drink from the hose once in a while to spur growth. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia 'Golden Globe'
A Cistus introduction. From one of our favorite cactus habitats not far north of the aptly named Cactus Mountain Oregon, we believe actually named for particularly large specimens of pediocactus growing on its flanks. This selection from an obviously hybrid colony (parents = Opuntia polyacantha x erinacea var. columbiana) has shaggy upright pads to about 5" creating clumps 8-10" high by 3-4 ft wide with densely petalled flowers of undulating gold yellow, the orange stamens combining to create quite a show. Careful drainage is a must with these cliff dwellers and full sun. More summer drought tolerant than other prickly pears. Probably frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia 'Peach Chiffon'
A wonderful new strain of prickly pear with a profusion of silky, peach colored flowers in June on very compact plants, to under 6" tall forming clumps to 30” wide. n extremely prickly creature for full sun to light shade in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant but happily accepts occasional water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia 'Red Gem'prickly pear
A gorgeous little prickly pear given to us by Colorado's Kelly Grummons and we could find no better description than this with hopefully enough credit due: "An apparent hybrid between O. basilaris or O. aurea with O. fragilis! To 4" high x 18" wide, with small, round, 2-3" wide pads that have very short spines and are fragile (pads break off easily). The petite, deep pinkish red flowers in June are abundant. Beautiful in the rock garden or in containers. Fergusen thinks this MAY be Opuntia polyacantha v. schweriniana … still a mystery." Frost hardy to -30, USDA Zone 4.
Opuntia aurea 'Coombes Winter Glow'creeping beavertail cactus
Old opuntia selection that is very hardy but, for unknown reasons, now much harder to find. We like it for the unassuming green pads that turn dark red-purple to nearly black in cold weather. To 2 ft tall and up to 3 ft wide with cerise flowers appearing in June. Tough and easy in lean, well-drained soil with lots of sun and little summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia aurea 'Golden Carpet'
A spineless form of the creeping beavertail shared with us by Kelly Grummons, with upright blue-gray pads with tiny glochids forming chains across sandy areas in its native habitat, making it particularly attractive in both rock gardens and containers. Bright yellow flowers are one of the earliest to appear and one of the last to finish of all species. A variety that always draws a great deal of attention. Often reblooms in July. To 6" high x 36" wide. Frost hardy in USDA Zone 5.
Opuntia basilaris 'Peachy'beavertail cactus
This beavertail cactus, a native from the Mohave desert of California into northern Sonora, was given to us from an old Albuquerque garden and has been one of the best performers. Attractive clumps, from 3-4 ft wide and 18” in height, with 6” pads of powdery blue-tinted-pink, burgundy in winter, and, indeed, peachy pink flowers in spring and early summer. Though a clone more tolerant of garden water, they still prefer well-drained, gritty soil, especially where winters are wet …and an occasional thunderstorm, artificial or not, in dry summer climates. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia basilaris 'Sara's Compact'beavertail cactus
One of many fabulous beavertail cactus selections, this is a lovely semi-dwarf form, reaching an eventual 18” with soft, pinkish-gray pads covered in colorful orange-red glochids -- not to be licked! -- and deep rose flowers. This cultivar was selected by Sara McComb. Plant in full sun in mineral soil where drainage is sharp. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Opuntia basilaris var. brachyclada 'Mormon Rock'
A Cistus introduction from the vicinity of Mormon Rock in southern California. This tightly clumping small form of beavertail has conical blue pads somewhat more flattened than the typical subspecies indicating a possible hybrid. Whatever the botanical case, each pad is only about 3" wide with well-spaced, bright orange glochids giving the whole plant a very cheery appearance. Nice medium-to-cherry-pink flowers appears in mid spring. Not minding extra winter moisture, these are a bit easier to grow than other beavertails, enjoying full sun. Excellent pot or rock garden plant and frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 5, probably zone 4.
Opuntia basilaris var. heilii - Type local
Named for botanist Ken Heil and collected from the northeastern population of the beavertail cactus. This clone, found growing in heavy alkaline soil in south central Utah and collected via a single pad years ago by plantsman Tim Hannis, produces dense clusters of blue-bodied plants, rather short on glochids, a good thing! It has been our favorite so far growing robustly and producing abundant, warm pink flowers in late spring. Easy in in the ground or container provided full sun and good drainage. Frost hardy to at least -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia basilaris var. ramosa
This far western Mohavian form of one of our favorite beavertails was found many years ago -- possibly an intermediate between the typical brachyclada form. Unfortunately collectors wiped out the colony seemingly within seconds of its discovery. Though we weren't among the collectors, propagules did get around, so here it is -- a pretty thing with each pad under 3", each one stepped atop another and each clump to about 18" tall. Good in containers or in the dry garden. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Opuntia echinocarpa 'Portal Blonde'wiggin's cholla
Opuntia engelmanii - white spinedengelmanii prickly pear
Originally collected in the highlands of central Arizona, this upright prickly pear, to 5-6 ft high and as wide, has pads up to 8" or more in width/length of a pleasing olive-green with ivory-white central spines and yellow flowers with a tad of orange in age followed by rounded reddish fruit. This clone has adorned Portland gardens for 20 years or more and is one of the finer of the large prickly pears for us. Full sun to dappled shade along with decent drainage. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
Opuntia engelmannii - yellow spined
Opuntia fragilis - dwarf goldendwarf brittle prickly pear
Shared with us by friend Panayoti Kelaidis of Denver, this small mat former, quickly to about 3" high x 18" wide and eventually larger, has 1/2" pads with golden glochids and spines. Shy to flower. Very attractive in troughs, pots, or rock gardens, anywhere a low sun angle can can make the golden spines glow. Cactus conditions required -- sun, lean and well-drained soil, and little summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia fragilis - Michigan tiny form
This form, from a population in its far northeastern range, indeed Michigan, was found in wind-exposed outcrops or in mats in the mosses and lichens. Each pad is under 1/2" in length and width, often under 1/4", with a slightly blue cap and not many spines. This little prickly pear is best in bright light and quite water tolerant. Has been frost hardy into USDA zone 3. Good container plant for your artic condo.
Opuntia fragilis - Red Butte
A Tim Hannis collection from a small hill of the same name in Utah. The pads are quite thick, somewhat flattened, to 3" with sturdy golden and white spines. Makes small clumps to about 18" wide. Another very good rock garden, tough or container plant. Frost hardy to at least -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia fragilis 'Little Gray Mound'
Very cold hardy little cactus, to only 3" tall in clumps to 12" wide, with brownish red glochids and pads that turn purple in cold weather. Produces bright yellow flowers in early summer. Tolerates part shade but prefers full sun and good drainage; tolerates drought but enjoys occasional summer water. Cold hardy to -35F, USDA 3b. Also fine in containers.
Opuntia fragilis 'Red N Black'
Very nice version of our native Opuntia, this with striking red and black spines growing to 4-6" tall by 3 ft wide and showing off yellow flowers in late spring. Handsome in the sunny well-drained garden, with occasional, monsoon-like summer water for best appearance. Frost hardy in USDA zone 3.
Opuntia gilvescensoklahoma pancake cactus
A very tidy, upright prickly pear from the Oklahoma panhandle reaching 3 ft or more with nearly spherical pads of light blue adorned with short golden spines and yellow flowers, sometimes rust-centered, followed by fleshy red fruit. Bright sun is best with lean soil and at least decent drainage. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5, or possibly lower.
Opuntia macrocentra 'Kunzleri'long-spined purplish pricklypear
Named for New Mexico plantsman Horst Kunzler, this short, broad form of a most beautiful prickly pear has bluish pads tinted pink in winter -- each pad at least 6" wide and topped with dark "eyelash" spines -- and yellow, orange-centered flower in mid to late spring. Best with sun and a dryish root run. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6. Fab container plant.
Opuntia microdasys - white spined
One of Sean’s favorite, early childhood succulents, this one with the same perfectly rounded pads but the glochids are cream to nearly white. Summer flowers are yellow. Full sun or brightest windowsill for best appearance. Though most often grown as a container plant, the species is hardy outdoors to 10F, USDA zone 8, or above.
Opuntia polyacantha 'Citrus Punch'
Another beautiful prickly pear from Colorado's Kelly Grummons, this spreading creature of under 1 ft in height but eventually to 3-4 ft wide has orange and yellow spines and warm apricot flowers darkening with age. Superb in rock gardens or containers and frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4 or below. Full sun and sharp drainage.
Opuntia polyacantha 'Imnaha Blue'
A Cistus introduction. A common native of western dry lands, this clone, from northeastern Oregon's Imnaha Canyon, was found weeping several feet off a cliff of red ryolite, the nearly spineless, gray-blue pads appearing almost as if hanging in chains. Assuming not everyone has a cliff, these will form spreading mats to 4-12" tall and up to several feet wide. Early summer flowers are a warm, soft yellow. Ordinary cactus requirements -- sun, lean and well-drained soil, and little or no summer water. Undoubtedly frost hardy into USDA zone 4.
Opuntia polyacantha 'Imnaha Sunset'
A Cistus introduction. A common native of western dry lands, these found in northeastern Oregon's Imnaha Canyon. They have round to oval pads -- from 1-4" long with dense, orange spines (polycantha means "many thorns) up to 2" long -- and form spreading mats to 4-12" tall and up to several feet wide. Early summer flowers are, in this selection, yellow with orange stamens and particularly abundant. Frost hardy at least into USDA zone 4.
Opuntia polyacantha 'Peter Pan'hedgehog prickly pear
Collected by Kelly Grummons in Colorado's Pawnee National Grasslands, this stunning, perpetually juvenile, non-flowering form has pads of 1-3" covered in bright, white spines. Forms a spiny, white carpet to only 3" tall and spreading slowly to up to 2 ft wide. A good selection for rock gardens or troughs in sun and well-drained soil. Drought tolerant. Frost hardy to -40F, USDA zone 3.
Opuntia spinosior - highest elevation formcane cholla
Classic and most attractive cholla, from elevations over 8100 ft in southeastern Arizona's Pinaleño mountains, with tightly held, silver-tinted-pink spines on rounded branches and cherry red flowers in late spring on “shrubs” to about 4 ft -- the entire plant a luscious purple in the colder months of winter with the branchlets handing downward. A beautiful contrast to the greeny yellow fruit. Full sun, good drainage, and, where dry, occasional summer water to boost growth. Frost hardy to -20F, zone 5, possibly a bit lower.
Opuntia strigilmarblefruit prickly pear
Unusual, south Texas native, prickly pear, to 3-4 ft or so,with round, 6" pads, the sharp spines chocolate-brown and evenly spaced. Creamy yellow flowers appear in May or June and produce small fruit that blushes red. Does well in full sun to bright shade, lean and well-drained soil, and little or no summer water. Frost hardy to 10 to 15F, USDA zone 8, more reliable if dry in winter or with excellent drainage. A very good container plant for bright light.
Opuntia whipplei 'Tiny Tim'
A Cistus introduction, but we must thank Tim Hannis for finding this northernmost Utah population of O. whipplei and particularly for this striking clone. These spiny, miniature chollas, reaching only about 6-8" in height but spreading to 6 ft or more, are variable in color with 1-2" long "pads" covered with golden spines. Even these small plants manage to produce a number of yellow-green flowers each spring followed by yellow fruit. A most attractive garden "shrub" or container specimen for sun and decently drained soil. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia wrightii - white spine
Small cholla from northern Arizona and adjacent places --perhaps more familiar by its old name and synonym, Opuntia wrightii - white spine, this collection does have white spines rather than the silvery spines of the genus. Tightly held branches form a miniature “tree” to about 3 ft tall. Greeny yellow flowers are abundant in mid spring. Easy to grow in bright light and gritty soil with occasional summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4. A very good container specimen.
Opuntia x rutila - red/black spines
This so far unnamed hybrid was an early Colorado Plateau collection by plantsman Claude Barr. Stout orange-red and black spines mark pads roughly 3" long, the elongation suggesting parentage by O. polycantha and O. fragilis. Mid spring, yellow flowers fade to apricot. Wonderful for small rock gardens with the usual cactus conditions -- sun, lean and well-drained soil, and little or no summer water. Frost hardy to -30F, USDA zone 4.
Opuntia x rutilia
These seem to be intermediate population between O. polyacantha and the ubiquitous O. fragiis coming from the western Colorado plateau. This very pretty form has 3" or so robust pads, purple tinted and turning much darker in winter, with rust and white spines emerging firey orange. The flowers are medium pink in mid spring. Easy in container or garden given bright light and half-way decent drainage. Probably frost hardy to -40F, USDA zone 3.
Origanum rotundifolium 'Kent Beauty'
Perhaps our favorite ornamental oregano, with sprays of hop-like flowers and bracts that are blushed pinkish purple, from summer through fall and that cascade down hanging baskets or over walls. Loves sun and excellent drainage. Fairly drought tolerant in summer. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5, if given proper drainage.
Oscularia caulescens - Ruth Bancroft Garden clone
Osmanthus 'Jim Porter'
Thought to be derived from O. armatus, O. ‘Jim Porter’ has one of the most beautifully sculptured appearances of any in the genus, growing reasonably fast to 6-8 ft tall in a narrow pyramidal form. Narrow, shiny green leaves, to 4", are dissected more than halfway back to the mid vein in a wonderful spiked pattern. Flowering begins in September and often lasts through November and December with very fragrant, small, white clusters amid the leaves. Typical osmanthus culture -- reasonably well-drained soil; sun to light shade; summer watering is best in dry climates to maintain vigor. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Osmanthus armatus - Forest Farm Clone
This substantial sweet olive’s foliage might remind you of a holly with its dark, leather and spiny leaves, but its sweetly perfumed white flowers will surprise you in the fall. Happily, less spiny in maturity, this is a handsome, multi-stemmed shrub, to 10 ft or so, and evergreen. Makes an excellent screen. Full sun to dense shade in fertile soil with regular water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Osmanthus fragrans 'Benekei'
According to Ted Stephens, said to be red flowered (or orange) but several he has given away have flowered white. His has not flowered yet. Grows 12-15ft tall x 8ft wide. Avoid fertilizing and watering in late summer in areas subject to early frosts. Hardy well into USDA zone 7.
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Goshiki'
This fragrant olive’s rounded outline and foliage make it an excellent border shrub. Goshiki is ‘five colored’ in Japanese and refers to the rainbow-splashed variegation in the new growth. Intensely fragrant, tiny, cream, fall flowers are added attractions. To 4-8 ft in sun to part shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7, possibly 6.
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Gulftide'false holly
A handsome plant and a terrific screen or hedge, this evergreen shrub, to 8 ft tall and 5 ft wide, has spiny, holly-like leaves, shiny dark green and very densely held. Flowers appear in autumn, their tiny whiteness hidden amongst the leaves but the sweet fragrance easily noticed. Prefers sun to part shade in well-drained soil with summer water but easily adapts to many soils. Also can be pruned to maintain a smaller size. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Variegatus'variegated false holly
cuttings from the one hundred year old tree at the Portland Classical Chinese Garden. Full sun, summer water. White fragrant flowers in winter. Usually 6 or so feet tall, but in time.....
Osmanthus sp. - variegated [Ozzie Johnson]
Osmanthus x fortunei 'Ninth & Polk'fortune's osmanthus
Possibly a very mature Osmanthus x ‘San Jose’ but appears to have a more rounded form and much wider leaves,scalloped and gently toothed. Ours are from a plant appearing to be at least 100 years old in Corvallis, Oregon. The lovely form and quite abundant flowers in late October led us to ask permission (yes, really!) for cuttings several years ago. A wonderful creature for small specimen tree to 12-15 ft eventually, or hedging or screen. Drought tolerant once established. Frost hardy in upper zone 7 in bright light to dappled shade.
Yunnan tree olive
Handsome and rare in cultivation, this evergreen large shrub or small tree has leathery, slightly toothed, olive-green leaves and scented, near-white, waxy, axillary flowers in late winter to early spring. Slow growing plants can reach 8-10 ft tall x 6-8 ft in a reasonable time; larger, to 20-30 ft tall with great age and no pruning. Bright light, with protection from hottest sun, in rich, well-drained soil with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8. Said to be deer resistant plant when mature.
Othonna capensisLittle pickles
Yes, the succulent leaves do look a bit like little pickles, a bit like an ice plant. Evergreen succulent with surprisingly large, daisy-like, yellow flowers from mid spring through autumn. Forms patches 6" tall x 1-3 ft across wherever drainage is great and the light is bright. Likes a bit of summer moisture but prefers to be dryish in winter so....that drainage needs to be good. Easily frost hardy to 20F, USDA zone 9, much colder if dry in winter.
Othonna cheirifoliabarbary ragwort
We grow this wonderful, silvery composite from Tunisia mostly for the extremely attractive gray spatulate leaves, but the bright yellow daisy flowers are nice too. Evergreen and shrubby or hanging to 2 ft or so. Full sun and well-drained soil. Frost hardy to 10 to 15F, low to mid USDA zone 8. Good succulent and color accent for stone walls and rock gardens.
Oxalis 'Plum Crazy'
Wow. Spectacular heat-loving wood sorrel with a splash of purple and green leaves and petite yellow flowers. Mounded habit is perfect for the woodland garden or as a filler in mixed containers. Full sun to partial shade. Height 6". USDA zone 8.
Oxalis articulata f. crassipes - good pink form
Old fashioned garden plant from South America, ours selected from among old garden plants in our inherited garden. Both winter and summer growing, the dense tufts of spring-green, shiny, 1/2" leaves are supported by pine-cone-like caudices or tubers. In case Oxalis scares you, this plant rarely seeds and is increased somewhat slowly only by division of the clumps. The cheery pink flowers begin for us in late winter and with good summer water continue -- well... into late winter. This year round flowering can be interrupted only by severe summer drought or winter temperatures below the upper teens F, with which they will go happily dormant only to spring back when their immediate climate changes. USDA zone 7.
Oxalis oregana 'Klamath Ruby'
A Cistus Introduction. A native of northern California and southern Oregon; these from a wild collection on the Klamath River. An excellent evergreen ground cover for shade with velvety, evergreen foliage, dark green above with dark red undersides, and large, pale, silk pink flowers. Try it in your deepest dark, dry shade, or in dappled sun with little summer water. Cold hardy in USDA zone 7.
Ozothamnus rosmarinifoliussea rosemary
Medium, evergreen shrub, to 4-5 ft tall and nearly as wide, with crowded, tiny leaves, green above and silvery beneath giving an overall silver appearance. Large corymbs of white flowers are opalescent and reflect a pale pink cast. Drying flowers stay very handsome for a long time. Full sun to part shade, with occasional summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Passiflora 'Lavender Lady'hardy passionflower
A truly hardy passionflower with 4" wide purple flowers in spring through summer and sporadically all year in warmer zones, lovely held against handsome, blue-green, lobed foliage. A vigorous vine, to 15-20 ft or so, but not an "I turned my back and it ate the garage" kind of grower. Full to part sun with average summer water. Remains nearly evergreen in USDA zone 8. Root hardy in USDA zone 7b.
Pelargonium 'Mrs. Pollock'
A great multi-colored Pelargonium. The leaves have a kaleidoscope of colors and markings. Flowers are pink. Excellent container plant. Full sun is best. Use to brighten up the summer garden. Best treated as an annual or over winter cuttings for next year.
Pelargonium 'Occold Shield'
A great zonal leaved Pelargonium, with bright peachy orange flowers. A compact grower with golden yellow to yellow green leaves having a rusty center. Excellent container plant. USDA zone 9.
Pelargonium 'Persian Queen'
One of the best and brightest of the fancy leaved Pelargoniums, this grows into the typical pot geranium that Gramma loved but with a punk twist -- screaming yellow leaves and cerise flowers. Ours lived through most winters, but, in areas below USDA zone 9, cuttings should be taken annually and dried or rooted in sand for the next year. Plants may also be lifted and stored in a cool place -- with those forgotten potatoes. Excellent container addition, if just for the shock value alone.
A striking penstemon with deep reddish-purple flowers throughout the growing season and unusually dark, shiny green foliage -- a standout amongst other garden forms. Stems to 2 ft tall, eventually forming clumps 2 ft wide. Sun, good drainage, and gravel mulch (if any) to protect against root rot. Otherwise, easy and lovely. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
If you love hummingbirds -- doesn't everyone? -- this red-flowering perennial is for you, attracting birds from June to frost with its bright red trumpet flowers. Deadhead for best flower production. To 2 ft tall in clumps to 2-3 ft wide, these are evergreen in mild winters. They need well drained soil and at least occasional summer water in full sun. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7. Said to be deer resistant as well.
Striking and colorful penstemon, with typical, hanging, bell-flowers in a not-so-typical dark purple with hints of red-lavendar and bits of white in the throat, blooming in 3 ft stems from early summer until late fall. Plants, in clumps to 3 ft wide, are usually herbaceous, dying back in winter's frost to return in spring -- occasionally staying evergreen in a mild winter. Best in full sun and well-drained soil with at least occasional summer water. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Penstemon heterophyllus 'Electric Blue'
Lovely small penstemon with late spring flowers of gentian blue on 18" stems that stand above clumps of long, narrow, evergreen leaves, spreading to 1-1.5 ft. Found in sunny sites in the California foothills, these are easy to grow in sun, needing no summer moisture once established but tolerating some. Well-drained soil is a must; they dislike wet feet, summer or winter. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Penstemon pinifolius 'Mersea Yellow'
Long-lived perennial with evergreen, pine-like foliage and hundreds of small bright yellow flowers in late spring and summer. Hummingbird candy. This sport was discovered in England with a flower color that is quite unusual for this genus. Great on a sunny slope or rock garden. Grows to about 1 ft high x 2 ft wide. Needs good drainage in any soil and occasional summer water where dry. Prune back in March. Evergreen to -20, USDA zone 5, and frost hardy in zone 4, as kindly reported by a inhabitant of climates much colder than ours.
Pernettya mucronata 'Rubra'
Dense and compact, evergreen shrub, to 2.5-4 ft tall and wide, with small, shiny and angular, dark green leaves that turn reddish bronze in winter, abundant small, white flowers in late spring, and large and lovely red berries beginning in late and lasting into spring. Easily trimmed to size and shape. Best in sun to part shade where soil is rich and summer water is provided. Tolerates rather wet conditions as well as short periods of drought. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Peumus boldus - clone 2boldo
Small, slow growing, evergreen tree from dry sunny slopes in Chile. The aromatic leaves are shiny, 1-2.5”, dark green above and paler beneath; the summer flowers off-white, appearing in clusters; and the fruits (drupes) red -- but only set if a suitable friend is nearby. Sun to part sun with little added summer moisture and well-drained soil. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, a protected location.
Philadelphus 'Belle Etoile'
A must have for the fragrant garden, this deciduous shrub has late spring flowers, white with a maroon blotch near the center and a sweet, spicy fragrance. Delicious! Large and rangy, to 6 ft tall and wide in full sun or, in the hottest summer climates, light shade with protection from western sun. Provide well-drained soil for best appearance and regular summer water for best blooms. Can be stooled to rejuvenate. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Philadelphus 'Innocence'mock orange
A most lovely form of the old-fashioned mock orange with particularly striking variegated leaves on this 6-8 ft, arching, deciduous shrub. Shared with us by our friend, Deborah Chaffee, the flowers are particularly fragrant, noticeable at a great distance from spring through early summer and occasionally thereafter -- with regular watering. Drought tolerant once established; sun to dappled shade. Frost hardy in USDA zone 4.
Philadelphus lewisii SBH 6826
Lewis' mock orange
Sean’s collection from Oregon's Deschutes River country of this deliciously fragrant, native mock orange, discovered and named for Meriwether Lewis. A deciduous shrub, to only 4 ft tall and spreading to 8 ft wide with handsome foliage, green above and paler below and, in spring, profuse, single white, intensely fragrant flowers. Shrub to 4 feet, perhaps 8 if super happy. Tolerates sun to part sun, moisture and drought but occasional summer water enhances appearance. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
desert mountain mock orange
Sweet little mock orange, native to the US Southwest and extremely drought tolerant, with highly fragrant, small white flowers, sometimes rose-centered, and small leaves, to only 1/2". A deciduous shrub, to 4 ft tall, for bright light and lean, well-drained soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7 and possibly into upper zone 6.
Phlomis aureasinai jerusalem sage
Of the entire genus of mostly wooly-leaved, mint family perennials, this is among the finest. Native to the dry Mediterranean, this 4 ft pyramidal, evergreen shrub holds its furry, golden leaves upright, making a particularly lovely texture among lavenders and olives in our dry garden. Creamy yellow flowers on rounded florets, set one over the other, add interest in spring and summer. A plant for bright light and lean soil. Loves a bit of summer drought and temperatures that do not fall below the realm of 10F, lower USDA zone 8, though some have been successful in zone 7. Great container plant. Makes you look younger, too.
Phlox subulata 'Candy Stripe'
Good ground cover, bright and cheerful in spring when plants are covered with white flowers striped in pink. Evergreen and low-growing, to 4" tall x 2 ft across eventually, in sun to part shade. Prefers sandy, well-drained soil and tolerates hot placess. Said to be deer resistant and tolerant of summer humidity. Frost hardy in USDA zone 3.
Phlox subulata 'Emerald Blue'
Lovely, ground-covering phlox, growing to only 6" tall and spreading to 3 ft or so in a delicate mat that is covered all summer in bright lavender-blue star flowers. Loves to drape over banks and stone walls in full sun where there is good drainage and, especially in the first years, regular summer water. Butterflies love this colorful addition to the summer season and deer do not, or so "they" say. Frost hardy in USDA zone 3.
Phlox subulata 'Scarlet Flame'
The spring flowers are scarlet indeed nearly covering the needle-like foliage on this vigorous and useful groundcover that grows to only 6" tall and easily spreads to 1-2 feet wide. Shear after flowering for best appearance. Easy in well-drained soil, even sandy places, in full sun to part shade with no summer water! Evergreen in USDA zone 8 and frost hardy in zone 3.
silver date palm
A mediterranean and miniature version of the more common date palm, this slow columper to 20 ft and event a bit more is quite drought hardy and tolerant of frost into the teens F. Would love a hot blasty wall and decent drainage. Regular watering while temperatures are hot increases ghrowth rate. Where temp are likely to fall on occasiona below 15 to 18F use a pot plant of place where protection can be had.
Phormium 'Jack Spratt'
An old cultivar that has proven to be extremely tough in the Pacific Northwest. To only 18"-2 ft tall, with dark reddish leaves that are a bit twisted, this phormium can be a workhorse in your garden, in large plantings, or in containers. Accepts full to part sun and, though somewhat drought tolerant prefers regular summer water. Should have reasonable drainage as well. Frost hardy to 15F, USDA zone 8b, but may resprout from lower temperatures if protected.
Phormium cookianummountain flax
Green phormium, lushly green with no stripes or color interruptions on the gracefully arching leaves, to 2.5" wide in clumps to 4-5 ft tall. Stalks of yellow-orange flowers stand above the foliage in late spring / early summer followed by fruit in the form of attractive, long, black pods. Good in sun or shade -- in sun with regularly summer water in the inland garden, or shade with lower water requirements as in coastal sun. Not often offered, the are lovely and gracious plants. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8 with mulch for protection against freezing.
Photinia serratifolia var. serratifolia
From China, this handsome and useful big, bold, glossy leaved evergreen can be grown as a large shrub or trimmed as a small tree -- to 12-25 ft x 10-20 ft. Leaves, 4-8”, emerge light green and bronze tinged maturing to dark green and leathery with serrated margins and lighter undersides. Large clusters of bright red berries in autumn follow the early spring panicles of white flowers, lovely, though their aroma is not universally admired. Sun to part shade in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant but accepts and appreciates some summer water. USDA zone 6.
Phygelius 'Peach Trombone'
A Xera Plants introduction, this cape fuchsia forms a nice, compact perenninal, topped in summer by peachy, trumpet flowers. To 3 ft tall in clumps a bit wider. ull sun to light shade, rich soil and summer water keep the notes in tune from May through frost. Prune hard in spring to keep it neat and tidy. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Phygelius 'Snow Queen'
Fabulous white flowered phygelius, blooming from May to October. Flowers are densely held clusters of white tubes with creamy yellow throats. Compact, to 18” x 18” in full sun to part sun with summer water. Can be expected to remain evergreen with dips into the 20s F. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
alpine celery tree
Truly awesome conifer, this 10 ft or so tall shrubby relict has no leaves...its petioles have broadened into phyllodes: green on the top & glaucous blue underneath. At home in the Pacific Northwest & totally hardy. Give it a little protection from hot sun; lean acid soil conditions. Does well in containers that don’t freeze solid. Tasmania. USDA zone 8- possibly upper zone 7
Physocarpus opulifolius 'Dart's Gold'
Its golden foliage highlights the pure white, fragrant, summer flowers and brilliant red fruit in autumn. Peeling bark adds interest to this durable hedging plant or specimen, deciduous, to 5 ft tall and wide, smaller than the species. Out of the hottest afternoon sun seems to suit it best for foliage color. Can take a bit of drought, but best with a little summer water. Takes will to pruning. Frost hardy in USDA zone 2.
Pileostegia viburnoidesclimbing hydrangea
Self-clinging evergreen vine with terminal white flowers in large clusters in late summer to early autumn. Foliage is handsome, the leaves dark green and leathery. For half sun to full shade in fertile, well-drained soil. An excellent candidate to run up that Douglas fir out back, as long as it gets a bit of summer water. (Not recommended on brick as it clings a bit too tightly.) From China and cold hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Pinus contorta var. contortabolander's beach pine
Endemic to a narrow coastal area of California near Mendocino, these pines are often shrubby in their natural, windy habitats, but in less extreme garden conditions they can reach 15-20 ft tall and wide. A two-needle pine with short, narrow needles in this variety and knobby, open cones, these trees are endangered in their natural habitat. Preferring full sun and good drainage, they are adapted to summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 and best with protection from winter winds.
This dark-needled pine, from Russia and Afghanistan, loves dry conditions, growing quickly when young, eventually reaching 30-80 ft tall by 15-25 ft wide with a symmetrical form, rounding on top over time. Needles are 6" long in sets of two and occasionally 3. Tolerates poor soils but good drainage is best for long term health. Drought tolerant once established, but accepts occasional deep watering, in full sun inland or on the coast where plants tolerate windy conditions. Frost hardy to -10, USDA zone 6.
Pinus ponderosa - Willamette Valley Collection
Beautiful, massive native tree, these from plants that grow in the Willamette Valley. Needles are up to 10" long. Bark is very dark brown when young, maturing to a yellow-red-brown, becoming very thick and furrowed, breaking up into "jigsaw puzzle" like pieces. Eventually reaches 175 ft but not quickly. Adapted to full sun, well-drained soil and little or no summer water once established. Frost hardy to -40F, USDA zone 3.
Pinus sabiniana - OR State
grayleaf pine, foothills pine
Often seen among other blue leaved plants from the serpentine soils of much of California and into southern Oregon. These cuttings from a champion tree at Oregon State University in Corvallis, a tree that measures 4/5 ft in diameter and 106 ft tall! Upright, and graceful (some old grumps say straggly) with a crooked trunk, often forked; dark gray, furrowed bark; and 10", silver-blue needles thinly covering the open crown. Superb back lit in winter light. Sun, lean soil, and very little summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7, and into zone 6.
This plant, on our lust list for years, is in many ways a typical New Zealand citizen, with tiny, only 1/4", narrow, toothed leaves of nearly jet black, providing difficult grazing for beaky animals….all this on a densely upright, divaricating shrub. Eventually to 8 ft or more, but easily kept at 3-4 ft, producing small, blackish purple flowers and, with age, larger leaves. Is there a theme? Striking pot or garden specimen. We suggest planting with silver foliage plants so youngsters don’t get lost or stepped on. Prefers some summer water where dry. Has proven hardy to 10F or so, USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum eugenioides var. minor 'Variegata'variegated lemonwood
A smaller version of an attractive species, to only 10 ft or so rather than the 30 ft of its near relation. Evergreen with dense foliage of pale green with white, slightly wavy margins and, in spring, intensely fragrant, spring flowers. Useful as a specimen or hedge. Site out of harsh winds and in a protected spot with full sun and regular summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum heterophyllumchinese mock orange
This evergreen "mock orange" should be in every shopping center parking lot– it’s that tough. Sadly, it’s not well represented anywhere. Medium shrub to small tree,12 to 15 ft, with glossy, narrow foliage and, in spring, pale yellow, intoxicatingly scented flowers. Delicious! Sun to part shade with regular water. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7.
Pittosporum heterophyllum 'Winter Frost'variegated chinese mock orange
One of the most frost hardy of the Chinese mock oranges, this form, introduced only a few years ago from Japan, grows to 4 ft or so with 2” leaves margined and streaked most attractively in white and cream. Creamy flowers are scented of orange blossoms in mid spring to early summer. Can be shorn as hedge or used as specimen plants in decently drained soil. Prefers sun to half shade andsupplemental summer water where very dry. Easy. Frost hardy to 5F, mid USDA zone 7.
Pittosporum illiciodes - narrow leaf cl. 2
Another Cistus selection of a narrow leaf Pittosporum illicioides, the original form selected by Dan Hinkley - P. illicioides DJHT 99079, chosen for the extremely narrow leaves that present a fine texture in the garden. This handsome evergreen shrub, to 12-15 ft tall, has shorter an slightly narrower leaves than P. illicioides 'Strappy' but the same fragrant, white flowers in spring and, in autumn, very small, blue-black fruit in orange capsules. Best in light shade with regular summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 and expected in zone 7.
Pittosporum illiciodes 'Cloud Nine'
A Cistus introduction. From our ongoing selections, this particularly fine-textured mock orange possesses all the qualities of 'Strappy' but with finer texture and somewhat denser growth habit. To an eventual six feet in height, a unique feature is the profusion of orange scented flowers emerging in clouds prior to the onset of new growth in spring, thus making them particularly visible. The fragrance wafts for some distance. These characteristics, combined with the fact that we've made lots of cuttings, means you need one as soon as possible! Dappled to full sun, medium drainage and drought-tolerant though, monthly deep watering once established is helpful for extra new growth in dry places. USDA Zone 7.
A most unusual member of the genus from New Zealand southern South Island, endemic to only a couple of spots along the Bellcloutha River. Growth is narrow and upright to 8-15' with black, spidery leaves in youth enlarging only somewhat in adultitude with more rounded bright green leaves and a multitude of deep maroon flowers said to be the most fragrant of the genus, reminiscent of carnations. This should make a fine new addition to the garden, especially the Goth garden. We have surmised hardiness to zone 8 that has been verified by surviving 12F in winter 2014 in the garden of our super friend Loree, where she and the plant survived the winter unscathed.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Argentea Nana'
Of the often jewel-like members of this highly selected species from New Zealand, P.t. 'Argentea Nana' is indeed one of the most exquisite. Young plants form mounds, 18" to 2 ft , of densely held, 1/4" leaves on black stems. As plants emerge into their adult phase, the leaves grow farther apart and the plants become more open. This too is attractive but if one misses the old days, a little shearing can never hurt. On older plants late spring flowers are under 1/3", maroon to nearly black with the fragrance of dianthus. Dappled shade to full sun with regular summer water preferred. Exquisite container plant. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Atropurpureum'purple kohuhu
Though doubtless many purple-leaved forms have been introduced under the name Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Atropurpureum', this one is ours, grown from cuttings of the lovely 12 ft tall x 4 ft wide specimen in the garden of Western Hills Nursery in Northern California. The 1", rounded leaves, yes purple and held among black stems, and carnation-scented, nearly black flowers, might possibly sound morbid but are, in fact, dazzlingly beautiful. Plants, easily kept as a formal element or background hedge in the garden, are easily shorn to maintain even tighter shape. Prefers bright light or only dappled shade with regular summer water in dry climates. This has proven to be one of the frost hardiest cultivars, surviving 7F briefly in the garden at Western Hills in 1990 and having turned not a leaf with a windy 20F in our garden. Frost hardy to at least 10F, USDA zone 8; a container plant or an experiment in zone 7.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Gold Star'
Yet another selection, this a compact, evergreen shrub with bright, cheerful foliage, olive green centrally splashed golden, on black stems, and intensely fragrant, tiny black flowers in spring. o 4 ft tall or so and as wide. Full sun in milder climates to part shade in hot, dry areas. Likes well-drained soil and some summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8a.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'James Stirling'silver kohuhu
One of the parents of the ever-popular Pittosporum tenuifolium ‘Silver Sheen’, 'James Stirling' is also appealing with a much more platinum coloration and a denser habit. Tiny black flowers in spring come and go quickly but are a sweet surprise and lovely against the silvery foliage. Happy in full to part sun with regular summer water, James will get to 10 ft tall or so and half as wide. Can be pruned to increase density and maintain shape. One of the hardier forms, accepting temperatures in the single digits, upper USDA zone 7.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Nutty Leprechaun'dwarf purple kohuhu
This selection originated in Ireland though its parentage is, of course, from New Zealand. A good addition to the purple-leaved pittosporums, growing only to about 3 ft tall with small, deep burgundy leaves, under 1/2”, a striking contrast with the florescent chartreuse of the new spring growth. These are not only compact, they have an almost creeping quality, separating P. t. ‘Nutty Leprechaun’ from other small, purple cultivars. Also one of the tougher of the purple group, these have been frost hardy so far into the low teens F with no noticeable damage. Full sun for best color. At home on the West Coast of North America, but not happy in the hot, humid southeast. Frost hardy in lower USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Purpureum'purple kohuhu
"Odd" is one way to describe this fabulous and much sought after pittosporum with wavy-edged leaves that start out pale green and mature to a deep bronze-purple, the new growth against the dark, older leaves giving a striking bicolor effect. Wow! In winter the shiny and reflective foliage appears even darker. A nice, evergreen shrub, to 10 ft tall. Best in full to part sun with average summer water. Cold hardy in USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Silver Ruffles'ruffled kohuhu
Small, gray-green, wavy leaves float above black stems on this delicately textured shrub, possibly reaching 12 ft in time. Tiny black flowers appear in spring, stunning against the foliage and highly fragrant as well. Best when backed by darker foliage. Site out of wind and close to a path to be admired. Sun to part sun in hottest climes with some summer water. Frost hardy to at least 10F, USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Silver Sheen'
Small ever-silver leaves float above black stems on this delicate shrub. Lovely alone, backed by a darker evergreen, or as a possible hedge, growing to over 10-12 ft in time. Sun to part shade with regular summer moisture. Avoid wet feet. Site out of wind for protection and close to a path to be admired. Hardy to the upper teens, USDA zone 8b.
Pittosporum tenuifolium 'Victoria'victoria kohuhu
Another new Pittosporum for us and, we believe, for the United States as a whole, this one having the reputation of one of the most frost hardy in New Zealand. Compact plants with upright dense form, to 6-8 ft, with 1/4", nearly round leaves, splashed pink and silver -- reminiscent of P. tenuifolium ''Silver Magic' but to our eyes darker in color and more compact. Same culture as for others: well-drained soil, bright light, and even summer moisture. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8; possibly 7 with protection.
Pittosporum tobira 'Shima'variegated mock orange
Low growing form of the Japanese mock orange, about the size of Pittosporum tobira 'Wheeler's Dwarf -- about 3 ft in height x 4 ft in width eventually. A very compact growth with leaves streaked cream, the lightest yellow, and green. Wonderful foundation planting or foreground to frame perennials. A plant frequently commented upon at the entrance of our nursery where it is it planted adjacent to variegated forms of Trachelospermum for a....variegation echo. Shy flowering. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum tobira 'Spring Bouquet'
variegated mock orange
New and exciting pittosporum, shared with us by Ted Stephens at Nurseries Carolinianus, with spring growth emerging nearly white and, over the season, gradually fading to pale green, A low-growing form of this evergreen mock orange, to 3-5 ft tall and wide, with the same sweet, white flower in spring - hints of orange blossoms. Dappled to light shade is best in a warm, sheltered spot. Regular summer water for best appearance. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Pittosporum tobira 'Tall n Tough'mock orange
The hardiest of P. tobira clones, this selection is from JC Raulston Arboretum has survived temperatures to 0F without blinking. Large, evergreen shrub to small tree, to 8 ft tall x 6 ft wide, has shiny, dark green, rounded leaves and, in early summer, intensely fragrant, citrus-like, white flowers. Appreciates full sun to part shade, with regular summer water until established. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Pittosporum tobira 'Turner's Dwarf'dwarf mock orange
One of the evergreen "mock oranges," so named for its transcendental fragrance, evocative of orange blossoms, from small, white spring flowers. A smallish shrub, to 4-6 ft tall x 4 ft wide with variegated foliage, the light green leaves edged in creamy white. Full sun for best bud set, but tolerates dappled shade. Best in a fairly warm, sunny spot against the shelter of a wall or building. Frost hardy in mid USDA zone 8.
lowland Ribbonwood, manatu
Lovely small, deciduous tree from New Zealand, to 20 ft tall x 6-7 ft wide, that begins as a dense shrub with interlaced branches and matures to a graceful, upright, adult form with lateral branches and wavy, nearly black stems holding toothed leaves. Pale yellow-green flowers appear in late spring in large panicles. Tolerant of poor soils and dry conditions but enjoys consistent summer moisture. Dislikes intense summer heat with humidity. Perfect for the sunny coast or in dappled shade inland. Surprisingly, specimens from Cistus took single digits in several places in the winter of 2009 so we expect hardiness to frost in USDA zone 8.
Pleioblastus shibuyanus 'Tsuboi'
Who knew such a tongue twister could be so beautiful? This small and unusual, spreading bamboo has bright, variegated foliage, green with cream stripes, on arching canes that lounge lazily on other plants. Arching clumps reach 4-6 ft tall easily and possibly 9 ft as a cheerful, single specimen or a bright, dense hedge in part to full sun. Frost hardy to -5F, USDA zone 6b.
Podocarpus alpinus 'County Park Fire'alpine plum yew
OoooH! We think we are becoming quite enamored with these little podocarps. Another down-under plant selected by famed County Park Nursery in the United Kingdom, this jewel-like little conifer, reaches only about 3 ft with densely held, shiny, rounded needles of deepest green/maroon in summer, taking on fiery purple-orange tints in winter, especially in new growth. A fabulous addition to container or garden. The P. alpinus group is one of the most hardy of the genus, this plant having been hardy to close to 0F in several gardens. Stunning when planted with other party goers such as Uncinia rubra and, maybe our favorite, Libertia peregrinans for a rusty contrast. Average soil conditions; bright light best; not appreciative of prolonged drought. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Podocarpus chinensis - Yucca Do
Though the name is somewhat questionable, the plant is certainly not. Given to us by Yucca Do Nursery some years ago, this Podocarp spends several years as a delightful conical shrub with narrow, spring green foliage of about 1” in length; we are told it can eventually grow into a large tree of 30’ or more. So far this gem has withstood temperatures into the upper single digits Fahrenheit with no visible damage. We find it, however, thirsty for some summer water in our part of the world.
Podocarpus chingianus UCSC 95-97
Related to P. chinensis, these rare podocarps grow to an eventual 20 ft tall, a striking architectural feature for the garden, with "needles" of 1/2" held against the stem giving an almost tufted appearance. Best in full sun or the light understory. Though drought tolerant, growth can be boosted by light summer watering. Frost hardy to 10F or so, USDA zone 8, and possibly lower.
Podocarpus falcatus UCSC95.340sickle-leaved yellowwood
A graceful podocarp reaching large tree size in the highlands of the eastern South African Drakensberg range and a medium grower -- to 30 ft or so at least so far -- in our Western gardens. As the South African podocarps have never been thought to be the most frost hardy creatures in the world, we were surprised to find this successful (until removed by chain saw) at the JC Raulston Arboretum in USDA zone 7 in North Carolina. The thin stemmed, upright tree, with somewhat weeping branches and almost bamboo-like, narrow curving foliage, provides grace for specimen or background planting in the garden. Though somewhat tolerant of drought, prefers regular irrigation to keep from becoming spindly. Full sun to medium shade, average fertility and drainage. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8, possibly 7 if in North Carolina.
Podocarpus lawrencei 'Purple King'
Spreading shrub to small tree from New Zealand with foliage that turns a very dark purple in winter, lightening a bit in summer. Has very nice red berries. Can be easily hedged, making it a nice alternative to yew or other more commonly used conifers. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7.
Podocarpus macrophyllus - self-fruiting clone
Shared with us some years ago by plant geek buddy, Mike Remmick, originally from his stay at the North Carolina State University Arboretum, now the JC Raulston Arboretum in Raleigh, NC. Though he has not been able to locate the original plant during our many trips to this fabulous institution, Mike's specimen has grown to a beautifully conical, 12 feet ... ok...minus one bout of falling into a creek...but it's back. This form is particularly desirable to us, not only because of its hardiness, having survived well below 0F in Raleigh, but also because of its heavily powder-blue dusted foliage and quite attractive red "berries" produced with no playmates in sight. Average garden conditions; dappled shade to bright light with decent drainage and summer water. Doesn't turn down a little manure once in a while. Frost hardy to at least USDA zone 7.
Podocarpus macrophyllus var. maki 'Irvington'
This selection is from an ancient plant growing on a west wall in a northeast Portland home and has remained undamaged by any cold ever thrown at it. Lacy, evergreen, upthrusting shrub to 15 ft tall x 3 ft wide. Red berries in winter. Full to part sun in well-drained soil. Frost hardy to at least 10F, USDA zone 8, and upper zone 7 with protection.
Podocarpus nivalis 'Otari'mountain totara
Male variety of this handsome podocarp, growing slowly to 3-4 ft x 5-6 ft wide, with olive green, needled foliage that turns a very rich, bright bronze in winter, becoming green again in summer. Best with good drainage and even moisture in bright light for good winter color. Frost hardy at temperatures close to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Podocarpus salignuswillowleaf podocarp
One of a number of exquisite and rare conifers from southern Chile, this upright, forest dweller with weeping branches and gracefully hanging foliage looks for all the world like the bamboo you always wanted. Particularly beguiling as it grows in several places with the Chilean native Chusquea culeou, a combination we observed during our first collections in Chile some years ago. Nothofagus and luma are other associates in this moist cool maritime environment. Unlike some other rarities, it has become quite at home in cultivation, adding a graceful subtropical effect in our courtyard and having remained undamaged in temperatures in the low teens F in several gardens. A plant for reasonably moist soil and average fertility, bright light to dappled shade (weeps a bit more in dappled shade). Eventually to 25-30 ft, more reasonably to 15 ft in the garden. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Podocarpus totara 'Pendula'
Large, gracefully weeping shrub, easily trained to small tree size, to 8-12 ft tall or so, with yellow-green, densely held needles and dense weeping branches as well, though these can be thinned to enhance the fine, graceful appearance. Easy care, requiring regular but infrequent water in dry summer places and sun for best needle color, though perfectly happy in dappled shade. This New Zealand native seems adaptable to both east and west. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7. Excellent container plants.
A wonderful wildflower, native to the eastern US, with unbranched, upright stems, handsome leaves, and in spring, the great treat -- white flowers dangling down from the arching stems. Spreads by rhizomes to form clusters. To 1-3 ft tall in clumps to 3 ft wide in part shade to full shade with summer water for best appearance. Dies back in winter and returns in all its glory with spring temperatures. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8.
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Liliaceae / Asparagaceae
Polypodium vulgare 'Bifido Multifidum'
Deciduous fern, to 12-18" tall, with leathery fronds, deeply cut and crested. Attractive and tolerant of dry shade! Easy to grow out of wind in well-drained soil and part shade to shade with little summer water once established. Frost hardy to at least 0F, USDA zone 7.
Polyspora macrocarpa DJHMV 041
These are lovely Asian counterparts to the gordonia, large shrubs to small trees reaching 15-20 ft or more in a reasonable time with evergreen, glossy, 4-5" leaves emerging orange then, in late summer, framing clusters of 2-3" fragrant white flowers with a generous boss of yellow stamens. All of this and stewartia-like bark as well! Prefers full sun in coastal areas to dappled shade inland and well-drained soil with occasional summer water where dry. This form has so far proven frost hardy in the garden to the bottom of USDA zone 8 with overhead protection.
Poncirus trifoliata x Citrus sinensis ‘Rusk’
A hardy, evergreen citrus, also known as a Citrange or sweet orange, with the trifoliate leaves of its Poncirus parent, but a bit larger and darker. White, sweetly scented flowers in spring. The orange fruits are small with a reddish flush, and though somewhat less bitter than their Citrange relatives, still, are best used for juice -- or simply as garden adornments. Plant in fertile, moist, well-drained soil in a sunny position. Plants are tall, to 6-8 ft, vigorous, and frost hardy to USDA zone 7, though, as new growth is susceptible to frost, they benefit from a protected site. Very nice in container with proper watering, just as soil becomes nearly dry.
A citrange, one of the oldest, developed in 1897 and named for J.M.Rusk, the first Secretary of Agriculture. Who knew? Vigorous, small, evergreen to semi-evergreen tree, with Poncirus’ trifoliate leaves and thorns. Fruit is orange flushed with red, seedless, and less bitter than a Poncirus, useful in juice, maramalades, etc. Sun with regular summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Potentilla nepalensis 'Melton Fire'
Charming, small perennial, to only 18-24" tall and wide, with strawberry like leaves and, beginning in early summer, lots of mauve flowers with rose centers. Can be sheared after blooming to refresh the foliage and encourage new blooms. Best in sun to part shade with regular summer water. Not fussy about soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Prunus domestica 'Green Gage'
Sweet, medium-sized plum with greenish yellow skin and amber flesh. A self-fertile fruit tree for full sun with regular water. Grows 12-15ft tall and is hardy in USDA zones 5 on up.
Prunus ilicifoliaholly leaf cherry
A cherry for the dry garden with dark-green, holly like leaves and attractive, white flowers in July followed by late autumn fruit (more pit than cherry). A chaparral plant from Oregon's Siskiyou Mountains and southward, this dense, evergreen shrub or small tree, to 5-10 ft, is an important wildlife habitat and food source. Best in full sun with little summer water. Undamaged into the mid teens F, mid USDA zone 8.
Prunus lusitanicaportuguese laurel
Think gorgeous, small, evergreen tree to 10-20 ft tall and wide with shiny, dark green leaves.. These are cherries, blooming in late spring in tall racemes of white, fragrant flowers. Purple-red berries ripen to black in autumn -- bitter so best left to birds. Can be grown as a large, multi-stemmed shrub. Sun to part shade with normal summer water to establish. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Exotic, evergreen shrub from New Zealand, This old Duncan & Davies introduction, a cross between P. crassifolius and P. lessonii, is grown primarily for its toothed, lance-like leaves, up to 12”, narrow, with bronzey red overcast and red-orange mid-rib. To 10 ft x 5 ft over time and easily trimmed to shape. Best in sun and well-drained soil with regular moisture. Frost hardy only to USDA zone 9a, perhaps 8b with protection
Pseudopanax discolor - Nelson, NZ
Fascinating evergreen aralia from New Zealand, this particular purple-leaved form from serpentine soils in Nelson, South Island, NZ. Shrub to small tree -- to 15' to 20' but easily kept as small as 3' by nipping -- produces palmate leaflets, somewhat fan-shaped, and the deepest green, tinted purple in summer, darkening to a rich purple in cooler periods. Small, sputnik flowers, typical of the Aralia family appear in spring and summer followed by dark berries that add to the plants attractiveness in fall. A plant for moist woodland conditions or a bright garden in parts of the country where summers are not unreasonably warm. Consistent moisture; a little organic matter is a plus but fairly low fertility overall is preferred. Wonderful container plant. Frost hardy in the upper reaches of USDA zone 8; totally reliable in zone 9.
narrow, three parted leves, 8-10 ft sometimes larger. From the low elevation, north island, nz, reliably hardy to only 18-20. Find container specimen or coastal plant for Oregon or Calfifornia
Pseudotsuga menziesii 'Idaho Weeping'
This Doug Fir selection has a weeping habit and is significantly more slow growing that the species. Not prostrate, the weeping is the branches and branch tips. Magnificently graceful in appearance. Full sun. 30’ or more.
Puya dyckioides SBHMPS 6285
Our collection from northwest Argentina at nearly 10,000 ft. Gracefully arching, very shiny leaves tinted red are stunning growing from a high cliff. Luckily you do not have to hang by your ankles to have this plant. Has flowered for us with rosey red, 2 ft spikes with a celadon blue flower, a color that should not be found in nature. Should be hardy to at least 10 to 15F, mid USDA zone 8, making it one of the toughest bromeliads for garden use. Full sun to dappled shade; good drainage.
Hard to find evergreen shrub with sprightly variegated foliage, upright to 5-10 ft tall, easily kept smaller. Clusters of white flowers in the spring are followed by red berries in autumn. Full to part sun. Tolerant of some drought once established but accepting of moderate summer water. Good as a hedge or specimen plant. Frost hardy in USDA zone 6.
Pyrrosia hastatafelt fern
An evergreen fern, quite rare in cultivation as it spreads very slowly, but attractive with thick, three lobed leaves, up to 16" long x 6-8" wide, green above and stippled with coppery felt below, on black stems to 6-12” tall and slowly expanding into larger clumps. Found clinging to rocks and tree trunks in China, Japan, and Korea, these are best in part shade to shade in well-drained, even rocky soil with summer water. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, and into zone 7 with winter protection. Also does well in pots and as an indoor plant.
A very special addition to any woodland garden, these evergreen ferns (yes, ferns) spread slowly to form dramatic clumps of one foot tall, erect "tongues" with copper-brown felty backsides. Shade to part shade and even moisture. Hardy to 5F - mid USDA zone 7. A curiosity and a wonderful accent.
Pyrrosia lingua 'Variegata'
A special, variegated form of a special addition to any woodland garden, these evergreen ferns spread slowly to form dramatic clumps of one foot tall, erect "tongues" with copper-brown felty backsides. Place in shade to part shade and even summer moisture. Frost hardy to 5F, mid USDA zone 7. A curiosity and a wonderful accent.
Pyrrosia shearerishearer's felt fern
This lovely and unusual evergreen fern, not often available, hardly looks like a typical fern at all with its long, narrow and leathery fronds, pea green with silver hairs on the undersides when young and maturing to dark green with rusty brown hairs on the undersides. To only about 30" tall in clumps to 15-18" wide, growing best in rich, well-drained soil in morning sun to shade with summer water. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Quercus aff. rugosa - La Siberica strain
This is from our 1991 collection from high valley in Mexico's Nuevo Leon state and named for the town and the cold climate from which it comes. In habitat these form dense 6-8 ft shrubs with undulate and glossy fiddle-shaped leaves, deep green and ever so lightly furry above with a thick woolly coating of cream to light orange fur beneath. OoooH! Our original seed collections have grown in our somewhat more lavish conditions to 15 ft small trees just large enough tshow off the reflective undersides of the leaves. OoooH! OooH! From its habitat we suggest this might well be frost hardy into USDA zone 6 but we know zone 7 is a no-brainer. Ohhhhh, ohhh, ohhh!
Lovely oak from Mexico with narrow and graceful leaves, typically toothed, of shiny dark green with hints of red. This medium sized tree, to 20-30 ft tall and wide at maturity, is perfect for a sunny spot with lean, possibly rocky, well-drained soil. Semi-evergreen, losing leaves quite late if at all. Drought tolerant but appreciates occasional summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7
Quercus chrysolepis - dwarf form
shrubby canyon live oak
A handsome, evergreen native oak, this one a smaller form than the species, forming a shrub with a broad crown and only reaching 8 ft tall in 10 years. A perfect way to enjoy this wonderful native oak in a small garden. These, from seed collected in southwestern Oregon, are able to withstand great drought in bright sun to part shade. Frost hardy to the bottom of USDA zone 7.
Quercus chrysolepis SBH 7192
canyon live oak
And extremely handsome, evergreen oak, native from southern Oregon south into Mexico and Baja California, this form from acorns collected at the confluence of the Trinity and New Rivers in Northern California. A tall, vase-shaped tree, to 30 ft or so in your lifetime; taller over its very long lifespan. Extremely drought tolerant making it an excellent street tree. Somewhat shrubby in its youth but worth the extra care to encourage leader growth. Plant in bright light in deep soil and enjoy! Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 5.
california scrub oak
Endemic to California, this small evergreen oak is often a prickly presence off-trail in the California foothills; the stiff, very spiny leaves are easy to identify as they scratch you in passing. To 10 ft tall, these can stand as single specimens or form dense thickets or hedges in full sun to light shade and well-drained soil with little or no summer water once established. Frost hardy to the low teens F, USDA zone 8.
japanese blue oak
Previously Cyclobalonopsis glauca. Beautiful oak, or oak relative depending on one's taxonomic belief, from southeast China to Japan and Taiwan. This blue-tinted creature can reach 60-80 ft but seems content at 20 ft in our part of the world. It had a brief stint of popularity in Portland in the 50s, then as far as we can tell, became almost completely unavailable. The silvered bark and blue undersides of the leaves make this one of the prettiest, medium-sized garden trees available for warmer climates. Not fussy but likes supplemental summer water in dry climates. Good for sun or shade. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7. (The beautiful specimen at the JC Raultson Arboretum in North Carolina was damaged severely but recovered quickly at around -8º F.)
Quercus hypoleucoidessilver oak
We first fell in love with this plant in the 1980s upon seeing a collection from an expedition of Boyd Kline and Frank Callahan to northeastern Mexico. Our first up close and personal experience was on New Year's Day, seeing these exquisite 25 ft tall by 15 ft wide trees in the Chiricahua Mountains of southeast Arizona where, under bright blue skies and with a few inches of snow on the ground, the dazzling sliver undersides of the leaves reflected as if illuminated by spot light. Fast growing when young. The narrow leaves are very leathery and shiny and can age to maroon on the upper surface in cold temperatures. A plant for sun, well-drained soil, and quite possibly hardy into low to mid USDA zone 6. But we are sure about zone 7. Our favorite oak, really.
Quercus ilexholly oak, holm oak
Native to the Mediterranean, frequently grown as far north as the British Isles and occasionally in the western US. This olive green, silver tinted, medium to large tree, to 25-40 ft ft (more in a few hundred years) is most exquisitely adapted to dry summer climates and is a wonderful constituent of that Mediterranean look, just throw in an Italian cypress and some olives. Requires only well-drained soil and temperatures not falling below 0 to 10F, USDA zone 7, for any length of time. Not absolutely happy with the summer heat and humidity of the US Southeast unless in well-drained, exposed situations.
Kellogg Oak, California black oak
One of the West's most majestic oaks -- to 30-60 ft -- ranging from the foothills of southern California to western Oregon, with dark, furrowed bark and upright, vase shape . The shiny leaves look a bit like a typical red or pin oak and color to oranges and yellows in mid to late fall. Drought tolerant and hard to find in native plant nurseries, these represent our collections from Dunsmuir Canyon in the Siskiyou Mountains. USDA zone 6.
Quercus mexicanamexican live oak
One of our most coveted, evergreen garden trees. To 30 ft tall or more with a pattern of horizontal branches adorned with 2", compact, oval leaves of leathery green all along the silvery bark. Destined to become an important street or garden tree in western Oregon and elsewhere. Tolerant of a wide range of conditions except for sitting in water. Frost hardy to mid to low USDA zone 7. Though evergreen, drops a portion of its leaves in early spring so don't panic.
Handsome and long-lived southern oak, deciduous with narrow, willow-like foliage, small leaves for easy raking. Grows somewhat fast, reaching 60-80 ft tall x 30-40 ft wide with a dense rounded crown. Produces small acorns that provide food for birds. A fine street tree tolerating heat, humidity, air pollution, and even standing water and compacted soils. Drought tolerant for brief periods but grows best in moist, well-drained soil. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Quercus rugosanetleaf oak
Found in Mexico and the southern US, neatleaf oak is a wonderful large shrub or, trimmed to tree form, a small tree to as much as 30 ft tall and wide. Evergreen leaves are handsome -- thick and leathery, rounded on the ends with slightly toothed margins and may turn bright red before dropping -- as they do occasionally. Spring catkins develop into acorns on 2" stems. A fine specimen tree or shrub for the dry garden in sun to part shade with well-drained soil. Does well on the coast. Frost hardy to 0F, USDA zone 7.
Quercus sadleriana - Bear Camp Summit
sadler oak, deer oak
One of the handsomest of the western, evergreen oaks, this native of southwest Oregon to northern California is a small shrub, to only 6-10 ft tall x 3 ft wide, with huge, shining leaves, oblong and serrated, dark green above and paler beneath. Best in well-drained soil in understory conditions in light shade. Tolerant of summer drought and hot conditions as well as heavy winter rains. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Quercus sadleriana SBH 7210.1
One of the handsomest of the western, evergreen oaks, this, Sean’s collection of a native of southwest Oregon to northern California, is a small shrub, to only 6 ft tall, with huge, shining leaves, dark green above and paler beneath, oblong and serrated. Best grown in moist, understory conditions in light shade. Frost hardy in USDA zone 5.
Quercus suberCork Oak
The famed cork oak from the savannas of southwestern Europe, indeed used for repeated harvest of the real thing! Coming from our mirror climate, this makes a most beautiful and useful street or garden tree, reaching an eventual 50 ft, with thickened, orangey bark and rounded, evergreen leaves, somewhat shedding briefly in early spring as the new leaves emerge. (By the way, pigs love the acorns ... just saying.) Accepts a fair amount of garden water but most at home with long summer drought. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Quercus tomentella - Las Pilitas
Quercus vaccinifoliahuckleberry oak
Walking through a ‘"forest" of this oak can be hard on your ankles or knees since these only reach 2-3 ft at maturity, making this dwarf alpine oak perfect for the rock wall or rock garden. Evergreen with lustrous, green leaves and a dense, tight habit. A very dependable small shrub in full sun to part shade with at least occasional summer water. Frost hardy to at least 0F, USDA zone 7, and possibly into upper zone 5.
Quercus vaccinifolia x chrysolepis
This evergreen oak hybrid is slightly larger than its Q. vaccinifolia parent, reaching 6-8 ft tall, with slightly ruffled leaves from Q. chrysolepis, a small, handsome oak for the dry garden in sun to part shade with at least occasional summer water. Evergreen with lustrous, green leaves and a dense, tight habit. A very dependable small shrub in full sun to part shade with at least occasional summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7 and possibly into upper zone 5.
Quercus virginianasouthern live oak
This is the handsome, southern live oak that graces avenues in the south. Reaches an eventual 30-50 ft tall, the branches spreading to 50-80 ft wide with shiny and leathery evergreen leaves, 2-3" catkins in spring, and handsome acorns to feed the birds and squirrels. Enjoys sun and moist, sandy, well-drained soil but tolerates clay soil! Needs summer water to establish then tolerates some summer drought. A fine garden specimen or street tree accepting urban conditions. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Quercus wislizeniInterior live oak
Evergreen tree producing crinkled, somewhat spiny, deep green leaves, silvery bark, and attractive missile-shaped acorns in late summer. To about 25 ft tall with a rounded shape, a tough species for the droughty west. Makes a nice contrast with an olive tree of similar size. Best in full sun in very well-drained soil with only occasional water until established. Frost hardy to 0F, and possibly lower.
Mat forming groundcover with silver-gray foliage, somewhat mossy, to 2" tall spreading to 1 ft wide, between and over small rocks and paving. Flowers are tiny and hardly noticeable. Tolerates moderate foot traffic. Needs very! good drainage in full sun with summer moisture. Frost hardy in USDA zone 8 and possibly much lower.
tassel cord rush
This little Tasmanian devil is sweeeeeet. Stiffly erect spring green stems are capped (if it’s a girl) with architectural bronze seed heads. Boys are a bit less stunning. Though varying greatly in elevation where native, this seems to be one of the frost hardiest restios, often thriving in USDA zone 7, it’s a no brainer for USDA zone 8 and above. Full to part sun. Doesn't mind wet feet, otherwise water periodically where dry. Fabulous container plant.
Rhamnus alaternus 'John Edwards'italian buckthorn
One of the most versatile, durable, easy, and drought tolerant plants for Mediterranean climates, this selection having come from Tilden Park in Berkeley, California. Small tree, to 20 ft, or large shrub, to 12 ft, easily trimmed as a handsome hedge. Evergreen leaves are small, crinkley, and dark green; greenish white flowers also small, and produce black berries adding texture. Full sun with very little summer water. Frost hardy to 5F, USDA zone 7b.
Rhamnus californica ssp. tomentella SBH 7494
Lovely variant of our native West Coast buckthorn from the Siskiyou mountains, eventually growing to 6-8 ft and evergreen with furry, silver-green leaves the texture and color of velour. For the summer dry garden with lean soil in half to full sun. Decorative berries, produced in the fall, are red, ripening to black, both colors existing side by side. Frost hardy to the bottom of USDA zone 8.
Rhamnus frangula 'Asplenifolia'alder buckthorn
"Airy-fairy" buckthorn with a delicate lightness to the entire plant -- or the look of a bad hair day (very stylish here in Portland). Deciduous shrub to 10 ft x 8 ft. Wispy, fern-like, dark green leaves with translucent edges change to glowing yellows and reds in autumn. Clusters of green flowers appear in spring; red fruit aging black stands out in the fall. Full to part sun with normal summer water. Frost hardy in USDA zone 3.
Rhaphiolepis umbellata 'Minor'Minor INdian Hawthorn
Very nice, small evergreen shrub, native to Japan and Korea. To 3-4 ft tall by 2-3 ft wide, densely branched with a rounded form. Good for foundation plantings or a small hedge. The leaves are small, glossy and dark green turning bronze in winter and in new growth and the late spring flowers are white followed by purple-black berries. Full sun to part shade. Prefers moist, well-drained soil but tolerates some drought. Frost hardy to USDA zone 7.
Rhaphiolepis umbellata f. ovata
One of the more handsome Indian hawthorns, this bold textured, evergreen, shrub (or miniature tree?), to 5-8 ft, is adorned with glossy, 3", rounded oval leaves of deep green with a light coating of hairs, and white to shell pink flowers spring through fall. Drought tolerant but fine with summer moisture. Full sun to dappled shade; reasonable drainage; low or high nutrients. Frost hardy to the lower end USDA zone 8; possibly 7.
Rhapidophyllum hystrixneedle palm
Wonderful rare species growing amid the cypress swamps of northern Florida, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia, and just nipping into South Carolina. This slow growing clumper -- eventually to 10 ft with multiple offsets -- has a trunk covered with blackish fur and numerous spines, and graceful, glossy green leaves on long petioles. An easy plant in the garden; happy in shade to full sun in coastal climates and appreciative of generous summer water. Slow growing where nights are cool. Possibly the hardiest palm with numerous reports of little to no damage at 0 to -10F, USDA zone 6, and some of survival as cold as -22F, upper USDA zone 4, with only a little protection. Avoid root disturbance when transplanting. Very slow from seed. Ours are 7 years old.
A lovely evergreen groundcover for the dry garden, this sedum from Pakistan and Afghanistan, to only 6" tall, forms a spreading carpet of small, succulent, blue-green rosettes. A great texture for the rock garden. Clusters of white flowers appear in mid to late summer. Does well in fertile to poor soil, well-drained of course, in sun to part shade. Drought tolerant once established but accepts summer water as well. Frost hardy to at least -20F, USDA zone 5.
Looks for all the world like Elegia capensis but this creature has never had a shred of damage for us. Plumes of asparagus-like foliage, to 4-5 ft and eventually even larger, produce cleverly coordinated rust-brown bracts and seed heads in winter. These are excellent garden plants in well-drained soil with bright light and they make wonderfully architectural container plants. Though somewhat drought resistant, they can also sit in water for an extended period. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8a.
Rhodohypoxis baurii 'Venetia'rosy posy
From the Drakensberg Mountains of South Africa, a tiny, clumping perennial with grassy leaves, to only 3-4" tall. Grown mostly for its charming, star-shaped, rose-red flowers that sit on the top of each stem in late spring. Sun and well-drained soil is best with consistent moisture in summer and little moisture in winter. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8, with good drainage.
Rhodophiala bifidaoxblood lily
Lovely South American equivalent of the South African amaryllis. Flowers in late summer with deep dusky-red, lily-like blooms on 1 ft stems. Grass-like, strappy leaves follow the flowers. Easy in the garden, in well-drained soil with protection from the very hottest sun. Water in their growing season. Easily grown as a houseplant and encouraged into bloom for the holiday season. Frost hardy with mulch in upper USDA zone 6.
shaving brush palm
New Zealand native, from dense forests with lots of rain, this the furthest south growing palm and this collection from the southernmost area in which it grows. A lover of cool coastal conditions. To 15-20 ft or so and very s-l-o-w-l-y... Frost hardy briefly into the teens F. Sun along the coast, dappled shade inland and summer water in dry climates. The perfect plant for Brookings, Oregon.
Rhus typhina 'Tiger Eyes'
This deciduous small tree or shrub has lacy, dissected foliage in shades of chartreuse and golden-yellow.
Often multi-trunked growing 6-8ft tall and 6-8ft wide. Excellent fall color showing near electric tones of yellows, amber, and oranges. Interesting dark red floral cones persist through winter. Has good drought tolerance once established. Full sun to part shade. Frost hardy to USDA zone 4.
Ribes 'Pink Pearl'pink currant
A Cistus introduction. Though this new cross should involve long story about an involved, Cistus hybridization program, in fact, this was a seedling in our garden ... for which we are happy to take credit. And yes, it's possible the world doesn't need another Ribes sanguineum cultivar, but this one's different ... with dense, hanging clusters of late winter flowers that open white and fade to a warm pink. Flowers very well and we believe represents a color combination not in the trade. Typical western native plant care is required in lean soil and dappled shade -- though for this one full sun can't hurt --. with summer water to be applied sparingly and carefully only in cool weather. We expect frost hardiness to at least the bottom of USDA zone 7.
Ribes malvaceum var. malvaceum 'Ortega Beauty'
A pink flowering currant that flowers in winter providing hummingbird food for the intrepid year round dwellers. An upright shrub, to 6 ft tall and wide with largish, rough green leaves and dangling peachy to carmine flowers followed by red currants -- edible but not considered delicious except to wildlife. Prefers summer drought but tolerates some summer water. Frost hardy to the bottom of USDA zone 8.
Ribes sanguineum 'Elk River'red flowering currant
This flowering currant was selected in the Pacific Northwest from native red currants for the brightest, rosy red flowers of all, dangling in clusters from the bare branches in early spring. A deciduous shrub, to 8-10 ft tall x 6-7 ft wide, with 3-5 lobed leaves, and in late summer, blue-black fruit loved by the birds. Easily pruned after flowering in order to maintain shape and size. Best in sun to part shade, in lean soil that drains well, with little summer water once established. Frost hardy to -10F, USDA zone 6.
Ribes speciosum 'Pincushion'
fuschia flowered gooseberry
Spiny, indeed, this lowing growing shrub is very decorative with dark green, shiny leaves and the brightest, scarlet flowers in spring (on last year's stems). A new plant and fine ground cover, expected to remain under 2 ft tall, spreading to 4 ft wide, and easily maintained to size. Naturally summer deciduous in dry climates, leafing out with fall and winter rains. Likes full sun and well-drained soil. Frost hardy to 10F, USDA zone 8.
Ribes speciosum 'Rana Creek'fuchsia flowered gooseberry
When customers see the bright red, hanging bell flowers in early spring, it’s hard to keep this one in stock. A deciduous shrub, to 5-6 ft tall x 6-10 ft wide, with long, arching, and prickled branches, this one was selected by Suzanne Schettler for its great quantities of flowers. Tolerates drought in full sun to part shade, though may be summer deciduous if extremely dry. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Rodgersia podophylla 'Rotlaub'
Big, bold peltate (think 'umbrella') leaved perennial from Japan & Korea for a moist, shady spot. This selection has beautiful bronze new foliage. Same plumey white flowers in late summer, eventually growing to form a large colony. USDA zone 6, lower if mulched.
Rohdea japonica - crested
Old cultivar from Asia that we found in the San Francisco area. Slow growing for full shade. Greenish cream flowers followed by bright red berries in summer. Extremely collectable. Hardy outdoors.
Previously known as Senecio petasitis, this tall, daisy family shrub, found in the mountains near Oaxaca, Mexico, reaches 8-10 ft tall and wide in one season, the velvety green leaves providing a perfect backing for the burgundy colored flower buds that open to bright yellow daisies. Great for the "tropical" garden and best in sun full sun with regular summer water. Evergreen in mid USDA zone 9, resprouting from the base in the low 20s / upper teens. Mulch for winter protection. Otherwise treat as an annual.
Romneya coulteriMatilija poppy
Also known as ‘fried egg plant’ for its huge white flowers in late summer that look just like that. This is a big plant, fast-growing to 5 ft tall and forming large clumps of stalks with blue-green foliage and those fabulous flowers. HOT, DRY, DROUGHTY neglect is what it wants and lots of space. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7.
Rosa 'Mutabilis'twelve month rose
A wonderful rose, known in China as the four season rose. Long flowering, the single flowers emerging pale peach and aging to nearly cerise before shattering. Foliage is blue green, burgundy blushed in new growth as are the stems. To 4-6 ft tall x 3 ft wide. Nearly evergreen and nearly everblooming and well as nearly completely disease resistant. Dappled shade to bright light with summer water for best performance. Frost hardy in upper USDA zone 7. Variously known as Rosa x odorata 'Mutabilis' and Rosa chinensis 'Mutabilis and a few other combinations.
Rosa banksiae 'Alba Plena'
Small rose with lovely double white, fragrant flowers in late spring to early summer. This thornless climber reaches 20 ft or so and does well in hot climates, even tolerating some summer drought. Sun to part shade is best with summer water to establish and occasionally thereafter. Frost hardy to -15F, mid USDA zone 5. Good in containers as well.
Rosa banksiae 'Purezza'
repeating white bank’s rose
This cross between the miniature ‘Tom Thumb' and Rosa banksiae var. lutescens is a rather large, vigorous, repeat blooming rambler or climber, to 15-20 ft, with large and abundant white flowers -- very close to a double flowering Bank’s rose. Thornless as well and resistant to black spot, mildew and rust! Blooms on old wood so easily pruned after flowering. Provide full sun and plentiful water then stand back and enjoy. Frost hardy in USDA zone 7, remaining completely evergreen in zone 8.
Rosa glaucared leaf rose
Grown as much for its foliage as its flowers this deciduous shrub, to 6 ft tall x 5 ft wide, has glaucous blue foliage and, in June, single pink flowers with white centers. Lovely rose hips follow and remain through the winter. Happy in a sunny garden spots some summer water. Disease resistant. Frost hardy in USDA zone 2.
One of the most petite and interesting of Western natives and indeed the rose clan. This under 18" semi-evergreen creature has tiny leaves with about 1" flowers of light pale pink and is severely endangered in the wild, growing in a few scattered bluffs in northern Baja. Until the Department of Homeland Security improved "the bordered fence", it had a population in San Diego County, CA. Able to withstand a great amount of summer drought, it makes a fine texture in the dry border. Somewhat tender, damaged with sustained temperatures below 15-20 degrees. A cautious 8b.
Rosa nutkana var. nutkana 'Xera Pink'
Introduced by Xera Plants, this is a smallish, native rose (originally found in a ditch near Xera). To 4 ft tall and stretching to 4 ft wide in time, with purple stems that carry rich, dark pink, single flowers, very fragrant, from late May through June. Very striking and easy in most soils, even winter wet locations, with occasional summer water. Good fall color in reds and oranges. Frost hardy to -20F, USDA zone 7.
Also known as the Chestnut Rose, this is a very old rose, originally from China and introduced from the Calcutta Botanic Garden around 1824. This shrubby rose grows up to 6 ft tall x 5 ft wide and produces repeat blooms of fragrant, medium pink roses, beginning in spring, lovely against the dark leaves. Resistant to black spot and other rose troubles. Happy in sun